Smoker's Lung Symptoms and Treatments - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Smoker's Lung Symptoms and Treatments

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Smoker’s lung is a term used to describe the overall wellbeing and health of a smoker’s lung. Smoking is associated with a variety of health problems, including stroke, lung cancer – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Smoker's Lung Symptoms and Treatments


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Smoker's Lung Symptoms and Treatments
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  • Smokers lung is a term used to describe the
    overall wellbeing and health of a smokers lung.
    Smoking is associated with a variety of health
    problems, including stroke, lung cancer,

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  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),
    heart disease, asthma, diabetes, macular
    degeneration, reproductive problems in women and
    premature babies. According to the American Lung
    Association, a person has less than a one in five
    chance of still being alive five years after a
    lung cancer diagnosis. Symptoms and treatment of
    smokers lung are as follows.

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10. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Most cases of smokers lung can be categorized
    under chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or
    COPD, which affects around forty million people
    worldwide. Research shows that although it is
    only the fourth leading cause of death in the
    United States, it is the only one of the top five
    causes of death to increase over the past ten
    years. COPD is made up of two different diseases
    called emphysema, involving the lung alveoli, and
    chronic bronchitis, comprising the bronchial
    passageway.

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9. Emphysema
  • Emphysema occurs when the alveolar septae, or
    the walls of the air sacs in the lungs, are
    destroyed, causing the air spaces in the lungs to
    grow larger and decrease in quantity. The more
    the air spaces grow, the less efficient regular
    sized alveoli can properly function.

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  • Therefore, emphysema negatively affects the gas
    exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. It also
    disrupts the blood supply to the lungs, which
    creates a discolored appearance and eventually
    destroys the capillaries and the alveolar wall.

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8. Chronic Bronchitis
  • During chronic bronchitis, the cells lining the
    airway of the lungs become damaged by the
    nicotine found in smoke. The damaged tissue
    causes an accumulation of inflammatory cells,
    which release enzymes that further destroy the
    cells that line the airway.

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  • This causes an increase in the number of goblet
    cells and mucus production, which is why people
    with bronchitis regularly cough. Airway
    obstruction is a common characteristic of
    bronchitis due to mucus, inflammation and tissue
    scarring, making it hard for the lungs to fill
    with air.

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7. Pneumonia
  • People with smokers lung are at an increased
    risk of developing pneumonia. Smoking causes an
    increase in mucus production, which impairs the
    ability of the cilia to clear the lungs for air
    to get in. When coupled with bacteria,
    inflammatory cells, and damaged lung tissues, the
    secretions in the lungs are difficult to clear,
    making it easier for bacteria to flourish.
    Tobacco smoke further damages the lungs and
    create an increase in inflammatory cells, which
    makes it harder for the lungs to fight infection.

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6. Symptoms
  • Many symptoms of COPD do not occur until severe
    lung damage has occurred. Damage to lungs will
    continue to get worse when smoking persists. The
    main symptom of chronic bronchitis is a daily
    cough and mucus production for at least three
    months a year for two years in a row. Other signs
    may include shortness of breath, wheezing, chest
    pain or tightness, a chronic cough, blue lips or
    fingernails, lack of energy, fatigue, swelling in
    limbs, and unexplained weight loss.

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5. Treatment
  • Even more advanced stages of COPD can be treated
    with therapy to control symptoms, reduce the risk
    of complications and other diseases, and improve
    the quality of life. The best and most efficient
    way to treat smokers lung and COPD is to stop
    smoking.

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  • As COPD can eventually lead to a reduction in
    the ability to breathe, ceasing smoking is the
    only way to prevent further damage. Nicotine
    replacement products and medications are
    available through a medical prescription. Therapy
    may be able to help with relapses.

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4. Medications
  • Various medications are available to help treat
    COPD and smoking. Bronchodilators are drugs that
    usually involve an inhaler. They are designed to
    relax the muscles surrounding the airway
    passages, allowing for more air to get in.
    Inhaled corticosteroid medications are available
    to reduce inflammation of airway passages to
    prevent shortness of breath and asthma attacks.

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  • Phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitors are a more recent
    type of drug that is used to relax the airways
    while reducing inflammation. Theophylline is a
    very efficient and inexpensive drug used to
    improve breathing in people with smokers lung or
    COPD.

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3. Lifestyle Changes
  • Lifestyle changes are a good way to prevent the
    habits that lead to smoking. A behavioral
    therapist can help with decision making when the
    urge to smoke strikes. Avoiding chemicals such as
    artificial sweeteners, genetically modified
    ingredients, high-fructose corn syrup, excess
    sugar and salt, and junk food will help reduce
    inflammation in the lungs and help with
    breathing. Minimize the amount of processed meat,
    dairy, and wheat to help relieve mucus. Add
    ginger, garlic, cayenne pepper, and onions to the
    diet to decrease inflammation and clear mucus.

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2. Avoid Toxins
  • Eliminating household toxins and improving the
    quality of air may help ease breathing. Toxins
    can be found in chemical laden cleansers,
    bleaches, detergents, and air fresheners. Replace
    these products with chemical-free brands that do
    not contain irritants. Also, aim for
    chemical-free body products and makeup as these
    can also be aggravating when inhaled.

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  • Improve indoor air quality by vacuuming often and
    distilling essential oils, which have soothing
    antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
    The best essential oils to distil for a cough are
    lavender, lemon, peppermint, tea tree oil,
    oregano, and eucalyptus oil.

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  • 1. Natural Remedies

Adding antitussive herbs to the diet can help
improve respiratory health. Demulcent herbs help
soothe irritated lung tissue and damaged airway
passages. Expectorant herbs can help loosen up
mucus, and antimicrobial herbs help fight
infections. Licorice root is one herb that
contains almost all of these properties. It is
available in tea or tablet form. Lobelia has also
been shown to clear the airways and promote
respiratory health. Supplementing with
serrapeptase enzymes has been shown to break up
scar tissue, which may help reverse smokers lung
damage.
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