Stress Fractures: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Stress Fractures: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment

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Stress Fractures are small cracks which are caused in your bones that occur when overly tired muscles can no longer absorb the shock of repeated impact. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Stress Fractures: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment


1
Stress Fractures
2
Stress Fractures
  • Stress fractures are small cracks which are
    caused in your bones that occur when overly tired
    muscles can no longer absorb the shock of
    repeated impact. When this happens, the forces
    are transferred to your bones further causing
    stress fractures. Stress fractures are most
    commonly found in weight-bearing bones in the
    foot, shin and ankle.

3
What causes stress fractures?
  • The major cause of stress fractures is overuse.
    They are especially common in athletes who
    participate in high-impact activities, like
    basketball, gymnastics, tennis, and long-distance
    running.They can also occur if you are living a
    relatively sedentary lifestyle and suddenly start
    doing physical activity, for example, suddenly
    spending a lot of time walking around in the city
    when you don't normally or starting to run.This
    happens because your muscles are not yet trained
    to absorb repeated shock. Basically, doing "too
    much too soon" can lead to stress fractures.

4
What causes stress fractures?
Continue
  • Teenagers who are still growing are at risk
    because their bones may not yet have fully
    hardened. Individuals with weakened bones from
    conditions like osteoporosis are also at
    risk.Outside factors may also contribute to
    stress fractures. This includes poor training or
    technique when performing exercises. Poor
    exercise equipment like footwear can also lead to
    stress fractures, such as shoes that have worn
    cushioning or not enough foot or arch support.

5
What are the symptoms of stress fractures?
  • Stress fractures are linked with gradual pain
    that increases at the time of weight-bearing
    activity. The pain may decrease with rest or even
    go away entirely when you aren't doing the
    activities that cause pain like running, walking
    or jumping.There may also be swelling on the
    top of the foot, around the ankle or the shin.
    The area of the stress fracture may feel tender
    to touch, and in some cases bruising may be
    present. Usually, you might feel a dull pain with
    sharpness with each step.

6
What is the treatment for stress fractures?
  • Your doctor will often suggest that you stop the
    activity that is causing you pain, advice you to
    use cold therapy, and wear a walking boot based
    on the severity of stress fracture.
  • Rest
  • Cold Therapy - Apply ice to the injured area to
    help in reducing pain and swelling.
  • Anti-inflammatory with caution -
    Anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen and
    aspirin can be used to alleviate pain however,
    they can also inhibit bone healing. Consult your
    doctor.
  • Recovery Time - Generally stress fractures take
    around 6 to 8 weeks to heal, and it is normally
    suggested to switch to non-weight bearing
    activities like swimming and biking. Make sure
    you consult your doctor for which activities are
    appropriate for your recovery.

7
What is the treatment for stress fractures?
Continue
  • For more serious stress fractures, surgery may
    be required. A fastener will be kept in the bones
    to hold them together during the healing process.
    However, most fractures will heal on their own
    with rest and time, and surgery is not usually
    required.

8
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