IUI and Fertility Medications - Book Appointment Online at ElaWoman - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

IUI and Fertility Medications - Book Appointment Online at ElaWoman

Description:

Artificial Insemination is a fertility treatment method used to deliver sperm directly to the cervix or uterus in the hopes of getting pregnant. Sometimes, these sperm are washed or “prepared” to increase the likelihood a woman will get pregnant. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:10

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: IUI and Fertility Medications - Book Appointment Online at ElaWoman


1
IUI and Fertility Medications - Book Appointment
Online at ElaWoman
Artificial Insemination is a fertility treatment
method used to deliver sperm directly to the
cervix or uterus in the hopes of getting
pregnant. Sometimes, these sperm are washed or
prepared to increase the likelihood a woman
will get pregnant. Two chief approaches to
artificial insemination exist intrauterine
insemination (IUI) and intracervical insemination
(ICI). Some women may also take IUI and
Fertility Medications to stimulate ovarian
follicle growth and increase conception chances.
2
IUI, or artificial insemination, is a common
fertility treatment used for a variety of
Infertility issues. It is considered a less
invasive approach, than some other ART (Assisted
Reproductive Technology) procedures, because the
critical steps necessary for conception must
occur as they naturally would, without any
medical assistance.
  • What Happens During IUI
  • During the course of a gynecological exam, the
    physician will insert a thin, flexible catheter
    through the patients cervix into her uterus to
    deposit a sperm sample. This insertion is
    painless and the patient can resume her daily
    activities within minutes.
  • The sperm inserted into the patients uterus has
    been washed in the laboratory to rid it of
    seminal fluid and to concentrate it.
  • The sperm can come from the spouse (artificial
    insemination with spouses sperm) or from a donor
    (artificial insemination with donor sperm).

3
  • Indications for IUI Using a Spouses Sperm
  • Mild male factor infertility (slight variation in
    sperm count, motility or shape)
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Cervical factor infertility
  • Mild endometriosis
  • Repeated unsuccessful cycles of ovarian
    stimulation and timed intercourse
  • Indications for IUI Using a Donors Sperm
  • Single women
  • Same sex females
  • Severe Male Factor Infertility
  • History of Certain Genetic Disorders
  • Donor sperm comes from accredited sperm banks
    that meet strict Health Canada standards. If this
    is a treatment option for you, the Heartland
    Team will provide you with the necessary
    information and instruction to move forward.
  • A session with a trained counselor who
    specializes in fertility issues is mandatory when
    using a donor for the artificial insemination
    process. This session will provide you with the
    opportunity to discuss common issues concerning
    this type of insemination, and to help you work
    through any concerns you may have prior to
    undergoing the procedure.

4
Infertility is the inability of a couple to
become pregnant (regardless of cause) after 1
year of unprotected sexual intercourse (using no
birth control methods). Improvements in fertility
treatment have made it possible for many women
whose male partner is infertile to become
pregnant. These new and advanced technologies
include in vitro fertilization (IVF),
intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and
other similar procedures.
What Causes Infertility? The normal reproduction
process requires interaction between the female
and male reproductive tracts. The woman ovulates
and releases an egg from her ovaries to travel
through the Fallopian tube to her uterus (womb).
The male produces sperm. Both egg and sperm
normally meet in the woman's Fallopian tube,
where fertilization occurs. The embryo then
implants in the uterus for further development.
5
Infertility occurs when something in this pattern
does not happen. The problem could be with the
woman (female infertility), with the man (male
infertility), or with both. Unknown factors cause
infertility 10 of the time. For infertility
with an unknown cause, all findings from standard
tests may be normal. The actual cause of
infertility may not be detected because the
problem may be with the egg or sperm itself or
with the embryo and its inability to
implant. Pelvic inflammatory disease
(PID) Sexually transmitted diseases, namely,
gonorrhea and Chlamydia, may be associated with
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and damage a
woman's Fallopian tubes. A health care
professional can detect pelvic inflammatory
disease using cultures or molecular biologic
studies of vaginal discharge and blood testing
for sexually transmitted diseases. If a woman
does not recall ever having pelvic inflammatory
disease, her doctor may be able to see scarring
or blockage of the tubes during a surgical
procedure called laparoscopy. Tiny cameras and
instruments are inserted through small cuts in
the abdomen to allow the doctor to view the
reproductive organs. Endometriosis Endometriosis
affects women during their reproductive years
and may contribute to infertility. It can cause
pelvic pain and infertility. A woman may be at
risk for developing it if she has a family
history of the disease. With endometriosis,
uterine lining tissue grows outside the uterus
and may damage the ovaries and Fallopian tubes. A
woman may not know she has a mild form of this
condition. Sometimes the doctor finds it during
laparoscopy.
6
Environmental and occupational factors Certain
environmental factors may cause men to produce a
less concentrated sperm. Exposure to lead, other
heavy metals, and pesticides have been associated
with male infertility. Many other factors, such
as excessive heat exposure, microwave radiation,
ultrasound, and other health hazards, are more
controversial as to whether they induce
infertility. Toxic effects related to tobacco,
marijuana, and other drugs Smoking may cause
infertility in both men and women. In
experimental animals, nicotine has been shown to
block the production of sperm and decrease the
size of a man's testicles. In women, tobacco
changes the cervical mucus, thus affecting the
way sperm reach the egg. Marijuana may disrupt a
woman's Ovulation (release of the egg). Marijuana
use affects men by decreasing the sperm count
and the quality of the sperm. Heroin, cocaine,
and crack cocaine use induces similar effects but
places the user at increased risk for pelvic
inflammatory disease and HIV infection associated
with risky sexual behavior. In women, the
effects of alcohol are related more to severe
consequences for the fetus. Nevertheless, chronic
alcoholism is related to disorders in ovulation
and, therefore, interferes with fertility.
Alcohol use by men interferes with the synthesis
of testosterone and has an impact on sperm
concentration. Alcoholism may delay a man's
sexual response and may cause impotence (unable
to have an erection).
7
Pregnancy The state of carrying a developing
embryo or fetus within the female body. This
condition can be indicated by positive results
on an over-the-counter urine test, and confirmed
through a blood test, ultrasound, detection of
fetal heartbeat, or an X-ray. Pregnancy lasts for
about nine months, measured from the date of the
woman's last menstrual period (LMP). It is
conventionally divided into three trimesters,
each roughly three months long.
8
The most important tasks of basic fetal cell
differentiation occur during the first trimester,
so any harm done to the fetus during this period
is most likely to result in miscarriage or
serious disability. There is little to no chance
that a first-trimester fetus can survive outside
the womb, even with the best hospital care. Its
systems are simply too undeveloped. This stage
truly ends with the phenomenon of quickening the
mother's first perception of fetal movement. It
is in the first trimester that some women
experience "morning sickness," a form of nausea
on waking that usually passes within an
hour. The breasts also begin to prepare for
nursing, and painful soreness from hardening milk
glands may result. As the pregnancy progresses,
the mother may experience many physical and
emotional changes, ranging from increased
moodiness to darkening of the skin in various
areas. During the second trimester, the fetus
undergoes a remarkable series of developments.
Its physical parts become fully distinct and at
least somewhat operational. With the best
medical care, a second-trimester fetus born
prematurely has at least some chance of survival,
although developmental delays and other
handicaps may emerge later. As the fetus grows in
size, the mother's pregnant state will begin to
be obvious. In the third trimester, the fetus
enters the final stage of preparation for birth.
It increases rapidly in weight, as does the
mother. As the end of the pregnancy nears, there
may be discomfort as the fetus moves into
position in the woman's lower abdomen. Edema
(swelling of the ankles), back pain, and balance
problems are sometimes experienced during this
time period. Most women are able to go about
their usual activities until the very last days
or weeks of pregnancy, including non-impact
exercise and work. During the final days, some
feel too much discomfort to continue at a full
pace, although others report greatly increased
energy just before the birth. Pregnancy ends when
the birth process begins.
9
Ovulation is the name of the process that happens
usually once in every menstrual cycle, when
hormone changes trigger an ovary to release an
egg. In this article, we look more closely at
this process and explain how you use this
knowledge to help you to become pregnant.
Ovulation is the name of the process that happens
usually once in every menstrual cycle when
hormone changes trigger an ovary to release an
egg. You can only become pregnant if a sperm
fertilizes an egg. Ovulation usually happens 12
to 16 days before your next period starts.
10
If you are trying to become pregnant, your
chances will be improved if you have sex at a
particular time of your cycle. Knowing when you
ovulate when an egg is released from your
ovaries is the key to knowing when that right
time is. When you are most fertile The five
days before ovulation, together with the day you
ovulate, are the days when you are most likely to
conceive. Sperm can live up to five days inside
your body, so if you have sex up to five days
before your egg is released, you can get
pregnant. After ovulation, though, your egg can
only live for 12 to 24 hours. After this time is
up, your time for getting pregnant has gone for
now till the following month. Your chances of
getting pregnant are at their highest in the
three days leading up to and including ovulation.
Predicting ovulation Ovulation usually happens
about halfway through your menstrual cycle, but
the exact time can vary. Although signs that you
are about to ovulate can be subtle, there are
some things you can pay attention to and track
over time to help you predict your fertile
window. Changes in mucus Noticing how your
vaginal secretions change during your menstrual
cycle is the basis of the Billings ovulation
method. Around the time of ovulation, you may
notice your secretion is clear, stretchy and
slippery similar to egg whites. After
ovulation, when the chances of becoming pregnant
drop, the secretion tends to become cloudy and
thick, or disappear entirely.
11
Changes in body temperature When youve just
ovulated, your body temperature may increase very
slightly, by about half a degree celsius. If
youre using temperature as a means of keeping
track of when you are most fertile, you need to
use a special thermometer to take your
temperature every morning before you get out of
bed. If you record the readings every day using
a graph or a spreadsheet, its possible to learn
your pattern over time. The time when you are
most fertile is two to three days before the
rise in temperature. Other signs There may be
other signs that you are near the time of
ovulation, such as mild abdominal cramps, breast
tenderness or increased sex drive. However, using
these signs to predict when youre fertile is not
the most reliable method. For many couples
getting pregnant and Trying To Conceive is easy.
For more information, Call Us 91 7899912611
12
Visit Website www.elawoman.com
Contact Form https//www.elawoman.com/contact
Ela Facebook
Ela Twitter
Ela Instagram
Ela Linkedin
Ela Youtube
About PowerShow.com