Scurvy: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Scurvy: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment

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Scurvy is a state which is caused in a person who is having insufficient amount of vitamin C for a longer period of time. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Scurvy: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment


1
Scurvy
2
Scurvy
  • Scurvy is a condition that is caused in a person
    who is having insufficient amount of vitamin C
    for a prolonged period of time. The condition
    causes weakness, impaired wound healing, anemia,
    and gingivitis. In children, it can cause bone
    loss and fractures. Scurvy is rare disease and it
    occurs most commonly in malnourished older adults
    and chronic alcoholics.

3
Causes of Scurvy
  • A diet that lacks in fruits and vegetables or
    foods fortified with vitamin C is typically the
    main cause of scurvy.

4
Risk factors associated with scurvy
  • Some of the following factors increase your
    chance of having scurvy
  • A limited or poor diet, with little or no fruits
    and vegetables
  • Little or no vitamin C in the diet
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Alcoholism
  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Gastrointestinal disorders like malabsorption,
    inflammatory bowel disease, dyspepsia, and
    Whipple disease
  • Chemotherapy
  • A fad diet
  • Self-taken restrictive diets for weight loss or
    due to food allergies

5
Diagnosis of scurvy
  • Scurvy may be found during a physical exam,
    depending upon the analysis of symptoms and diet.
    A doctor will order a blood test to measure the
    level of vitamin C in the blood to confirm the
    diagnosis. Infants and children may have x-rays
    done to look for specific problems from scurvy,
    such as bone disease.

6
Symptoms of scurvy
  • Symptoms of scurvy include
  • Weakness
  • Paleness
  • Sunken eyes
  • Tender, swollen gums or tooth loss
  • Muscular pain
  • Reopening of old wounds or sores
  • Loss of appetite
  • Bruising easily
  • Weight loss inability to gain weight

7
Symptoms of scurvy
Continue
  • Diarrhea
  • Increased heart rate
  • Fever
  • Irritability
  • Aching and swelling in joints
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue

8
Treatment for scurvy
  • The treatment for scurvy is simple and
    effective. To eliminate symptoms and make a full
    recovery, begin vitamin C replacement until
    symptoms resolve and then take recommended
    amounts of vitamin C. Vitamin C levels can be
    increased by
  • Eating a diet rich in citrus fruits, other
    fruits, and vegetables
  • Taking vitamin C supplements

9
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