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Home Remedies for Headache - Causes, Symptoms, Types, prevention


Headache is one of the most common health issues that everyone suffers. Here you can learn home remedies for headache can cure naturally at home and also find types, causes, and symptoms of headache – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Home Remedies for Headache - Causes, Symptoms, Types, prevention

Home Remedies for Headache - Causes, Symptoms,
Types, prevention
  • Headaches are one among the most common health
    issue that most people experience at some time of
    their lives. The disease occurs regardless of
    age, race, and gender. WHO reports, almost half
    of all adults experience headaches in any year.
  • A headache symbolizes a sign of stress or
    emotional distress. It can happen as a result of
    any underlying medical condition such as
    migraine, high blood pressure, anxiety or
    depression. People with prolonged migraine
    headaches get affected with their regular
  • There are different types of headaches, and the
    causes and symptoms can vary from person to
    person. Although most of the symptoms are
    short-lived, identifying the exact cause can
    treat the headache.

What are the causes of a Headache?
  • Primary headaches
  • These headaches are a stand-alone illness which
    is just caused due to overactivity or problems
    related to the head. This includes blood vessels,
    muscles, and nerves of the neck and head. The
    list of primary headaches includes migraines,
    cluster headaches, and tension headaches.
  • Secondary headaches

These headaches happen due to the result of other
medical conditions. These include,
  • Brain tumor
  • Alcohol-induced hangover
  • Blood clots
  • Bleeding in or around the brain
  • "Brain freeze," or ice-cream headaches
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Dehydration
  • Glaucoma
  • Teeth-grinding at night
  • Influenza
  • Excess usage of pain medications, this condition
    is called rebound headaches.
  • Panic attacks
  • Stroke
  • As headaches occur as a symptom of any serious
    disorder, it is important to identify the exact
    underlying cause and treat accordingly. If a
    headache is more powerful and fails to resolve
    even after medicine intake medical advice should
    be taken.

What are the different types of Headaches?
1. Migraines
  • Migraines fall under the category of primary
    headaches and are often characterized by visual
    disturbances. The symptom includes intense
    throbbing pain on just one side of the head. The
    individual also experiences sensitivity to light,
    sound, and smell. Nausea and vomiting can be an
    associated symptom.
  • Before the onset of migraine, most of the
    individuals experience visual and sensory
    irritations. This can last up to 60minutes. They
  • Partial loss of vision
  • Numbness
  • Muscle weakness
  • Irritated feeling
  • Difficulty in speaking

  • Migraines tend to happen recurrently, and each
    attack of headaches may last up to 3 days. For
    some people, it is a life-long condition.
    Although migraine occurs in all age groups and
    both the genders, it is more likely to develop in
    females. Attack frequency can vary from person to
    person may occur from several times to once a

  • The exact causes of migraine are not fully
    understood. It may run in families. Migraines can
    also be happening as with few pre-existing
    conditions such as depression and epilepsy.
    Also, a few other conditions that trigger the
    existence of migraine include
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Sleep disruption
  • Hormonal changes
  • Skipped meals
  • Dehydration
  • Some foods and medications
  • Bright lights and loud noise

2. Tension headaches
  • Tension headache is one of the commonest
    headaches which people, might face occasionally.
    Dull and constant pain will be felt on both sides
    of the head. Other signs of a tension headache
  • Tenderness in the face, head, neck, and shoulders
  • A feeling of pressure behind the eyes
  • Sensitivity to light and sound

  • Tension headaches last for 30minutes to few
    hours. Till date, the cause of tension headaches
    is unclear. But factors like stress, anxiety, and
    depression are common triggers. Other potential
    causes are
  • Dehydration
  • Loud noise
  • Lack of exercise
  • Poor sleep
  • Bad posture
  • Skipped meals
  • Eye strain
  • Lifestyle changes like getting enough sleep,
    regular exercise, managing anxiety, and some home
    remedies can prevent tension headaches.

3. Cluster headaches
  • Cluster headaches are severe and happen
    recurrently. The headache causes more pain and a
    burning sensation behind the eyes. The
    occurrence rate is more in men compared to women
  • Other symptoms can include
  • Watery eye
  • Swollen eyelid
  • Blocked or a runny nose
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Restlessness or irritation
  • Cluster headaches occur suddenly without any
    warning. The attack lasts for 15minutes to
    3hours. The headache may persist from weeks to
    months. The real cause of cluster headaches is
    unclear but they are more common in smokers.

4. Exertional headaches
  • Exertional headaches happen due to strenuous
    physical exercise. This may happen due to
  • Excess running
  • Jumping
  • Weight lifting
  • Sexual intercourse
  • These headaches occur for very less time but can
    sometimes last up to 3 days. Throbbing pain will
    be felt throughout the head and are mostly common
    in those with family history of migraine.

5. Hypnic headaches
  • A hypnic headache occurs in the upper age group.
    They are commonly seen in the age of 50s. They
    are called as alarm clock headaches, because they
    wake up the people during night due to excess
    pain. The common symptom is mild-to-moderate
    throbbing pain that is usually felt on both the
    sides of head. It can also be associated with
    nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. Even
    though the cause of hypnic headache is not found,
    people may experience several attacks each week.

Secondary Headaches
  • A secondary headache happens as a result of any
    medical condition.

1. Medication-overuse headaches
  • Due to long and frequent usage of medications or
    supplements headaches can occur. Medicines like
    opioids, acetaminophen, sumatriptan, NSAIDs such
    as aspirin and ibuprofen can be added in the
    list. Headache disappears in 10days.
  • Additional symptoms include
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Increased heart rate
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Restlessness, anxiety, and nervousness
  • Most people revert to their original headache
    pattern within 2 months. After this, it should be
    safe to start retaking pain relief medication.

2. Sinus Headaches
  • Swelling in the sinuses leads to sinus headaches
    or sinusitis. Sinusitis may be a result of
    infection or allergy. Throbbing ache around eyes,
    cheeks and foreheads are the most common
    symptoms. In worse cases, the pain may spread to
    teeth and jaws. Thick green or yellow nasal
    discharge is also accompanied by sinus headaches.
  • Other symptoms may include, nasal blockage,
    heaviness in the head, fever, nausea etc.

3. Caffeine-related Headaches
  • Heavy consumption of caffeine, more than 400
    milligrams can result in headache. In
    individuals, who consume more than 200mg of
    caffeine over 2 weeks, the withdrawal may cause
    migraine like headaches. The symptoms associated
    with this headache are
  • Tiredness
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Poor mood or irritability
  • Nausea
  • The effect may vary from person to person.
    Limiting caffeine consumption can help to resolve
    the problem.

4. Head-injury headaches
  • Any head injury can lead to headaches. They
    either develop immediately or soon after. Minor
    injuries to head and neck are common and nothing
    to worry.
  • Anyone who experiences persistent or worsening
    headaches should visit a doctor. In case of
    emergencies, ambulance should be called. Any
    symptoms mentioned below also requires immediate
    medical care. They are
  • Unconsciousness
  • Seizures
  • Vomiting
  • Memory loss
  • Confusion
  • Vision or hearing problems
  • Post-traumatic headaches develop after months of
    original head injury, which is usually difficult
    to diagnose. They can show up daily or may
    persist for a long period of time

5. Menstrual Headaches
  • Headaches occurs often in relation to changes in
    hormone levels. In most of the women, migraine is
    associated with periods due to natural variations
    in estrogen levels. They may develop in the days
    just before or during menstrual flow or sometimes
    during the ovulation. Symptoms are similar to
    migraine but can last longer and can be more
  • The headaches related with hormone can also be
    due to,
  • Oral contraceptives
  • The menopause
  • Pregnancy

6. Hangover Headaches
  • Consuming excess amount of alcohol can lead to
    throbbing headaches the next day or even later.
    These can be felt on both sides of the head and
    can become worse by movement. Hangover headaches
    are usually associated with nausea and
    sensitivity to light.
  • Drinking plenty of water can relieve hangovers
    caused due to alcohol. Usually, the symptoms of
    hangovers tend to subside within 72 hours.

Symptoms of Headache
  • The common symptoms associated with headaches
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain felt in the eyes when looking into bright
    lights (photophobia)
  • Dizziness
  • Vertigo
  • Tenderness of the scalp
  • Tightness sensation in the head
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Loss of appetite
  • Paleness
  • Fever(rare)
  • Fatigue

Home Remedies for Headaches
1. Peppermint Oil Application
  • Apply 3drops of peppermint oil over the temples
    and corners of your forehead. Alternatively, the
    application of coconut oil can also be chosen for
    application. This can be done whenever there is
    an occurrence of headaches.
  • While there arent many studies to confirm the
    efficacy of peppermint oil, researches have
    provided enough evidence that the oil helps to
    control blood flow in the body and helps to open
    up the sinuses for better oxygen flow. Many
    reports have come across showing relief in
    migraine and other types of headaches.

2. Ginger
  • Fresh ginger is collected and cleaned. 1-2 inches
    of sliced ginger should be boiled in a cup of hot
    water and allowed to cool down for a while. Drink
    the warm tea. This can be taken twice daily.
  • Administration of ginger helps in reducing the
    pain of migraine headaches.

3. Application of Rasanadi choorna paste over the
  • Rasnadi choorna should be mixed with plain water
    and need to be made to a fine paste. This paste
    should be applied over the forehead and allow it
    to dry.
  • Rasnadi choorna is a widely available herbal
    powder which is a combination of more than 10
    Ayurveda drugs. The main ingredient being Rasna
    is an effective analgesic which alleviates the
    severity of persistent headaches. They also have
    a significant anti-inflammatory property which
    helps to treat recurrent sinusitis and allergic

4. Massage
  • Massage therapy has been found to be very
    beneficial for headaches. Massage the scalp and
    forehead with chandanadi taila, ksheerabala
    taila, Eucalyptus oil, etc. Massage to the neck,
    spinal, and upper thoracic regions can provide
    great relief in pain associated with migraines.
  • Massage helps to increase the blood flow in these
    regions and thereby provides good relief in

5. Application of an Ice pack or Cold Compress
  • Place an ice pack or cold compress over the sides
    of your head that are aching. Press or hold it
    there for 30minutes. This can be repeated 2times
    per day.
  • The compress helps to reduce the inflammation,
    relives the pain and helps to better the

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