An overview of Endocrine disorders - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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An overview of Endocrine disorders

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Endocrine disorders are diseases related to the endocrine glands of the body. The endocrine system produces hormones, which are chemical signals sent out, or secreted, through the bloodstream. Endocrine disorder affects growth and development, metabolism, sexual function, and mood. Endocrine diseases occur by the hormonal imbalances. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An overview of Endocrine disorders


1
An Overview of Endocrine Disorders
2
What is Endocrine Disorder ?
  • Endocrine disorders are diseases related
    to the endocrine glands of the body. The
    endocrine system produces hormones, which are
    chemical signals sent out, or secreted, through
    the bloodstream. Hormones help the body regulate
    processes, such as appetite, breathing, growth,
    fluid balance, feminization and virilization, and
    weight control.
  • .
  • .

3
Causes for Endocrine disorder
  • Hormone imbalance can be caused due to a wide
    range of problems. These include
  • Diabetes
  • Cushing syndrome
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Tumours
  • Eating disorders, hypogonadism,

4
Causes for Endocrine disorder
  • Congenital
  • Adrenal hyperplasia
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Injuries
  • Certain medications and treatments
  • Hormone therapy.

5
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6
Symptoms of Endocrine Disorder
  • Fatigue
  • weight gain
  • Increased urination
  • Dry skin
  • Weakness in muscles
  • Decreased or increased heart rate
  • Blurred vision
  • Depression
  • Nervousness or anxiety
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Infertility
  • Abnormal sweating
  • .

7
Complications of Endocrine Disorder ?
  • Apart from certain symptoms like acne,
    weight gain, PCOS, and infertility, hormone
    imbalance can lead to many health complications.
    They include heart disease, high blood pressure,
    obesity, sleep apnoea, neuropathy, kidney damage
    and depression. Hormone imbalances can also lead
    to breast cancer, endometrial cancer, urinary
    incontinence, goitre, sexual dysfunction, bone
    loss, muscle mass loss, infertility and high
    cholesterol.
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8
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9
Endocrine Diseases
  • These are some of the common endocrine disorders
    that human are most affected.
  • Acromegaly.
  • Adrenal Insufficiency and Addison's Disease.
  • Cushing's Syndrome.
  • Cystic Fibrosis link.
  • Graves' Disease.
  • Hashimoto's Disease.
  • Diabetes
  • .

10
Treatment for Endocrine Disorder
  • Treatment for endocrine disorder can be
    done by proper medication or through surgery.
    Depending on the condition of the diseased body,
    the way of treatment can be chosen.
  • But before the treatment procedure, effective
    diagnosing of the endocrine disease has to be
    done. Endocrinologist first examines the urine
    and blood samples for the assessment of the
    disorder
  • In the endocrinology blood test, the
    endocrinologist measures the hormone levels and
    analyses the functioning of the gland. Depending
    on the kind of disorder, endocrinology blood test
    is performed using different endocrinology lab
    parameters.
  • .

11
How to control Endocrine Disorder
  • Exercising regularly. This can help you reduce
    the amount of insulin in your body, and can also
    help you increase your insulin sensitivity.
  • Stay away from refined carbs and sugar. This is
    because you can help your body optimize hormone
    function and prevent issues like weight gain and
    diabetes
  • Eating 20-40 grams of protein per day. This is
    because protein stimulates certain hormones that
    suppress your appetite.
  • .

12
How to control Endocrine Disorder
  • Manage your stress. This is because stress
    increases two hormones in your body adrenaline
    and cortisol. High amounts of both can lead to
    higher calorie intake and weight gain.
  • Consume healthy fats. This can help you reduce
    insulin resistance. A few examples of healthy
    fats are palm oil, MCT oil, and coconut oil.
  • Eat fatty fish.
  • Sleep well every night.
  • .

13
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14
Thank you
  • .
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