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Title: All About Braces – vyom dental care


1
All ABOUT BRACES
2
WHY DO WE NEED BRACES?
3
  • Makes your teeth look great again.
  • Helps in eliminating of having difficulty to
    pronounce certain sounds due
  • to poor alignment.
  • Helps in curing imperfection arising due to
    crooked, crowded twisted
  • teeth or having jaw malocclusion or improper
    bite syndrome.
  • Visible changes in the smile pattern.
  • Orthodontic treatment involves straightening of
    crooked, crowded or
  • protruded teeth, close gaps between teeth
    correction of the bite so that
  • when the mouth is closed the top bottom
    meet together.

4
TYPES OF BRACES FOR TEETH
5
  • Fixed Braces Conventional non-removable that
    are fixed to tooth
  • with wires.
  • Removable Braces Useful in limited tooth
    movements removable
  • while cleaning, eating other activities.
  • Functional Braces - Useful in treating problems
    with jaw teeth
  • positions.
  • Headgear Device worn to hold the back teeth in
    position while the
  • frontal ones are treated or to bring them in
    position.

6
BRACES CLASSIFICATION
  • Metal Braces - Constructed of high quality
    stainless steel brackets an
  • arch wire which goes through the brackets
    and puts a uniform force.
  • Ceramic Braces - Made up of white ceramic wires
    and brackets. As strong
  • as metal braces but are invisible on teeth
    and hence provide better face
  • visuals.
  • Lingual Braces Known as inside braces as they
    are attached to the inside
  • of the teeth.
  • Invisalign Braces Just like transparent mouth
    guards which athletes from
  • combat sports wear most modern solutions
    in orthodontic issues.

7
TEETH BRACES AGE LIMIT
8
  • Ideally age for braces considered around 12 or
    13 as the teeth are not fully
  • grown and bone formation is still under
    process.
  • Adults have more limited opportunities to
    improve as the bones teeth are
  • done growing and developing. Might have to
    wear braces for longer period of
  • time compared to a teenager.
  • Depending on the goals of treatment, many
    adults can get the smile they
  • want in year and less.

9
FOOD HABITS WITH BRACES
10
  • Avoid hard and chewy foods like meat, nuts and
    candy.
  • Breads, Cooked veggies, pulpy fruits can be
    eaten easily.
  • Avoid foods with high colour like caramel, soft
    drinks and turmeric to reduce
  • the risk of stained teeth.
  • Foods with sweeteners erode the enamel of teeth,
    making them yellowish and
  • hence should be avoided.
  • Children to be strictly discouraged chewing upon
    pencils and hard stuffs.


11
Foods To Eat Foods To Avoid
Cereals, Oatmeal Candy, Caramel
Breads, Muffins, Waffles Ice Cream
Pancakes, wheat toast Cake, Cookies
Pasta/noodles Pie
Rice Soft Drinks/Pop/Soda
Saltine crackers in soup Toast, crackers, and hard cereal
Applesauce Anything with dried fruits, nuts or other seeds
Canned fruit Corn on the cob, uncooked potatoes, hard chips
Cooked/baked fruits Bagels, French bread, sourdough bread
Soft fruits with no skin (bananas, peaches, watermelon) Pizza breads or crust
Soft, cooked veggies Popcorn
12
Foods To Eat Foods To Avoid
Eggs (poached, scrambled, or hard/soft boiled) Peas
Easy to chew meat, like fish, chopped/ground poultry, bacon Carrots (uncooked)
Small pieces of meat in soup Hard, unmashed, raw vegetables
Tofu Hard fruits, like whole apples, raw carrots
Baked beans Stringy fruits, like pineapple and mango
Cheese (thinly sliced, melted) Steak
Cottage or ricotta cheese Beef jerky
Milk and milkshakes Bacon
Ice cream Sausage
Yogurt Hot dogs
Pudding Peanut butter
13
BRACES FOR KIDS
14
  • Braces requirement in children due to crooked
    teeth, crowding, overlapping
  • teeth or bad bite.
  • Problem caused due to baby teeth lost soon, any
    accidents or injury or
  • thumb sucking habits.
  • Can start the treatment once the problem is
    figured out like crowding or
  • irregular teeth.
  • Traditional braces for kids available in many
    colours and shades making
  • them attractive.
  • Teeth should be brushed regularly after every
    meal and special kind of
  • brushes and flosses should be used.
  • In case of pain or broken braces, an over the
    top pain reliever can be taken.


15
BRACES FOR ADULTS
16
  • Braces can be fitted at any age of the time for
    adults.
  • Visit orthodontist in case of toothache, gum
    diseases, crooked smile or jaw
  • and ear pain.
  • Might have to consider surgery as bones are done
    growing in adults.
  • Process may take longer than a child, however it
    depends of case to case
  • basis.
  • Do consult with a regular dentist first so that
    there is no complications due to
  • bone remodelling or bone loss.
  • Braces can affect pregnancy in females.

17
BRACES TREATMENT DURATION
18
  • Different on case to case basis.
  • Generally it takes between one to three years to
    take braces off.
  • Depends on the types of treatment i.e.
    conventional braces takes
  • more time than lingual or Invisalign braces.
  • Age Young patients tends to achieve quicker
    result than their older
  • counterpart.
  • Case complexity Mild misalignment will take
    less time compared to
  • overcrowding or under bite and over bite
    issues.
  • Patient Compliance also depends on how well
    the patient takes
  • care of the treatment.

19
Braces Process
20
  • A thorough pre check-up is required in first
    visit to plan the working of
  • braces.
  • Orthodontist will thoroughly examine the teeth,
    mouth jaw.
  • X-rays of the mouth required to better
    understand current laying positions of
  • the teeth.
  • Might take a mould of your teeth and make a cast
    to decide how to make the
  • braces which can withstand the required
    pressure on each tooth.
  • Installation is not a painful process these days
    due to technological
  • advances.
  • Can take normal pain relievers if you fill a
    dull throbbing or soreness.

21
BRACES WORKING
22
  • Works by putting constant pressure to the teeth
    and thus moving them
  • gradually in the required position.
  • Pressure is applied through arch wire attached
    to the bracket which transfers
  • the force to the teeth.
  • Sometimes rubber bands or spacers or springs are
    added to gain more force
  • on the particularly stubborn teeth.
  • Brackets are attached to the teeth based on pre
    check-up cast along with the
  • insertion of wires.
  • A narrow and flexible wire will be used to join
    the brackets in the initial stages.
  • As teeth start to become straighter, thicker
    arch wire is used to assert higher
  • pressure on the teeth and align them in proper
    position.

23
ADVANTAGES OF BRACES
  • Straightening of teeth helps the patient with
    dental problems as well as
  • raises a confident smile.
  • Proper Alignment of teeth that are crooked.
  • Bringing the teeth closer and reducing the gap.
  • Prevents chipping and overly worn teeth due to
    uneven jaws or over-bite
  • and under-bite.
  • Prevents gum diseases by spacing the teeth
    properly and making space
  • available for flossing and cleaning.
  • Prevents jaw-weakness and muscle pain resulting
    from
  • misaligned teeth.

24
CLEANING TEETH WITH BRACES
25
  • Regularly brushing the teeth after meals will
    keep food from becoming
  • stuck in the brackets or between the wires.
  • May require special floss which helps flossing
    between the teeth and
  • wire and around the braces.
  • Before brushing, rinse off your mouth with water
    so as to loosen any
  • stuck food particles.
  • Brush your each tooth individually by moving
    your brush in circular
  • motion at a 45-degree angle from gum line for
    10 seconds with gentle
  • pressure.
  • Make sure to brush your tongue and the roof of
    your mouth as well.

26
HOW TO WHITEN TEETH AFTER BRACES?
  • If lingual or invisible braces are worn,
    whitening products will
  • work much as they do for people without
    braces.
  • With the conventional braces it is not at all
    suitable to use
  • whitening products since a part of teeth is
    covered with glue
  • and bracket.
  • Salt rinsing, baking soda brushing can be
    effective with
  • conventional braces.
  • Using good fluoride toothpastes and mouthwashes
    along with a
  • regular brushing and flossing schedule will
    also help in keeping
  • the tooth in up-to date condition.

27
Teeth removal for Braces
28
  • A tooth removal may be necessary if there is
    less space available.
  • In adults, the bone and teeth are formed very
    well and they cannot
  • be moved to create space. The only ways are
    surgery or a tooth
  • removal.
  • When the childs jaw development hasnt met the
    speed of the
  • tooth maturation, crowding occurs. Teeth
    twist into unusual
  • positions so that they can accommodate all of
    the erupting teeth
  • around them. Extractions are necessary in
    such cases.
  • Apart from it when there is an impacted tooth,
    i.e. it is a permanent
  • tooth that wants to come out but cant because
    of presence of
  • lower teeth, it is generally extracted and
    then aligned properly.

29
For more Dental Help related to
Braces http//www.vyomdentalcare.com/ Vyom
Orthodontics Dental Care 7/B-1, Vivekanand
Society,Mahalaxmi Panch Rasta, PaldiAhmedabad
380007 Call us at (91) 079-26672458, 079-26670720
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