Cat Scratch Fever In Cats: Diagnosis & Prevention | BudgetVetCare - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cat Scratch Fever In Cats: Diagnosis & Prevention | BudgetVetCare

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Cat Scratch Fever is transmitted to cats from flea feces. This doesn't cause any severe complications to cats, but its owner is at a huge risk. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cat Scratch Fever In Cats: Diagnosis & Prevention | BudgetVetCare


1
Cat Scratch Fever
2
  • Cat scratch fever, also known as cat scratch
    disease (CSD), is caused by bacteria named
    Bartonella henselae.
  • The disease is transmitted to the cat through
    flea feces that is present on the cats skin.
    Thus, when the cat grooms himself, he ingests the
    bacteria and becomes infected.
  • Although it doesnt cause any severe
    complications to cats other than fever, muscle
    pain or swollen glands, its owner is at a huge
    risk of getting infected with cat scratch fever.
    The disease can be transmitted to humans through
    just a scratch, lick or a bite.

3
What is Bartonella?
4
  • Bartonella organisms are very sneaky in nature.
  • They are not easily caught as they gradually
    reproduce by hiding in the circulating blood
    cells and blood vessels in fewer numbers.
  • Fleas, spiders, ticks, and lice are known to
    transmit the disease to other animals and
    eventually humans.

5
 Some common symptoms of the disease
6
  • Swollen glands
  • Fever
  • Lethargic
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting/diarrhea
  • Nasal and eye discharge
  • Sneezing
  • Inflammation in the mouth and gums

7
Diagnosis of Cat Scratch Fever
  • To get an exact diagnosis, your vet will need to
    run a few tests. He will require a complete
    medical history of your cat and if he has been
    infested with fleas or ticks in the past few
    months.

8
  • The vet might run a Western Blot test in your cat
    which assesses the antibodies in the system
    against the bacteria. The test needs to be sent
    to a laboratory and the results usually arrive
    within a few days.

9
  • Another possible diagnostic test is ELISA
    testing. ELISA stands for enzyme-linked
    immunosorbent assay and its similar to Western
    Blot but takes lesser time to get the results.

10
Treating Cat Scratch Fever
11
  • The treatments are not very complex. Usually, the
    treatment consists of a few doses of antibiotics
    and some rest. Bartonella is gram-negative
    bacteria.
  • Hence, its difficult to treat it with
    antibiotics that have low power. To cure this
    disease, intense antibiotics are administered to
    the cat for about three weeks to remove the
    disease from its roots.

12
How to Prevent Cat Scratch Fever?
13
  • If your cat was treated for cat scratch fever,
    ensure that he doesnt come in contact with any
    parasites, otherwise, he has a chance of getting
    contaminated again. Moreover, administering flea
    and tick preventives will protect your cat from
    catching this disease.

14
  • Frontline Plus is the most effective flea and
    tick treatment for cats. It protects your kitty
    from those annoying parasites for a full month.
    Hence, this treatment will not only be beneficial
    against parasites but itll also protect your pet
    from the diseases caused by them.

15
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