Herpes Zoster (Shingles) : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Herpes Zoster (Shingles) : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

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Herpes Zoster (Shingles) is a painful skin rash which is further caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Herpes Zoster (Shingles) : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


1
Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
2
Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
  • Herpes zoster (Shingles) is a painful skin rash
    which is caused by the varicella-zoster virus
    (VZV). This is the same virus that causes
    chickenpox. After a person has chickenpox, the
    virus remains inactive in the nerve cells.Years
    later, the virus can become active again. If it
    happens, a red rash or small blisters occur,
    generally on one side of the body, spreading
    along a nerve pathway where the virus was
    inactive.Sometimes, even after the rash is
    gone, the pain may continue for a prolonged time.
    This is a complication called postherpetic
    neuralgia (PHN).

3
Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
Continue
  • People who get the chickenpox vaccine still have
    a small risk of Herpes zoster (Shingles),
    although it appears to be less than the risk
    after an actual chickenpox infection.People
    with a weak immune system are at greater risk of
    getting shingles. Almost half of the cases of
    shingles occur in people older than age 60.The
    incidence of Herpes zoster (Shingles) occurring
    in children is low, but the risk of getting this
    disease increases with age. Children who have
    weak immune systems may have the same, or more
    severe, symptoms as adults.

4
What are the symptoms of Herpes zoster
(Shingles)?
  • Herpes zoster (Shingles) most often occurs on
    the trunk and buttocks. It may also appear on the
    arms, legs, or face. These are the most common
    symptoms
  • Pain, burning or itching on one part of your face
    or body
  • Rash, which can appear up to 5 days after and
    first looks like small, red spots that turn into
    blisters
  • Blisters which turn yellow and dry
  • Rash which generally goes away in 2 to 4 weeks
  • A rash is generally localized to one side or part
    of the body
  • Fever, chills, headache, nausea

5
What are the symptoms of Herpes zoster
(Shingles)?
Continue
  • PHN can cause pain for weeks, months, and rarely
    even years after the rash resolves
  • The symptoms of herpes zoster may look like
    other skin conditions. Always see your healthcare
    provider for a diagnosis.

6
What is the treatment for Herpes zoster
(Shingles)?
  • Immediate treatment with antiviral medicines may
    help lessen the duration and severity of some of
    the symptoms. These antiviral medicines
    (acyclovir, famciclovir and valacyclovir) are
    more effective the sooner they are started.Ask
    your doctor about over-the-counter pain
    relievers. If your pain is severe, your provider
    may prescribe stronger pain medicine. You and
    your doctor will decide on the best treatment
    based on factors including duration and severity
    of the symptoms.

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