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Scope of cybersecurity


Cybersecurity, as a profession is the evolving and pressing field inferable from the regularly increasing cyber-attacks. Any industry that transacts online and carries sensitive data needs a cybersecurity professional today. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 12 March 2020
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Title: Scope of cybersecurity

Scope of cybersecurity
Cybersecurity, as a profession is the evolving
and pressing field inferable from the regularly
increasing cyber-attacks. Any industry that
transacts online and carries sensitive data
needs a cybersecurity professional today. A
cybersecurity professional is expected to protect
the organizations online assets. It includes a
file, network, firewalls, detection of
vulnerabilities, monitoring of the activities,
identifying the problem and its solution, recover
from an attack, disaster recovery and backup
plans, and so forth. Its a role that calls for
an incredible amount of responsibility and
brings value to the organization. Cybersecurity,
more than being a technology, is
  • getting straightforwardly engaged with the
    business system and development, to earn trust
    and win the business.
  • If You think of any industry, there is a need for
    a cybersecurity professional there today. For
    instance, financial services, aerospace firms,
    defense, government agencies, e- commerce,
    m-commerce, digital service agency, and, etc. The
    cybersecurity professionals look for security
    solutions from data in transit to data at rest.
    It includes Identity Management, Endpoint
    Security, Data Security, Application Security,
    Secures Your Email, Secures Your Web, Compliance
    Control Management, Manage Unified Threat,
    Incident Management, Secures Configuration,
    System Security, and Infrastructure.
  • Here are top 10 key roles played by the
    cybersecurity professionals C-suite Level down
    to Systems Administrator include-
  • Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) Being
    at the c-suite level management position, the
    CISO directs the strategy, operations, and the
    budget to protect the information assets and its
    management in an enterprise. The scope of
    responsibility encompasses communication,
    infrastructure, applications, policies, and
    procedures. The equivalent position to the CISO
    includes Chief Information Technology Officer
    (CIO), Information Systems Security Manager,
    Corporate Security Executive, and/or the
    Information Security Director.
  • Forensic Computer Analyst Forensic Computer
    Analyst retrieves erased or the encrypted data
    from the computing devices like smartphones,
    computers, and, etc. The data thus received are
    analyzed and restored to its original and
    undamaged state. The Job titles go as Computer
    Forensics Analyst, Computer Forensics
    Investigator, Computer Forensics Specialist,
    Computer Forensics Technician, Digital Forensics
    Specialist, or the Forensic Computer Examiner.
    They work in varied domains namely, private
    sector, corporate, investigative organizations,
    defense, federal, government, and law
    enforcement domains.

  1. Information Security Analyst Information
    Security Analyst monitors the networks for
    security breaches and its investigation,
    identifies the potential vulnerabilities,
    installs, maintains, and protects the sensitive
    data in software, follow the best practices,
    initiate, and develop the security standards.
    Moreover, he stays up to date on the latest
    trends, technology, and takes initiative to
    advance the security system in an organization.
  2. Penetration Tester Penetration/Pen testers in an
    organization are the designated professionals
    who hack the information security environment to
    evaluate and tighten the security potential. It
    is a simulated attack as that of a hacker, but
    there it is made to determine the
    vulnerabilities and thus safeguard the
    information. The pen testers identify the
    network security issues, policy compliance,
    follow the best-recommended security practices,
    assess the responsiveness, and enhance the
    awareness of the employees. They work with the
    IT department and form an integral part of the
    risk management team. them. And, protects the
    system with countermeasures whenever there is an
    unauthorized attempt by a user.

5. Network Security Engineer This is one of the
most critical positions. Professionals working
as network security engineers are meant to ensure
that all the
  • security systems are implemented within their
    organizations to counter cyber threats. These
    professionals are responsible for maintaining
    systems, identifying eliminating
    vulnerabilities and improving automation. They
    are further supposed to oversee the maintenance
    of the routers, switches, various network
    monitoring tools, firewalls and Virtual Private
    Networks (VPNs). Such professionals make 4 to 8
    lakhs annually as a fresher.
  • Cyber Security Analyst Having such professionals
    in organizations means that they will be an
    added hand in planning, implementations and
    upgrades of the external security systems for
    the IT unit. They further keep a constant check
    on the security access by performing external
    audits to seal the loopholes which can relapse
    the security. Cyber security analysts are also
    responsible for conducting vulnerability tests,
    risk analysis and security assessments and to
    manage the networks and trains the workforce in
    working in the most secured manner that doesn't
    affect the organization with a loss of data while
    they are working.
  • Cyber Security Manager Are responsible for
    maintaining the security protocols throughout
    the organization. Where they further build
    strategies to increase the network and internet
    security that is in relations with the different
    projects and management of the IT team so they
    there is a highest standard of data security.
    Cyber security managers also frequently review
    the security policies to ensure that the policies
    are currently best for new threats. Thus, they
    regularly keep a check on the switches, servers,
    routers and other connected devices to seal the
    loophole if there are any.
  • Security Architect This is the most crucial
    position to have in any organization. This is
    simple because a security architect is
    responsible for designing the network and
    computer security architecture of an
    organization. They further help the IT unit in
    researching, planning, designing and implementing
    the security. Organizations operating without
    security architects will always be at a cyber
    threat. And this is because every security
    architect in their respective organizations
    starts with giving their organization a
    foundation by facilitating it with a design
    depending on the needs of that very organization
    and basis that they work towards building the
    structure of this change along with the

  • programmers. They also prepare a model for the
    organization illustrating how the fellow
    employees of their organizations should be using
    their systems to keep the security intact. This
    is the reason why they get an annual salary of 17
    lakhs to begin their career with.
  • IT Security Engineer The IT Security Engineer is
    responsible for configuring the firewalls,
    detecting the systems, testing and evaluating the
    software/hardware, implementing the new
    technologies, identifying the security solutions,
    implementing the multi-layered defense, and,
    etc. In brief, the IT Security Engineer helps the
    businesses by guarding the sensitive data safe
    against the cyber-criminals and the hackers.
  • Security Systems Administrator A Security System
    Administrator is mainly involved in installing,
    administering, maintaining, and troubleshooting
    the network, computer, and data security
    systems. The security system administrator is in
    charge of the daily operations like monitoring
    of the systems, run backups, user accounts, and,
    etc. A few of the related and similar jobs
    include Network Security Administrator or the IT
    Security Administrator.

11. IT Security Consultant IT Security
Consultant is mainly involved in protecting the
cybersecurity initiatives and objectives of an
organization. Generally, they are hired by small
companies who may not afford to have an in-house
team. The job may involve travelling to the
location of the clients businesses. This is a
broad term used for the job. The specified
available jobs carry the designation like the
Information Security Consultant, Computer
Security Consultant, Database Security
Consultant, and the Network Security
Consultant. These are the generic job positions
according to the industrial needs and involvement
of specific technology, there arise subtle
variations in the careers. Thus, going forward,
if you decide to take up a career in
cybersecurity and looking to gain its IT training
and certifications, then, you are at the right
time to start/enhance your career in
  • You can take up either one of these training for
    getting these kinds of role in the Cybersecurity
    head -
  • Certified Information Security Manager (CISM
    Certification) Is one of the best IT courses in
    cybersecurity. A CISM professional operating in
    this area is responsible for managing,
    developing and overseeing Information Security
    Systems for developing best organizational
    security practices or enterprise-level
    applications. CISM professionals have
    experienced security professionals who have at
    least 5 years of industrial exposure in
    information security that enables them to teach
    fundamental risk assessment skills that are
    extremely needful for the privacy risk
    consultant. Their job and involvement in the
    system has led them to earn an average salary of
  • Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA
    Certification) CISA Certification is one of the
    best IT courses that validates a professional
    with proven ability

  • to identify, assess, evaluate, monitor and
    control the enterprise systems. Considering the
    increasing risks and vulnerabilities in the
    digital era, it has become necessary to employ
    professionals with proven knowledge and skillset
    to audit and control business systems. Where a
    CISA professional is entitled to perform general
    and application control reviews for complex and
    simple computer information this includes system
    development standards, system security, backup
    disaster recovery, programming communication
    controls. This is why a CISA gets an average
    salary of 122,326.
  • Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI
    Certification) CHFI Certification is one of the
    best IT courses that investigate cyberattacks
    from its root. Computer Hacking Forensic
    Investigation as a process is about detecting
    cyberattacks and properly extracting evidence to
    report the crime and auditing that can prevent
    future attacks. CHFI certification equips with
    the knowledge and skills required for uncovering
    and analyzing complex digital evidence in a
    forensically form. Hence, a CHFI professional is
    expected to ensure that they have investigated
    the matter on legal grounds and are admissible.
    This gives a certified CHFI professional the
    ability to ply their trade across a wide range
    of computing environments irrespective of what
    the technology that is. CHFI is one
    certification that is not just being required in
    the IT industry, today professionals having this
    certification are getting commissioned in the
    armed forces like the Military Defenses, legal
    practice, in fact, such professionals are also
    demanded in the banking insurance sector and
    in the cybersecurity firms. Keeping the kind of
    skills that they have these professionals are
    offered an average annual salary of 88,000.
  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH Certification)
    Believe it or not but hackers are one community
    that is highly innovative because they somehow
    find a way to break through your systems and
    exploit the information available on it. These
    tech-savvy people are always proactively looking
    for vulnerabilities on your systems. Since they
    are always finding ways to extract information
    from your systems without getting trapped. Hence,
    CEH professionals have to be extra cautious and
    this is why they use highly sophisticated
    equipment, skills, and techniques to spot the
    system vulnerabilities and filling these needful
    gaps. These professionals are such an integral
    part of an organizations system that they are
    offered an average salary of 150 000. This is
    one of the few courses that

professionals can take up after the 12th. It
perhaps is the perfect course in IT if you are
looking for IT courses online for beginners. 5.
Certified Information Systems Security
Professional (CISSP Certification) CISSP
Certification is one of the best IT courses that
is an advanced- level certification for
professionals serious about careers in
information security. These professionals are
decision-makers possessing expert knowledge and
technical skills necessary to develop, guide and
then manage security standards, policies and
procedures within their organizations. The kind
of knowledge they possess has helped them
generate an annual salary of 119,184. Here are
some facts that a cybersecurity aspirant must
know about the cyber industry which is causing
the industry demand for more and more
cybersecurity personnel in the organizations. In
May 2017 government agencies and organizations
across the globe was attacked by the 'WannaCry
ransomware. This resulted in infecting more than
200,00 computer across 150 countries and all
this happened in just 03 days. The latest numbers
have shown that this resulted in damaging more
than two hundred million dollars. This attack
arose a reality check that led organizations in
In May 2017 government agencies and
organizations across the globe was attacked by
the 'WannaCry ransomware. This resulted in
infecting more than 200,00 computer across 150
countries and all this happened in just 03 days.
The latest numbers have shown that this resulted
in damaging more that two hundred million
dollars. This attack arose a reality check that
led organizations in keeping a regular check on
the vulnerabilities of the data. This even
pushed the government to come up with better and
stronger security laws even towards building
highly secured security systems. This has caused
many organizations to be aware about the perils
of the cybersecurity loopholes in their systems
and take a step toward safeguarding it better
and in a more refined manner. The most
interesting fact amongst all of this is that in
the IT sector there is a massive shortage of
cybersecurity. In 2019, NASSCOM shared that India
alone would be requiring one billion
cybersecurity professionals in 2020. In fact
portals like have added
to this theory where they've reported that there
is a rise in demand for cybersecurity
professionals by 150. In fact, ISC2 also
contributed to this where they declared that
across the globe 145 of workforce would be
needed which means around 3 million
professionals. This is one of the reasons why
giants like KPMG have doubled the size of their
cybersecurity team. Ashok Pamidi (senior
director of NASSCOM) Shared that since the
government has pushed the concept of 'Digital
India' and even Demonetizations has led
organizations to transform into digitally. This
transformation has helped in their operations in
a huge manner it even has shared with newly
transformed organizations with the
vulnerabilities which they had no clue about
previously. That has gotten them vulnerable to
cyber- attacks. This is one of the most
significant reasons why there's such a demand for
cybersecurity professionals. The market is so
short of cybersecurity experienced professionals
that organizations are ready to pay over ? 1.5
to 4 crore to top talent. This is one thing that
has increased the cybersecurity budget by 71 as
been observed and reported by PwC in 2016.Read
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