Keratitis: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Keratitis: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment

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Keratitis is an eye condition that is caused by damage to the cornea. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Keratitis: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment


1
Keratitis
2
Keratitis
  • Keratitis is an eye condition that is caused by
    damage to the cornea. This is the transparent
    layer at the front of your eye, which plays an
    important role in providing vision.If your
    cornea becomes inflamed, scratched or infected,
    it can cause permanent damage to your sight, so
    its very necessary not to leave keratitis
    untreated.

3
What causes Keratitis?
  • Keratitis is a reaction which is caused by
    another eye problem called blepharitis. This is a
    condition that causes your eyelids to become red,
    sore or inflamed.One of the features of
    blepharitis is that the glands in the eye stop
    producing the oils which help to keep your eyes
    moist. This can dry them out.You can also
    experience a bacterial infection, or
    develop dermatitis in your eyelids. Very
    occasionally, keratitis can be caused by a
    scratched cornea.Another possible trigger for
    blepharitis, and therefore keratitis too, is not
    using contact lenses properly. If youre wearing
    them overnight, not changing them frequently
    enough, not storing them properly or not cleaning
    them enough, these are all factors that could
    damage your eyes and leave you susceptible to
    conditions like keratitis.

4
Symptoms of Keratitis
  • Because keratitis affects the front of your eye,
    its very difficult to miss the symptoms. Speak
    to a doctor immediately if you experience any of
    these problems
  • Pain in your eye (this can be particularly severe
    if your cornea becomes infected)
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Problems with your vision, e.g. blurring
  • Dry eyes
  • Red eyes
  • Watering eyes
  • Discharge from your eyes

5
Symptoms of Keratitis
Continue
  • You might also feel as though you have something
    in your eye. This could be an ulcer, so you
    should see a doctor about this as soon as
    possible. If its an ulcer, you might even be
    able to see it as a pale dot within the colored
    part of your eyes.

6
Treatment of Keratitis
  • When it comes to dealing with keratitis,
    treating the initial blepharitis is a key step
    towards making you better. This is mostly done
    using eye drops, particularly to reduce the
    inflammation around your eyes.There are many
    different kinds of eye drops available. Your
    doctor will need to discover the underlying cause
    of your dry eyes in order to prescribe the most
    effective product.Depending on the severity of
    your keratitis, you may need to use these eye
    drops several times a day at first. You will
    probably also need to stop wearing contact
    lenses temporarily.

7
Treatment of Keratitis
Continue
  • If you have an ulcer in your eye, a specialist
    may need to take a sample of it under local
    anesthetic to determine what should happen
    next.In milder cases of keratitis, the
    condition can be managed at home by applying a
    warm flannel to the affected area. Your doctor
    might suggest eyelid massaging exercises, or ask
    you to gently clean the inside of the lids with a
    cotton bud.

8
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