Schizotypal Personality Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Schizotypal Personality Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment

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Title: Schizotypal Personality Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment


1
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
2
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
  • Schizotypal personality disorder is a
    personality disorder which is characterized by
    odd behaviors, beliefs, thoughts, and
    difficulties in social situations. People with
    personality disorders are not aware that their
    thoughts and behaviors are inappropriate.

3
Causes of Schizotypal Personality Disorder
  • Still, it is not clear what causes personality
    disorders, but it is more a combination of
    genetic factors and a person's environment.

4
Risk factors related with Schizotypal Personality
Disorder
  • Schizotypal personality disorder is more common
    in men. People who have relatives with
    schizophrenia may have an increased chance of
    developing schizotypal personality disorder.

5
Diagnosis of Schizotypal Personality Disorder
  • You will likely be referred to a psychiatrist or
    other mental health professional who will ask you
    about your symptoms and mental and medical health
    history. A diagnosis will be done after a total
    psychiatric checkup that rules out different
    disorders, like schizophrenia, dissociative
    disorders, obsessive-compulsive personality
    disorder, or many personality disorders.

6
Prevention
  • There are no current guidelines to prevent
    schizotypal personality disorder.

7
Symptoms of Schizotypal Personality Disorder
  • Schizotypal personality may cause
  • Detachment from social relationships and
    difficulty forming relationships
  • Limited range of emotional expression
  • Odd or eccentric speech, dress, and grooming
  • Unusual style of communication
  • Illusions and alterations in perception
  • 'Magical' thinking
  • Peculiar, outlandish, or paranoid ideas or
    beliefs
  • Social anxiety
  • Talking to self

8
Treatment for Schizotypal Personality Disorder
  • Talk with your doctor about the best treatment
    plan for you. Options include
  • Counseling - Counseling is often beneficial for
    people with schizotypal personality disorder.
    Counseling sessions focus on helping you gain
    insight into your personality disorder and
    changing your behavior.
  • Medications - Currently there is no medication
    available specifically for this condition.
    However, in some cases antipsychotic medications
    may be used to help treat distorted thinking.
  • Other Treatments - Different treatments will be
    beneficial, like group therapy and social skills
    training will help you to manage symptoms.

9
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