Short Bowel Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Short Bowel Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment

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Short Bowel Syndrome is a disorder that occurs when a large portion of the intestine does not work normally. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Short Bowel Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment


1
Short Bowel Syndrome
2
Short Bowel Syndrome
  • Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a disorder that
    occurs when a large portion of the intestine does
    not work normally. This can occur if a large
    section of the intestine has been surgically
    extracted or if a baby is born with an abnormally
    short intestine. Complications of short bowel
    syndrome
  • Child does not gain weight (sometimes labeled
    failure to thrive)
  • Dehydration
  • Vitamin deficiencies as a result of poor
    absorption in the intestine
  • Ulcers from excess stomach acid
  • Bacterial overgrowth in areas of dilated
    intestine
  • Kidney stones or gallstones due to poor
    absorption of calcium or bile
  • Liver disease

3
Causes of short bowel syndrome
  • When present at birth, short bowel syndrome can
    be caused by
  • Narrowing or obstruction of the intestines
  • Abnormally short small intestine
  • Short bowel syndrome (SBS) can occur as a result
    of surgery
  • NEC (necrotizing enterocolitis) in babies
  • Twisting of the intestine (volvulus)
  • Intestinal resection for Crohns disease
  • Removing part of the intestine for other reasons
    (tumors, abnormal blood supply, strictures, etc.)

4
Other issues
  • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction or abnormal
    motility of the bowel
  • Rupture to the intestines from radiation therapy

5
Symptoms of short bowel syndrome
  • Poor weight gain or weight loss
  • Bloating
  • Poor appetite
  • Increased gas
  • Foul smelling stools
  • Fatigue
  • Pale or pasty-looking skin
  • Vomiting

6
Treatment of short bowel syndrome
  • Proper diet plays a vital role in helping the
    body absorb all the nutrients it needs to grow. 
    For infants, the diet can consist of breast milk
    or formulas that are pre-digested or
    hypoallergenic. At the starting stage of
    treatment, IV nutrition is generally needed for
    growth and good hydration. Treatment of vitamin
    deficiency and anemia is also very
    important.  It is hoped that the bowel will grow
    in size and adapt to eventually be able to
    perform all the required functions without the
    need for IV nutrition.  Intestinal
    transplantation can be chosen for severe forms of
    short bowel syndrome.

7
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