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Title: Indian Political System


1
Unit-I Indian Political system By Navpreet Kaur
Bagh E5602
www.cuchd.in
Campus Gharuan, Mohali
2
Definition of Parliament
  • Parliament is the supreme legislative body of
    our country which is composed of President and
    the houses ( Rajya Sabha Lok Sabha).

www.cuchd.in
Campus Gharuan, Mohali
3
President in Parliament
  • President is the head of legislative body.
  • He has power to summon.
  • Power to prorogue
  • Power to dissolve Lok Sabha under article
  • 85 (2)
  • But he can only use these powers upon the advice
    of PM and his Union Council Ministers.

www.cuchd.in
Campus Gharuan, Mohali
4
Process of Impeachment
  • Impeachment is the process of removing the
    President from his post.
  • Impeachment is done when President is facing any
    severe charges of crime.
  • When the procedure starts 3/4th members should
    be present at that time.
  • If found guilty then voting of 2/3rd members of
    house is done against him.
  • And then the case is transferred to other house
    where same procedure is followed and president is
    removed as soon as bill is passed.

www.cuchd.in
Campus Gharuan, Mohali
5
Lok Sabha
  • Lok Sabha is also known as lower house.
  • It is house of people.
  • Maximum members are 552, out of this 530 are
    elected from state, 20 from union territories and
    2 are nominated by President.
  • Head of Lok Sabha is known as Speaker
  • Members are directly elected by eligible voters.
  • Life is 5 years and it can be dissolved before 5
    years.
  • Money bill can only be introduced in Lok Sabha.
    Also only this house can grant the money for
    running the administration of country.

www.cuchd.in
Campus Gharuan, Mohali
6
Rajya Sabha
  • Rajya Sabha is also known as Upper House.
  • Maximum seats are 250, out of these 238 seats
    are elected by states and Union Territories, and
    12 are nominated by President.
  • Head of Rajya Sabha is known as Chairman
  • Members are elected by the elected members of
    State Legislative Assemblies.
  • Rajya Sabha is a permanent body. There members
    gets replaced after 6 years. But it cant be
    dissolved.

www.cuchd.in
Campus Gharuan, Mohali
7
Qualifications of Members - Lok Sabha
  • Member should be an Indian Citizen
  • Member should not be less than 25 years of age.
  • He should not hold any salaried account
  • He should not acquired the citizenship of another
    country.
  • He should be mentally sound
  • Member should not be bankrupt
  • No criminal procedures against him.

www.cuchd.in
Campus Gharuan, Mohali
8
Qualifications of Members - Rajya Sabha
  • Member should be an Indian Citizen
  • Member should not be less than 30 years of age.
  • He should not hold any salaried account
  • He should not acquired the citizenship of another
    country.
  • He should be mentally sound
  • Member should not be bankrupt
  • No criminal procedures against him.

www.cuchd.in
Campus Gharuan, Mohali
9
Three Categories of Bills
Money Bill
Ordinary Bill
Constitutional Bill
www.cuchd.in
10
Parliament Session
Budget Session Feb-May (Longest)
Monsoon Session July-Aug
Winter Session Nov-Dec (Shortest)
11
Functions
  • Legislative Function
  • Financial Control
  • Providing and exercising control over cabinet
  • Critical Assessment of the Work of the Cabinet
  • Role of Opposition
  • An organ of information
  • Constitutional Function
  • Judicial Function
  • Elective Function

12
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