Types of Mental Illness - Main Groups of Mental Disorders - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Types of Mental Illness - Main Groups of Mental Disorders

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Though mental disorders are quite common, most of us are either unaware of them or don’t realise how dangerous they can be if left untreated. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 25 October 2018
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Title: Types of Mental Illness - Main Groups of Mental Disorders


1
Types of Mental Illness - Main Groups of Mental
Disorders
Types of Mental Illness- Main Groups of Mental
Disorders
Types of Mental Illness- Main Groups of Mental
Disorders
Types of Mental Illness- Main Groups of Mental
Disorders
2
About Mental Disorder
  • With about 56 million Indians suffering from
    depression and 38 million from anxiety disorders,
    India is undergoing a severe mental health
    crisis, says a WHO report. These are mental
    disorders and are characterised by problems
    associated with ones mind and mood. They can
    affect your social, professional, and personal
    activities and behaviour.
  • Though mental disorders are quite common, most of
    us are either unaware of them or dont realise
    how dangerous they can be if left untreated. It
    has been observed that people with some degree of
    mental illness do not bother to get treatment or
    are not given the treatment they require due to
    social constraints. An estimated 26 are actually
    afraid of being mentally ill. This makes it
    essential to recognise any unusual behaviour in
    your loved ones and give them the right treatment
    so that they can lead a healthy life.

3
Anxiety Disorder
  • Mental disorders are classified into more than
    200 types, but here are some of the most commonly
    found mental disorders you must know about
  • One of the most widespread mental disorders that
    is often considered just a symptom is anxiety
    disorder. It is a disorder in which you may
    respond with fear or horror in certain
    situations. Symptoms include panic, rapid
    heartbeat, excessive sweating, and restlessness.
    Additionally, being unable to control your
    response could disturb your normal activities.
    Panic disorder, phobia etc. are some of the types
    of panic disorders.
  • The inability to focus on one task and being
    hyperactive or impulsive corresponds to Attention
    Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It may
    occur in children as well as adults.

4
Mood Disorder
  • Mood disorder is characterized by extreme
    fluctuations in mood, ranging from extreme
    happiness to sudden intense sadness. You may be
    very happy at one moment but can suddenly become
    sad the next. Commonly seen mood disorders
    include depression, bipolar disorder, etc.

5
Eating Disorder
  • Eating disorder is a type of mental disorder
    where you resort to eating or not eating as a
    coping mechanism. This means you either eat a lot
    or eat nothing at all during emotional periods of
    your life. Anorexia or low appetite and
    binge-eating disorders are the most common.

6
Psychotic disorders
  • Psychotic disorders correspond to disturbed
    awareness as well as thinking by a person that
    can cause hallucinations or delusions. An apt
    example of the psychotic disorder is
    schizophrenia.

7
Impulse Control Disorder
  • Impulse control disorder results in a person not
    being able to control the urge or impulse to
    perform activities that can either harm them or
    others, such as compulsive gambling, kleptomania
    (stealing), etc.

8
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) can
    continuously keep you surrounded by some thoughts
    or fears (obsessions) that force you to perform
    certain activities or rituals again and again
    (compulsions). One of the most common examples is
    frequent hand-washing due to fear of germs.

9
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) 
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) usually
    occurs after a traumatic event that can be
    physical or emotional, e.g. physical or sexual
    assault, natural disaster, sudden loss of a loved
    one, etc. These events leave a long-lasting
    effect on the mind and make the sufferer
    emotionally numb afterwards.

10
Postpartum Depression
  • Childbirth is exhausting and can sometimes bring
    about an unexpected depression. Though this phase
    of life brings joy, if there are more episodes of
    sadness, then it can be due to postpartum
    depression. It mainly affects mothers, but
    fathers arent immune to it either, during or
    after childbirth.
  • Untreated depression kills over 7 lakh people
    across the world every year. So, take care of
    yourself and your loved ones, and keep a lookout
    for signs of mental illnesses. Remember, these
    can be managed if diagnosed in time. Make health
    check-ups a part of your life so that you can
    live healthy and carefree.

11
For Original Source Visit here
https//www.lalpathlabs.com/blog/are-you-aware-of-
these-types-of-mental-disorders/
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