Pleurisy: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Pleurisy: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment

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Pleurisy is an inflammation of the thin layers of tissue that covers the lungs and the chest wall. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pleurisy: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment


1
Pleurisy
2
Pleurisy
  • Pleurisy is an inflammation of the thin layers
    of tissue that covers the lungs and the chest
    wall.The outer layer of the pleura lines the
    inside of the chest wall, and the inner layer
    covers the lungs. The small space present between
    the two layers is called the pleural cavity. This
    cavity normally contains a small amount of
    lubricating fluid that allows the two layers to
    slide over each other when you breathe.When the
    pleura become inflamed the layers come in
    together further causing chest pain. This is
    known as pleuritic pain.

3
What causes Pleurisy?
  • In young and healthy people, an infection of the
    lower respiratory system by a virus or bacteria
    may cause pleurisy. Pleurisy generally lasts for
    a few days to 2 weeks. In very of the rare cases,
    the virus or bacteria may spread and cause
    pleurisy in others.Some of the other causes of
    pleurisy may include air leaking into the pleural
    cavity from a hole in a lung (pneumothorax),
    injury to the chest (such as a broken rib),
    tuberculosis or different infections, or a tumor
    in the pleura.Other conditions may also cause
    pleurisy. These can involve rheumatoid arthritis,
    lupus, sickle cell crisis, pulmonary embolism, or
    pancreatitis. Pleurisy may also develop as a
    complication of heart surgery.

4
What are the symptoms of Pleurisy?
  • The some of the common symptoms of pleurisy are
    chest pain and difficulty in breathing. The chest
    pain generally starts very suddenly. Mostly
    people describe it as a stabbing pain, and it
    generally gets worse with breathing. The pain
  • can always be present but it generally gets worse
    when you breathe. You may avoid deep breathing to
    prevent the pain.
  • Generally is on only one side of the chest.
  • Can extend to a shoulder or the belly.
  • Is generally worse when you cough, sneeze, or
    suddenly move.
  • Can ease when you hold your breath or press on
    the painful area.

5
What are the symptoms of Pleurisy?
Continue
  • However, this sort of chest pain can be caused
    by conditions that do not affect the pleura, like
    chest muscle strain and costochondritis.If your
    pleurisy is caused by a viral infection, you may
    or may not have common viral symptoms, like
    fever, headache, and muscle aches.Sometimes,
    the inflammation of the pleura causes fluid to
    build up in the pleural cavity. You may have less
    pain after this happens, because the fluid
    prevents the two layers of the pleura from
    rubbing together.Sometimes, if there is a large
    amount of fluid present, it can prevent the lung
    from expanding when you breathe in. This can make
    it hard to breathe. Other symptoms of pleural
    effusion may include fever, chest pain, and a dry
    cough.

6
How is pleurisy treated?
  • The treatment for pleurisy depends on the cause.
    Just like, if a bacterial infection is the cause,
    you will probably need an antibiotic. If a
    pulmonary embolism is present, you can get
    medicine to dissolve the clot or to prevent
    future blood clots (anticoagulants).For most
    cases of pain caused by pleurisy, your doctor
    will suggest that you use aspirin, ibuprofen, or
    another non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
    (NSAID).Do not prescribe aspirin to anyone who
    is younger than 20 because of the risk of reye
    syndrome. If you are having severe pain, you may
    need prescription cough or pain medicine. You may
    also be able to relieve pain by lying on the
    painful side or pressing a pillow against it.

7
How is pleurisy treated?
Continue
  • If you are having pleural effusion, you may need
    to have the fluid drained through a tube that the
    doctor inserts in your chest.In some cases of
    pleural effusion, you may need pleurodesis. At
    the time of this procedure, a medicine is placed
    into your chest cavity, which triggers an
    inflammatory reaction over the surface of the
    lung and inside the chest cavity.This causes
    the surface of the lung to stick to the surface
    of the chest cavity, which prevents more fluid
    from building up or reduces the amount of fluid.

8
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