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Kidney Transplant in India

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Title: Kidney Transplant in India


1
Kidney Transplant in India Human Kidney is a
vital organ in purifying blood. What happens when
your kidneys fails or stop functioning? This
could lead to a serious damage and eventually to
death. So when kidney fails you will have only
two options one is Kidney Transplant and other is
Kidney Dialysis. The article on Kidney
Transplant In India has intended to provide
information about Kidney transplant Process,
Donation, Operation or surgery, cost, Hospitals,
Life expectancy.
WHAT IS A KIDNEY TRANSPLANT? When you receive a
kidney transplant, a healthy kidney is placed in
your body to do the work that your own kidneys
cannot do anymore. On the positive side, there
are fewer limits on what you can drink and eat,
but you should follow a healthy diet. Your
health should improve. In fact, a successful
kidney transplant can allow you to live the kind
of life you lived before having kidney disease.
Studies show that people who have had a kidney
transplant live longer than those who remain on
dialysis. On the negative side, there is the
risk of surgery. You will also need to take
anti-rejection medications as long as your new
kidney works, which can have side effects. You
will have a higher risk of infections and
certain types of cancer. Although most
transplants are successful and last for many
years, their duration may vary from person to
person. Many people will need more than one
kidney transplant in their lifetime.
  • KIDNEY DISEASE
  • When the kidneys stop functioning, kidney failure
    occurs. If this renal failure persists
    (chronically), this results in end-stage renal
    failure, accompanied by an accumulation of toxic
    waste in the body. In this case, transplantation
    or dialysis is necessary.
  • REASON FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE
  • Serious anatomic problems of the urinary system
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetic

2
TREATMENTS FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE The
treatments for end-stage renal failure are
hemodialysis, a mechanical method of cleaning
blood from waste peritoneal dialysis, in which
waste is removed by passing chemical solutions
through the abdominal cavity and kidney
transplantation. However, while none of these
treatments cure end-stage kidney disease, a
transplant offers the closest thing to a normal
life because the transplanted kidney can replace
the failing kidneys. However, it also involves a
lifetime addiction to drugs to keep the new
kidney healthy. Some of these medications can
have serious side effects. Some kidney patients
are considering a transplant after dialysis
begins others consider it before starting
dialysis. In certain circumstances, dialysis
patients who also have serious medical problems
such as cancer or active infections may not be
suitable candidates for a kidney
transplant. KIDNEY DONATION Kidneys for
transplant come from two different sources a
living donor or a deceased donor. THE LIVING
DONOR Sometimes family members, including
parents, a spouse, close friend, aunts, uncles,
children (18 years and older), cousins, sisters,
brothers may wish to donate a kidney. This person
is called a living donor. The donor must be in
excellent health, knowledgeable about the
transplant and be able to give informed consent.
Anyone in good health can give a kidney
safely. DONOR DECEASED A deceased donor kidney
comes from someone who has suffered brain death.
The law allows everyone to consent to organ
donation for transplantation at the time of death
and allows families to also provide such
permission. After donation authorization is
granted, the kidneys are removed and stored until
a recipient has been selected. A more detailed
version will be explained in Section
10. ASSESSMENT PROCESS OF TRANSPLANTATION Regar
dless of the type of kidney transplant deceased
donor or living donor special blood tests are
needed to determine what type of blood and tissue
is present. These test results help match a donor
kidney to the recipient. BLOOD TYPE TEST The
first test establishes the type of blood. There
are four types of blood O, AB, B, and A.
Everyone fits into one of these inherited
groups. The recipient and the donor must have
either the compatible group or same blood groups
unless they are participating in a special
program to donate one blood group to another.
The list below shows the compatible types
3
  • If the blood group of the recipient is type A,
    the blood type must be A or O
  • If the blood group of the recipient is B, the
    blood type of the donor must be B or O
  • If the blood group of the recipient is O, the
    blood group should be O
  • If the blood group of the recipient is AB, the
    blood group can be A, B, AB or O
  • The blood type AB is the easiest to match because
    this individual accepts all other types of blood.
  • Blood type O is the hardest to match. Although O
    blood group persons can give to all types, they
    can only receive kidneys from type O blood
    donors. For example, if a patient with blood
    group O receives a kidney from a donor blood
    group. type A, the body will recognize the
    donors kidney as foreign and destroy it.
  • TISSUE TYPING
  • The second test, which is a blood test for human
    leukocyte antigens (HLA), which is also called as
    tissue typing. Antigens are markers found on
    many cells of the body that distinguish each
    individual as unique. These markers are
    inherited from parents. Both potential donors and
    recipients have tissue typing performed during
    the assessment process.
  • Receiving a kidney where the donor markers and
    the recipient markers are all the same is a
    perfect kidney. Perfect transplants have the
    best chance of working for many years. The most
    perfect kidney transplants come from brothers
    and sisters.
  • Although tissue typing is performed despite a
    partial or absent HLA match with some degree of

4
IGKC is a super specialty hospital which
commenced operations in the year 2014 and is
located in the heart of Bhubaneswar, the temple
town and capital of Odisha. The hospitals
clinical staffs include strong team of highly
qualified well established locally and in zone
and extremely well experienced
Consultants. Address N-1, plot no 1460/61 IRC
Village,Nayapalli, Bhubaneswar-15
ASIAN INSTITUTE OF NEPHROLOGY AND UROLOGY Asian
Institute of Nephrology and Urology (AINU) is a
world class, single-specialty, renal sciences
hospital in Hyderabad. It was established in the
year 2013. AINU is among the few urology and
nephrology-focused tertiary care hospitals in
South India, offering a full suite of medical and
surgical services, day care services and
supporting services. It is one of the youngest
hospitals in the country to achieve NABH
accreditation, within two years from its
inception. Address Asian Institute of
Nephrology and Urology Shop No.
6-3-562/A, Behind MORE Megastore, Erram Manzil
Colony, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, India- 500082.
PACE HOSPITALS PACE Hospitals is a super
specialty hospital focused on tertiary care
services in the field of Medical and Surgical
Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Nephrology,
Urology, GI Oncology and Andrology in Hyderabad,
Telangana, India. Address Pace
Hospitals Hitech City Beside Avasa Hotel,
5
Pillar No. 18, Hyderabad 500081
PREETI UROLOGY AND KIDNEY HOSPITAL Preeti
Hospital is one of Hyderabads best kidney
hospitals, located at KPHB Kukatpally, which has
advanced technologies to treat patients. The
pre-urology and kidney hospital always provide
the right balance between staff training,
patient care and research to meet the needs of
its patients. The Pre- Emergency and Kidney
Hospital in Hyderabad also has equipment and
permission needed for kidney transplantation. Ad
dress MIG 1, 307, Road No.4, KPHB, Hyderabad-72.
KIDNEY TRANSPLANT COST IN INDIA Kidney transplant
cost in New-Delhi Minimum 3,50,000 INR to
Maximum9,00,000 INR Kidney transplant cost in
Mumbai Minimum 4,00,000 INR to
Maximum10,00,000 INR Kidney transplant cost in
Bangalore Minimum 4,30,000 INR to
Maximum9,00,000 INR Kidney transplant cost in
Hyderabad Minimum 3,50,000 INR to
Maximum8,90,000 INR Kidney transplant cost in
Chennai Minimum 3,50,000 INR to
Maximum8,50,000 INR
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