Spherocytosis: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Spherocytosis: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment

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Spherocytosis is a condition that is characterized by an abnormality which is caused in the red blood cell membrane. While healthy blood cells are shaped like flattened, indented discs, these abnormal membranes lead to sphere-shaped red blood cells and the premature breakdown of those cells. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Spherocytosis: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment


1
Spherocytosis
2
Spherocytosis
  • Spherocytosis is a condition in which an
    abnormality is caused in the red blood cell
    membrane. While healthy blood cells are shaped
    like flattened, indented discs, these abnormal
    membranes lead to sphere-shaped red blood cells
    and the premature breakdown of those cells.Red
    blood cells which are suffering from
    spherocytosis are basically smaller, rounder in
    shape, and more fragile than healthy red blood
    cells. The rounded shape causes the red blood
    cells to get caught in the spleen, where they
    easily break down.The different cases of
    spherocytosis can be mild with minor symptoms or
    severe with symptoms that quickly surface. These
    symptoms can be raised after the happening of
    some specific types of infections. Severe cases
    may be diagnosed in childhood, while those with
    mild symptoms may not be diagnosed until
    adulthood.

3
Prevention
  • Because spherocytosis is an inherited condition,
    it is not possible to prevent the disease.
    However, egular screening of individuals at high
    risk can prevent the risk of complications of the
    disease with early treatment.

4
Symptoms of Spherocytosis
  • Spherocytosis can cause 
  • Yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes i.e.
    known as jaundice
  • Pallor
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • In children, irritability and moodiness

5
Treatment of Spherocytosis
  • Just have a talk with your doctor about the best
    treatment plan for you. Treatment options
    includeFolic Acid SupplementationFolic acid
    1 mg/day and consideration for blood transfusions
    are suggested during the time of severe
    anemia. SurgerySurgical extraction of the
    spleen can treat the anemia. The abnormal shape
    of blood cells remains, but the blood cells are
    no longer destroyed in the spleen.Currently,
    meningococcal, Haemophilus, and pneumococcal
    vaccines are administered several weeks before
    splenectomy. Lifetime penicillin prophylaxis is
    suggested after surgery to prevent dangerous
    infections. The surgery is not advised for
    children who are under 5 years old. There is a
    lifetime risk of serious and potentially
    life-threatening infections.

6
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