Causes of Your Swollen Feet Ankles Legs and Your Treatment Options - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Causes of Your Swollen Feet Ankles Legs and Your Treatment Options


While occasional swelling in your feet, ankles and legs isn't a cause for concern, reoccurring swelling may be a sign of an underlying problem. Visit your podiatrist to determine the causes of the swelling and your treatment options. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Causes of Your Swollen Feet Ankles Legs and Your Treatment Options

Causes of Your Swollen Feet, Ankles And Legs
Your Treatment Options
Swollen Feet, Ankles Or Legs Overview
  • Swelling in your feet, ankles and legs occurs
    when there is a accumulation of fluid in your
    lower extremities
  • Swelling in the lower half of your body is more
    common because of how gravity effects your bodys
  • Causes leg, foot or ankle to appear larger than
    normal and may have associated pain
  • Common result from excessive standing or walking,
    but if swelling doesnt go down you should
    consult your podiatrist

What Causes Swelling?
  • Swelling in the foot, leg and ankle can occur for
    a numerous reasons. Here are some of the most
  • Overweight Excess body weight is an major factor
    for decreased blood circulation, which leads to
    fluid accumulating in the feet, legs and ankles
  • Prolonged standing Swelling is also common in
    individuals who stand for prolonged periods of
    time because inactive muscles tend to retain
  • Certain medication Swelling in the foot, leg and
    ankle can also result from certain medications
    your are taking, including steroids, estrogen or
    testosterone, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory
    drugs such as ibuprofen and aspirin

How can I Prevent my Lower Extremities from
  • Compression socks Special socks that apply
    pressure to your lower legs, helping to alleviate
    and prevent swelling
  • Leg elevation If youre on your feet all day,
    try to elevate your feet as much as possible to
    prevent or reduce swelling
  • Limit salt intake A high-sodium diet encourages
    fluid retention
  • Warm up before exercise A simple warm up can
    help prevent injuries which cause swelling

How Swollen Feet, Ankles and Legs Affect the
  • Swelling in the lower extremities is more common
    in older adults
  • The elderly are more likely to have a medical
    condition which leads to swelling
  • Common causes for swollen feet, ankles and legs
    in the elderly include varicose veins, poor
    circulation, arthritis, kidney disease and
    congestive heart failure
  • If swelling occurs regularly, you should consult
    your podiatrist to diagnose an underlying problem
    and provide treatment for swollen feet, ankles or

How Swollen Feet, Ankles and legs Affect Diabetics
  • Individuals living with diabetes are also more
    prone to swelling in their lower extremities
  • Sign of underlying infection or inflammation
  • Can lead to more serious complications including
    foot ulcers, diabetic neuropathy, gangrene and
    complications from infections
  • Feet and ankles should be monitored daily for any
    changes such as swelling, redness or bruising. If
    youre living with diabetes and notice swelling
    in your legs, feet or ankles, you should seek
    medical attention

When to Consult a Doctor About Foot, Leg and
Ankle swelling
  • Sudden, severe swelling during pregnancy
  • Swelling is getting worse and home remedies
    providing no relief
  • Swollen area feels warm to the touch and is red
  • If youre running a fever in conjunction with

Treatment Options for Swelling
  • Home remedies include
  • Staying active and keeping feet and legs moving
  • Stand up and move at least once an hour
  • RICE rest, ice, compression and elevation
  • If home remedies dont provide relief, your
    podiatrist will need to conduct tests to diagnose
    your problem and recommended a treatment plan.
    Testing includes
  • Blood Tests
  • X-Ray
  • Urinalysis
  • While swelling is normally not a major concern,
    persistent and reoccurring swelling is. You
    should seek treatment if you notice continuous
    swelling in your feet, ankles or legs, especially
    if youre elderly, have diabetes or are pregnant

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