Syringomyelia: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Syringomyelia: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment

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Syringomyelia is a gradual disorder in which a fluid-filled cyst, or syrinx, forms within the spinal cord. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Syringomyelia: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment


1
Syringomyelia
2
Syringomyelia
  • Syringomyelia is a gradual disorder in which a
    fluid-filled cyst, or syrinx, forms within the
    spinal cord. With the increase in time, the cyst
    grows larger, further causing compression and
    damage to the spinal cord. The initiation of
    syrinx is most likely to found in the neck
    (cervical spine), but can develop anywhere along
    the spinal cord.

3
Causes of Syringomyelia
  • Syringomyelia can be caused by, or can be a
    complication of
  • Birth defects, like Chiari malformation
  • Hemorrhage (bleeding)
  • Inflammation of the spinal cord (e.g.,
    meningitis)
  • Spinal cord injury (trauma)
  • Spinal cord tumor

4
Diagnosis of Syringomyelia
  • A physical and neurologic examination may reveal
    loss of feeling or an inability to move normally
    (such as walk). Diagnostic tests of the spine may
    include a CT scan with contrast dye or an
    MRI. Early syringomyelia detection is crucial,
    as a delay in treatment can cause irreversible
    spinal cord injury. At the first sign of
    symptoms, visit your doctor.

5
Symptoms of Syringomyelia
  • As the body is connected to the brain, a damaged
    spinal cord disturbs the brain's ability to
    communicate. However, each patient's symptoms may
    differ, common syringomyelia symptoms include
  • Pain, stiffness, or weakness in the neck, arms,
    back, or legs
  • Progressive numbness
  • Headache
  • Sensitivity to heat and cold
  • Muscle wasting, contractions, spasticity (tight
    muscles)
  • Skin rash
  • The symptoms of syringomyelia usually grow
    slowly, yet exercise, coughing, or otherwise
    straining can bring on a sudden onset.

6
Treatment for Syringomyelia
  • Some patients who are having syringomyelia may
    have no symptoms for these patients, the doctor
    may choose a "watch and wait" approach. These
    patients can go about their normal lives, being
    cautious about avoiding cervical (neck) and back
    strain. Pregnancy and vaginal delivery can be a
    relative contraindication for patients with
    syringomyelia. The patients who are pregnant may
    require special care as pushing and straining
    during vaginal delivery can potentially enlarge a
    syrinx. Although a C-section may be advised,
    patients should have a full discussion with their
    doctor. The primary treatment goals are to stop
    or control damage to the spinal cord, preserve
    function, and prevent disability for patients who
    are experiencing symptoms of syringomyelia. Treat
    ment options include draining or surgical removal
    of the syrinx. Physical therapy may be included
    in the treatment plan to help the patient rebuild
    lost muscle strength and regain flexibility.

7
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