Diabetic Foot Care: Caring for and Treating Foot and Ankle Conditions Related to Diabetes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Diabetic Foot Care: Caring for and Treating Foot and Ankle Conditions Related to Diabetes

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If you have diabetes, it is imperative for you to implement proper foot and ankle care. Due to the condition, you're more likely to have poor blood flow and nerve damage, resulting in foot pain, ulcers or other problems. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Diabetic Foot Care: Caring for and Treating Foot and Ankle Conditions Related to Diabetes


1
DIABETIC FOOT CARE
  • CARING FOR AND TREATING FOOT AND ANKLE CONDITIONS
    RELATED TO DIABETES

2
DIABETES
  • Diabetes includes a group of different diseases
    affecting your bodys insulin production or
    response, resulting in too much sugar in your
    blood
  • Common types of diabetes includes
  • Type 1 Diabetes Pancreas produces little or no
    insulin
  • Type 2 Diabetes Impacts how body processes
    glucose
  • Prediabetes High blood sugar but not high
    enough to receive type 2 diagnosis
  • Gestational Diabetes High blood sugar in
    pregnant women

3
DIABETICS RELATION TO FOOT ANKLE CONDITIONS
  • Diabetics are more likely to have problems in
    their lower extremities due to nerve damage and
    poor blood circulation caused by diabetic
    neuropathy and/or peripheral vascular disease
  • This leads to decreased sensation in diabetics
    toes, feet, ankles and lower legs, reducing
    detection of an injury, sore, cut or swelling
  • A problem that goes unnoticed can result in a
    diabetic foot ulcer, which can become infected
  • If an infection is not treated quickly or
    properly, amputation may be the only way to
    prevent it from spreading to other parts of the
    body

4
WHEN TO SEE YOUR PODIATRIST FOR DIABETIC FOOT
TREATMENT
  • While some problems you can treat and monitor at
    home, you should see your podiatrist immediately
    if you notice any of the following symptoms
  • Skin on feet, ankles or legs change colors
  • Noticeable swelling
  • Sores that keep returning
  • Pain and tingling
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Shaking

5
NONSURGICAL TREATMENTS FOR DIABETIC FOOT PROBLEMS
  • Before resulting to more invasive methods, your
    podiatrist will first recommend conservative
    options to treat complications and pain from
    diabetic neuropathy or peripheral vascular
    disease including
  • Cleaning and dressing your wound, cut or foot
    ulcer
  • Immobilizing your foot with cast, boot or other
    immobilization device
  • Observing and monitoring infection in case more
    invasive methods are needed

6
SURGICAL TREATMENT FOR YOUR DIABETIC FOOT PROBLEMS
  • If your case is severe or if conservative methods
    fail, your podiatrist may recommend one of the
    following surgical methods to reduce your pain
    and heal your condition
  • Removal of tissue that is dead or decaying
  • Placing stents to lessen or resolve problems
    associated with peripheral vascular disease
  • Decompression of nerves for patients with
    diabetic neuropathy
  • Foot or ankle surgery to salvage the limb
  • Release tendon for rebalancing and offloading
    toes or feet
  • If necessary, amputating the infected limb. This
    could be just the toe, or the whole leg in
    advanced cases

7
PREVENTING FOOT ANKLE PROBLEMS IN DIABETICS
  • If you have diabetes, the only way to prevent a
    life-threatening infection is to be vigilant
  • See your podiatrist regularly for check ups and
    keep an eye on your foot and ankle health in
    between
  • Keep your diabetes in check. Nerve damage is
    often results when the condition is out of
    control
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • Monitor your blood sugar levels

8
DAILY DIABETIC FOOT CARE
  • To keep painful foot and ankle conditions caused
    by your diabetes at bay, there are a few things
    that should be done daily
  • Wash and dry feet thoroughly
  • Keep feet from drying out by applying a mild
    lotion
  • Avoid going barefoot, even in your home
  • Keep your toe nails trimmed and clean
  • Inspect your feet for cracks, cuts, blisters,
    sores, scratches, redness, tenderness, ingrown
    toenail and corns. If you notice any of these
    problems, address them immediately
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