Yellow Fever Vaccinations London - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Yellow Fever Vaccinations London

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Yellow Fever is a serious viral infection that’s usually spread by a type of daytime biting mosquito known as the Aedes aegypti. It can be prevented with a vaccination. Know more: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Yellow Fever Vaccinations London


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Yellow Fever Vaccinations London
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Yellow Fever is a serious viral infection thats
usually spread by a type of daytime biting
mosquito known as the Aedes aegypti. It can be
prevented with a vaccination. Yellow fever
mainly occurs in sub-Saharan Africa (countries to
the south of the Sahara desert), South America
(especially the Amazon) and in parts of the
Caribbean. Yellow fever can be fatal. About 8
of people who get yellow fever die from it.
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Yellow Fever Vaccination
Luckily, there is a very effective vaccination
for yellow fever. Some countries require proof of
vaccination (a certificate) against yellow fever
before they let you enter the country. Vaccinatio
n is the single most effective way of preventing
yellow fever. In the UK, Stamaril (produced by
Sanofi Pasteur MSD) is the only licensed yellow
fever vaccine. A single dose of the yellow fever
vaccine will protect against yellow fever for
life. It is no longer recommended to have a
booster dose every 10 years (WHO, World Health
Organisation, July 2016). Ideally, you should
have the yellow fever vaccination at least 10
days before your travel. This will allow enough
time for your body to develop protective
antibodies against the yellow fever infection.
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The Yellow Fever Vaccination is Recommended for
  • Anyone traveling to, or living in, areas or
    countries where yellow fever is endemic.
  • Anyone traveling to a country where an
    International Certificate of Vaccination or
    Prophylaxis (ICVP) against yellow fever is
    required for entry.
  • You must have a yellow fever vaccination at least
    10 days before you travel. This will allow enough
    time for your body to develop protective
    antibodies against the yellow fever infection.

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Who should not be Vaccinated?
People who should not have the yellow fever
vaccination include
  • Babies under nine months of age babies who are
    six to nine months old should only be vaccinated
    if the risk of getting yellow fever during travel
    is unavoidable.
  • Pregnant women unless the risk of yellow fever
    is unavoidable.
  • Breastfeeding women unless the risk of yellow
    fever is unavoidable.
  • People whose immune systems are lowered
    (immunosuppressed) such as people with HIV and
    those receiving chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

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  • People who are allergic to eggs the vaccine
    contains small amounts of egg white protein,
    albumin.
  • People who have had a severe allergic reaction
    (anaphylaxis) to a previous dose of the yellow
    fever vaccine.
  • People who are allergic to any of the ingredients
    in the vaccine (including eggs).
  • People who have a condition that affects the
    thymus gland (part of your immune system that is
    located in your upper chest).

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  • People who are currently very unwell (such as
    with a high fever) this is to avoid confusing
    the diagnosis of your current illness with any
    side effects from the vaccine.
  • Yellow fever naïve travellers those who have
    not been previously exposed to the vaccine who
    are 60 years of age or over should be
    individually assessed by the travel doctor or
    nurse.

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Side Effects of the Vaccine
After having the yellow fever vaccine, 10-30 of
people will have mild side effects such as
headache, muscle pain, soreness at the injection
site and mild fever. Reactions at the injection
site usually occur one to five days after being
vaccinated, although other side effects may last
for up to two weeks. An allergic reaction to the
vaccine occurs in one case out of every 130,000
doses of the vaccine that are given. Yellow fever
vaccine-associated neurological disease
(YEL-AND).
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Rarely, the yellow fever vaccine is associated
with a neurological condition known as yellow
fever vaccine-associated neurological disease
(YEL-AND). Neurological means that it affects the
nerves and the nervous system, including the
brain and spinal cord. YEL-AND occurs in around
four cases out of every 1 million doses given.
However, for people who are 60 years of age or
over and yellow fever vaccine naïve, the
incidence of YEL-AND increases to around one in
every 50,000. This needs to be balanced against
the risk of acquiring the disease.
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Preventing Mosquito Bites
As well as getting the yellow fever vaccination
before traveling, you should also take steps to
avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. The mosquitoes
that carry yellow fever bite during daylight
hours. Although it may not always be possible,
you should try to
  • Avoid places where mosquitoes live, such as
    swamps, forests and jungles.
  • Choose air-conditioned accommodation. Mosquitoes
    do not like air-conditioned spaces.

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  • Choose accommodation with mesh screening over the
    windows and doors.
  • Wear loose fitting, long-sleeved tops and
    trousers, even in the heat of day.
  • Use insect repellent containing DEET on exposed
    skin, such as Jungle Formula. 50 DEET is
    sufficient.
  • Burn a mosquito coil or use a plug-in device that
    releases insecticide in your accommodation.
  • Use a mosquito net where possible, especially in
    bedrooms that are not air-conditioned.

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Contact Us
Address 39 Harley Street Country United
Kingdom (London) Phone No 0333
4559070 Website https//www.travel-doc.com/
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