Overcoming the Challenges Posed by Diabetes in India - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Overcoming the Challenges Posed by Diabetes in India

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Lifestyle changes have had a profound impact on the number of cases of diabetes in India and around the world. The prevalence and increase in the number of type 2 diabetes cases globally is a major cause for concern. Where does the solution to this looming crisis lie? Can education and awareness building lead the way? Or will it not have a lasting impact? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Overcoming the Challenges Posed by Diabetes in India


1
Overcoming the challenges posed by diabetes in
India
2
  • Lifestyle changes have had a profound impact on
    the number of cases of diabetes in India and
    around the world. The prevalence and increase in
    the number of type 2 diabetes cases globally is a
    major cause for concern. Where does the solution
    to this looming crisis lie? Can education and
    awareness building lead the way? Or will it not
    have a lasting impact?
  •  
  • The case for awareness and education
  • The effects of globalization are there for all to
    see. Whether its the clothes we wear, the shows
    we watch, or even the food we eat, the impact is
    long-lasting. The sheer number of sweets and fast
    foods available, incredible marketing tactics and
    ease of access to them make focusing on a healthy
    diet a very difficult proposition. This makes
    early detection critical. The more people are
    aware of the severity of the issues they face,
    the more likely they are to take a positive
    action to address the situation. Altering dietary
    behavior might seem challenging, but when faced
    with the looming threat of diabetes, it is
    something that can be adapted to.
  • The ethnic susceptibility of Indians for
    developing diabetes is a cause for concern. This
    makes a regular screening program for the disease
    both a vital and cost-effective solution towards
    lowering the impact of the disease. By preventing
    diabetes in high-risk individuals in India, the
    costs associated with treatment of the disease
    can be lowered in the short and long term.
  • Secondary prevention (treatment of diabetes
    complications) can also be an effective tool in
    tackling the economic effects of the disease
    while improving patient quality of life. It
    allows a reduction in major expenditures
    associated with advanced diabetes. In fact,
    several studies show that cost savings of up to
    75 may be possible just by switching the
    goalposts and providing primary resolutions to
    diabetes-related complaints via outpatient
    consultations.

3
  • Ground-level interventions are needed
  • The severity of diabetes and its associated
    complications may not be evident across the
    country. Shared care responsibilities, between
    GPs, primary healthcare workers, and ASHA
    (accredited social health activist) workers may
    be more suitable to the diverse patient
    environment in India. This is an especially
    strong mechanism that can be leveraged towards
    awareness-building and education.
  •  
  • Education and infrastructure must improve
    together
  • The lack of knowledge and awareness about the
    disease can have far-reaching effects. 25 of the
    population in India is currently unaware of
    diabetes. Only 22.2 of the population and 41 of
    known diabetics feel that diabetes can be
    prevented. While awareness levels tend to
    increase with better education, only 42.6
    postgraduates, medical professionals and lawyers
    felt that diabetes was preventable. The
    dependence of the average Indian diabetic on a GP
    is also high, with over 92.3 cases being treated
    by them rather than a diabetic specialist. The
    need for improving awareness is pressing, as,
    with it, patients can manage their diabetes
    better.
  •  

4
  • Where does the solution lie?
  • There are many areas that will need to be
    addressed for proper care and management of
    diabetes. Enhancing infrastructural capabilities,
    and skills for health personnel must be the key
    focus areas. Access to knowledge, the right
    medications and healthcare facilities, and
    addressing economic disparity in the healthcare
    system is also essential. By alleviating the
    socio-economic burden on diabetics, educating
    them on healthy lifestyle changes, and
    formulating policies that procure healthy yet
    low-cost food items, a few steps can be taken in
    the right direction.
  •  
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  •  
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