Myeloma Treatment in India -BmtClinic - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Myeloma Treatment in India -BmtClinic

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BMT Clinic leads by Dr. Vikas Dua experienced Dr. VikasDua is presently working as Senior Consultant and Head Pediatric Hematology Oncology & Bone Marrow Transplant in Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon, Haryana (India), – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Myeloma Treatment in India -BmtClinic


1
BMT CLINIC
  • Dr. Vikas Dua
  • www.bmtclinic.com

2
Services
  • Leukaemia Treatment in India
  • Myeloma Treatment in India
  • Lymphoma Treatment in India
  • Sickle Cell Anemia Treatment in India
  • Bone Marrow Transplant in India
  • Stem Cell Transplant in India

3
Leukaemia Treatment in India
  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia is the commonest
    childhood cancer. This arises from abnormalities
    in the precursors of normal lymphocytes which are
    otherwise a normal part of our immune system
    necessary to fight infections. These abnormal
    cells rapidly fill up the bone marrow space
    suppressing the normal cells.
  • In most cases, the disease is characterized by
    certain abnormalities in the chromosomes which pro
    mote abnormal growth of certain lymphoid
    cells rather than maturation to normal
    lymphocytes.

4
Myeloma Treatment in India
  • Multiple Myeloma goes through 3 stages
  • MGUS (Monoclonal Gammopathy of Uncertain
    Significance) This is diagnosed when a patient
    is found to have an abnormal immunoglobulin in
    small amounts without any symptoms or involvement
    of any organs.
  • Indolent Myeloma This is diagnosed when the
    diagnostic workup fulfils the criteria of MM but
    the patient is asymptomatic.
  • Symptomatic Myeloma when along with the above
    the patient is symptomatic.

5
Lymphoma Treatment in India
  • Lymphoma begins when B cells, T cells, or NK
    cells in the lymphatic system change and grow
    uncontrollably, which sometimes may form a tumor.
  • Because lymphatic tissue is found in most parts
    of the body, NHL can start almost anywhere and
    can spread to almost any organ. It most often
    begins in the lymph nodes, liver, spleen, or bone
    marrow, but it can also involve the stomach,
    intestines, skin, thyroid gland, brain, or any
    other part of the body. It is very important to
    know which type and subtype has been diagnosed
    because this information helps doctors determine
    the best treatment and a patients prognosis
    (chance of recovery). 

6
Sickle Cell Anemia Treatment in India
  • Complete Blood Count and PERIPHERAL Blood
    Smear The characteristic finding of SCD is
    circulating sickle shaped red cells. Routine
    examination of the blood gives the diagnosis.
  • Reticulocytosis i.e. increase in young red blood
    cells is almost always seen.
  • Hemoglobin Electrophoresis This is the
    cornerstone of diagnosis and is used to detect
    Hemoglobin S. HbA2 and often HbF are increased in
    patient with sickle cell-B thalassemia. Despite
    high level of HbF at birth, electrophoresis can
    detect HbS in the newborn.

7
Bone Marrow Transplant in India
  • Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) also called as Stem
    Cell Transplant is a procedure to replace damaged
    or destroyed bone marrow of a patientwith healthy
    bone marrow stem cells of the donor. It is the
    soft, fatty tissue inside your bones which
    produces blood cells. Stem cells are immature
    cells in the bone marrow that give rise to all of
    your different blood cells. BMT procedure
    involves transplanting blood stem cells, which
    travel to the bone marrow where they produce new
    blood cells and promote growth of new marrow
    which in turn give a normal healthy life to the
    patient.

8
Stem Cell Transplant in India
  • Stem Cell Donation, Firstly the donor should be
    the BEST MATCH for the patient which is
    identified by Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)
    Typing Test and secondly the donor needs to be
    MEDICALLY FIT to be able to donate.
  • STEPS in PBSC (Stem Cell) Donation
  • It is a non-surgical procedure performed in
    outpatient hospital facility, wherein
    donors blood is removed through a catheter (a
    thin, flexible plastic tube) and circulated into
    a blood cell separator machine called as Stem
    Cell Apheresis Device.
  • This Apheresis Device filters out the STEM CELLS
    from the Donor's Blood is transferred to a
    collection bag the remaining Blood (plasma, red
    blood cells, and platelets) is injected back into
    the donor with another catheter.

9
Fortis Memorial Research Institute Sector -
44,Opposite HUDA City Centre Gurugram,Haryana
122002 INDIA Contact91-7015677759 Emaildrvikas_at_
bmtclinic.com urlhttp//bmtclinic.com/
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