Scientific Names of Organisms in a Medical Dissertation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Scientific Names of Organisms in a Medical Dissertation

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How to Present the Scientific Names of Organisms in a Medical Dissertation? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 4 January 2019
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Title: Scientific Names of Organisms in a Medical Dissertation


1
How to Present the Scientific Names of Organisms
in a Medical Dissertation?
2
Scientific names of organisms
  • Medical dissertation commonly uses the scientific
    names of various organisms, be it a plant,
    animal, or any other organism.  Such names are
    always expressed in the Latin language and
    consist of two parts like Homo sapiens for
    humans.
  • The first part, Homo, is a noun which means man
    and the second part, sapiens, is its adjective
    which means wise.
  • Rigid rules and conventions are present in the
    field of science for expressing the names of the
    organisms. 

3
  • Various systems govern the nomenclature of
    organisms, such as the International Code of
    Zoological Nomenclature, the International Code
    of Nomenclature of Bacteria, and the
    International Code of Nomenclature for algae,
    fungi, and plants.
  • Thus, a doctorate student must be aware of how to
    present the scientific names of the organisms in
    their medical dissertation.
  • This is because incorrect representation of the
    scientific names will lead to the rejection of
    your dissertation, and cost you your doctorate
    degree.

4
Let see the accepted style to present the
scientific names of organisms
5
  • Capitalization When you use the Latin name of
    the organism, the first part represents the
    genus, and always starts with a capital letter.
    The second part is the name of the species and
    always starts with a small letter. E.g. Ocimum
    sanctum (tulsi), Felis catus (cat) and so on.
  • Please note when you use MS Word to write
    your medical dissertation, it considers this dot
    as a full-stop and automatically capitalises the
    next letter. Check it and change to the desired
    format before submitting your dissertation.

6
2.Italics Although you must write the scientific
names in italics, if the surrounding text is also
in italics, then write the names in the normal,
upright form. 3.Abbreviations Authors commonly
use the complete name at the first mention and
then onwards abbreviate the name of the genus to
the initial letter, such as the common species of
wheat is Triticum aestivum Macaroni wheat is T.
turgidum.
7
4.Referring to unspecified species At times
authors refer to one or more species without
specifying its exact name i.e. without giving the
second part of the Latin name. In such cases, it
is acceptable to use sp. (singular) or spp.
(plural) in your content. E.g. several Triticum
spp. were compared or the collection included
two specimens of Zingiber officinale, three of
Mangifera indica, and one of Citrus sp.  The
species word which is abbreviated is not used
in italics but in a normal format and always ends
with the dot.
8
Hope, you will pay attention to these minute
details while writing the scientific names of
organisms in your medical dissertation.
9
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