Mucormycosis: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mucormycosis: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment

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Mucormycosis is a serious but rare fungal infectional disease that is caused by a group of molds known as mucormycetes. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mucormycosis: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment


1
Mucormycosis
2
Mucormycosis
  • Mucormycosis is a serious but rare fungal
    infection which is caused by a cluster of molds
    called mucormycetes. These fungi tend to grow
    within the environment, specifically in soil and
    in link with decaying organic matter, like
    leaves, compost piles, or rotten wood.Some of
    the examples of the types of fungi that most
    commonly cause mucormycosis are Rhizopus
    species, Mucor species, Cunninghamella
    bertholletiae, Apophysomyces species, and
    Lichtheimia species.People suffer mucormycosis
    by coming in contact with the fungal spores
    present in the environment. For example, the lung
    or sinus forms of the infection can happen to
    someone after he or she inhales the spores from
    the air.Usually these forms of mucormycosis
    occur in people who have weakened immune systems.
    Mucormycosis can be produced on the skin as the
    fungus makes its way and enters the skin via cut,
    scrape, burn, or other type of skin trauma.

3
How does someone get mucormycosis?
  • People get mucormycosis by coming in contact
    with fungal spores in the environment. For
    example, the sinus or lung types of the infection
    can happen after someone inhales the spores
    present in the air. Mucormycosis can develop on
    the skin after the fungus enters the skin through
    a cut, scrape, burn, or other type of skin
    trauma.

4
How is mucormycosis diagnosed?
  • Doctor looks at your previous medical history,
    symptoms, physical examinations, and laboratory
    tests when diagnosing mucormycosis.If your
    doctor founds that you have mucormycosis in your
    lungs or sinuses, he or she might collect a
    sample of fluid from your respiratory system to
    send to a laboratory.Your doctor may perform a
    tissue biopsy, in which a small sample of
    affected tissue is analyzed in a laboratory for
    evidence of mucormycosis under a microscope or in
    a fungal culture.You may also need to go
    through imaging tests like a CT scan of your
    lungs, sinuses, or other parts of your body
    depending on the location of the suspected
    infection.

5
Symptoms of Mucormycosis
  • The symptoms of mucormycosis rely on where in
    the body the fungus is growing. Mucormycosis is
    very rare and it typically affects people who
    have weakened immune systems. Contact your doctor
    if you have symptoms that you think are related
    to mucormycosis.Symptoms of mucormycosis
    include
  • One-sided facial swelling
  • Headache
  • Nasal or sinus congestion
  • Black lesions on upper inside of mouth
  • Fever
  • Cough

6
Symptoms of Mucormycosis
Continue
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding

7
How is mucormycosis treated?
  • Mucormycosis is a severe infection and it needs
    to be treated with prescribed antifungal
    medication, generally amphotericin B,
    posaconazole or isavuconazole.These medications
    are given through a vein (amphotericin B,
    posaconazole, isavuconazole) or by mouth
    (posaconazole, isavuconazole). Often,
    mucormycosis requires surgery to cut away the
    infected tissue.

8
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