How cord blood banking of a newborn is done? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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How cord blood banking of a newborn is done?

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After working with tissue samples and IVF embryos for several decades, we've figured out a lot we didn't know about how freezing affects tissue–and how to mitigate the risks posed by freezing damage. As a result, it is necessary to store cord blood samples at very cold temperatures. Whenever it is needed the samples are taken out from the storage and can be used for treatable diseases. In this way, the fetal cord blood banking procedure is done. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How cord blood banking of a newborn is done?


1
How Cord Blood Banking of a Newborn is Done?
  • Umbilical cord stem cells benefits

2
How Cord Blood Banking of a Newborn is Done?
  • Umbilical cord blood is the blood left in the
    umbilical cord and placenta after the birth of a
    baby. Usually, this blood is thrown away.
  • It can be saved and stored for future use in a
    cord blood bank. There are stem cells in the
    blood of the cord. Stem cells are special cells
    which can be used in children and adults to treat
    certain diseases.
  • These diseases include some cancers (leukemia and
    lymphoma), disorders of the blood (major sickle
    cell and thalassemia), and other life-threatening
    conditions. When a disease is treated with stem
    cells, it is called a transplant of stem cells.

3
How Cord Blood Banking of a Newborn is Done?
  • Umbilical cord blood and placental blood both
    contain progenitor hematopoietic cells (HPCs)the
    stem cells that produce blood cells.
  • The same type of cells is found in the bone
    marrow of adults where it maintains our blood
    cell population. Cord blood stem cells can treat
    various types of medical problems, mostly in
    children sickle cell anemia, leukemia, and other
    diseases that affect the production of the immune
    system or blood cells all have HPC treatments.
  • Diseases or treatments that destroy bone marrow
    may also require donor cells to replace the
    tissue that has been destroyed.

4
How Cord Blood Banking of a Newborn is Done?
  • After the baby is born, cord blood is collected
    and the umbilical cord is clamped and cut. The
    baby or mother is not at risk.
  • However, sometimes collecting cord blood may not
    be possible. If the delivery becomes complicated,
    this can happen.
  • If this happens, the health care provider of the
    mother may not advise for medical reasons to
    collect cord blood.

5
How Cord Blood Banking of a Newborn is Done?
  • The use of stem cells from placental and cord
    blood does not have the same controversy as the
    use of stem cells from embryos.
  • The cord/placenta drains about 75-100 mL of blood
    right after a newborn baby takes his first breath
    and the umbilicus is cut.
  • That's where the blood comes from they never
    need a needle to touch the baby.

6
How Cord Blood Banking of a Newborn is Done?
  • The task is to carefully cryopreserve the cord
    blood sample from there. That's where it's
    getting tricky.
  • After working with tissue samples and IVF embryos
    for several decades, we've figured out a lot we
    didn't know about how freezing affects tissueand
    how to mitigate the risks posed by freezing
    damage.
  • As a result, it is necessary to store cord blood
    samples at very cold temperatures. Whenever it is
    needed the samples are taken out from the storage
    and can be used for treatable diseases. In this
    way, the fetal cord blood banking procedure is
    done.
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