Autoimmune Hepatitis: Symptoms, causes and treatment (1) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Autoimmune Hepatitis: Symptoms, causes and treatment (1)

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Autoimmune hepatitis or autoimmune chronic hepatitis is a condition in which the body suffers from continuous liver inflammation. In autoimmune hepatitis, the body’s immune system attacks the healthy living liver cells, which triggers the inflammation. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Autoimmune Hepatitis: Symptoms, causes and treatment (1)


1
Autoimmune Hepatitis
2
Autoimmune Hepatitis
  • Autoimmune hepatitis or autoimmune chronic
    hepatitis is a condition in which the body
    suffers from continuous liver inflammation. In
    autoimmune hepatitis, the bodys immune system
    attacks the healthy living liver cells, which
    triggers the inflammation. Most doctors think
    that this condition is genetic, and autoimmune
    hepatitis is mostly found in women. There are two
    types of autoimmune hepatitis Type 1 and Type 2,
    of which Type 1 is most common. Autoimmune
    hepatitis can result in cirrhosis (scarring) of
    the liver and (ultimately) liver failure. It can
    start at any age, but most of the time it first
    sets in during the young adulthood. 

3
Causes of Autoimmune Hepatitis
  • Medical science is still not sure what causes
    autoimmune hepatitis. Why does the immune system
    of the body start attacking the liver cells are
    something that doctors are still unable to
    discover. Some medical reports have made their
    own observations which state that some White
    Blood Cells in addition to destroying harmful
    toxins from the body mistakenly take healthy
    liver cells as unhealthy cells and start
    attacking them. Various other factors which are
    considered as potential causes are hepatitis B
    and C, intake of certain kinds of medications and
    drugs, and high amounts of metals, such as copper
    and lead, found in the liver. Some doctors even
    say that extensive alcohol consumption
    and cigarette smoking can be responsible for
    autoimmune hepatitis. 

4
Symptoms
  • Autoimmune hepatitis  is very hard to recognize
    or even suspect because of the fact that the
    disease can have a sudden onset after it was
    asleep for a long period of time or its
    symptoms can gradually worsen over long periods
    of time. Very often, people have almost no
    symptoms in the early stages of the disease. The
    most common symptoms are 
  • Joint pain
  • Itching
  • Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain

5
Treatments
  • The best way to get treated from this deadly
    disease is to start your treatment early. With
    proper diagnosis, autoimmune hepatitis can be
    controlled, and in some cases the medications
    have controlled the disease to an extent.
    Medications which are given are immune-suppression
    drugs which calm down an over-active immune
    system. Type 1 autoimmune hepatitis can be
    treated, but patients suffering from Type 2 face
    a hard time, as Type 2 doesn't respond well to
    medication. In most cases, the symptoms disappear
    after some months of starting the treatment but
    its necessary to be in touch with your doctor on
    a regular basis.

6
Treatments
Continue
  • After sometime people can stop the treatment but
    there are chances that the disease may reappear
    which is why continuous lab tests and blood
    tests should be done. Treatment will differ from
    patient to patient. The main goal of the
    treatment is to control or cure the disease. Not
    all patients will respond well to medications,
    those who dont improve are certainly on the
    advanced stage and such patients are unlikely to
    respond to any medical treatments. In such cases
    a liver transplant is the best option.Autoimmune
    hepatitis is a mysterious disease because of the
    lack of knowledge in conventional medicine on the
    causes of the disease.

7
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