Somatic Symptom Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Somatic Symptom Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment

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Title: Somatic Symptom Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment


1
Somatic Symptom Disorder
2
Somatic Symptom Disorder
  • When an individual feels extra anxiety about his
    physical symptoms like fatigue or pain, it is
    known as somatic symptom disorder (SSD). The
    individual will have intense feelings, thoughts
    and behaviors relating to the symptoms which
    interfere with their daily routine.Many times,
    no physical cause can be attributed to their
    malady. Individuals suffering from somatic
    symptom disorder face problems mainly with their
    extreme behavior and reaction.Somatic symptom
    disorder is now an umbrella term as per DSM-5, it
    includes somatoform and other related disorders
    like hysteria.Individuals with somatic symptom
    disorder (SSD) may be linked with a lot of
    stigmas there is a possibility that the physician
    may dismiss the individuals issues as a figment
    of their imagination. Generally, somatic symptom
    disorder (SSD) is reported before the age of 30
    and more often in females than in males.

3
Causes of Somatic Symptom Disorder
  • The precise cause of somatic symptom disorder is
    not known. However, the role of the following
    factors is plausible
  • Genetics
  • Upbringing
  • Possessing a negative outlook
  • Learned behavior

4
Diagnosis of Somatic Symptom Disorder
  • A physical exam will be performed by your doctor
    who will suggest some relevant tests to check for
    physical causes of your symptoms. Tests will
    depend on the symptoms one presents with.One
    may be referred to a mental doctor for further
    evaluation. A psychological examination will be
    done to extract out any related disorders.

5
Prevention
  • Counseling can help individuals who are prone to
    somatic symptom disorder (SSD) in learning ways
    to deal with their stress. Counseling can assist
    them in bringing down the intensity of symptoms.

6
Symptoms of Somatic Symptom Disorder
  • The symptoms can include
  • Palpitations, shortness of breath and chest pain
  • Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and bloating
  • Back pain, joint pain, pain in the arms or legs
  • Feel extremely anxious about their symptoms
  • Assume milder symptoms to be serious conditions
  • Goes for multiple tests and doesnt believe the
    results
  • Feel their doctor has not taken them seriously
  • Seeking high-level medical care
  • Doctor shopping (visiting multiple doctors) for
    the same symptoms
  • Spend a lot of time brooding over health concerns
  • Normal function is affected because of their
    behavior, feeling, thoughts about their symptoms

7
Treatment for Somatic Symptom Disorder
  • Individuals seeking treatment for somatic
    symptom disorder (SSD) must have a supportive
    relationship with their physician.Ideally, there
    must be a single primary health care provider to
    avoid repeated tests and procedures. Visits to a
    therapist (mental health care provider) also may
    be required.PsychotherapyBased on cognitive
    behavioral therapy, newer approaches have been
    found to bring down the frequency and intensity
    of the somatic symptom disorder (SSD). Such
    sessions incorporate general advice on
    problem-solving, managing stress and social
    skills training, etc.Pharmacological
    TreatmentCertain psychiatric disorders relating
    to somatic symptom disorder (SSD), particularly
    depression and anxiety respond well to
    antidepressants.

8
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