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History Of Ayurveda

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Ayurveda, one of the oldest traditional systems of medicine, originated in the Indian subcontinent. Ayurveda was mainly practised by the sages during the Vedic civilisation. It is said that the main source of knowledge for Ayurveda was derived from the Vedas, the holy books of knowledge. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: History Of Ayurveda


1
History Of Ayurveda
A Brief Overview
2
History and Evolution of Ayurveda
  • Historical Aspect
  • Ayurveda has been practised by Indians since 2nd
    Century BC and its origin can be traced back to
    Vaisheshika, an ancient school of Hindu
    philosophical teachings and the Nyaya, the school
    of logic.  Vaisheshika spoke about perceptions
    and inferences. This school of thought
    characterized the attributes of any
    object into 6 types. These are
  •     Substance or Dravya    Quality or
    Guna    Activity or Karma    Generality or
    Samanya    Particularity or Vishesha  
    Inherence or Samavaya
  • This new school of thought is believed to
    propagate the knowledge of Ayurveda throughout
    the country.

3
History and Evolution of Ayurveda
  • Mythological Aspect
  • It is believed that Ayurveda owes its origin to
    Brahma, the God who created the universe as per
    the Hindu Mythology. It was Brahma who passed
    this knowledge of Ayurveda to the sages for the
    well- being of the humans. The sages then
    passed this knowledge to their disciples and then
    to the common man.
  • They composed all the information about the herbs
    and medicines in form of Shlokas or hymns.
  • It is believed that all the compilations related
    to healing and medicines were contained in the
    four Vedas Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama
    Veda and the Atharva Veda.

4
Ayurveda In India
  • It was around 1500 to 1000 BC when Ayurveda in
    India developed. It followed a same developmental
    phase as the Chinese and the Western medicine
    (evolving from religious and mythological
    discipline and then moving into the medical
    system). The two schools of medicine that was
    found during this period were the Atreya
    (school of the physicians) and Dhanvantari
    (school of the surgeons).

5
Ayurveda In India
  • Agnivesha who systematised all the knowledge of
    Ayurveda from the Vedas which was the edited by
    Charaka and other scholars, its currently known
    as Charaka Samhita and contains all the
    knowledge pertaining to the different aspects
    of Ayurvedic medicines.
  • Another important compilation is Sushruta
    Samhita, which is all about the science of
    surgery. Sushruta compiled the teachings of
    Dhanvantari in Sushruta Samhita. These 2
    legendary books are being followed by
    Ayurvedic practitioners till this date.

6
Sections Of Ayurveda
  • The Ashtanga Sangraha and the Ashtanga Hrudayam
  • Written by Vridha Vagbhata, a disciple of
    Charaka, Ashtanga refers to 8 sections of
    Ayurveda
  • Internal Medicine Kaya Chikitsa
  • Paediatrics Bala Chikitsa
  • Psychiatry Graha Chikitsa
  • ENT Ophthalmology Salakya Thantra
  • Surgery Salya Thantra
  • Toxicology Agada Thantra
  • Geriatrics Jara Chikitsa
  • Aphrodisiac therapy Vajeekarana Chikitsa

7
Proliferation of Ayurveda
  • 8000 BCE 1000CE - Golden Era Of Indian
    Medicines
  • Most important books on Ayurveda were produced
    and circulated throughout the world during this
    era.
  • Indian medicine became popular amongst Greeks,
    Egyptians, Chinese, Roman, Persians, Arabs, and
    Tibetans who travelled to India during that
    time.
  • Between 1000 CE and 1200 CE, physicians such as
    Avicenna and Razes translated a great part of the
    Ayurvedic knowledge into Arabic.
  • Junior Triad of Ayurveda was written durig this
    period
  • Madhava Nidana
  • Sarangdhar Samhita
  • Bhavaprakasham

8
Ayurveda During British Rule
  • Ayurvedic practices were supported by the then
    Government, it thwarted the further evolution of
    Indian Sciences.
  • In the latter half of British rule, Ayurveda
    again drew the attention of scholars throughout
    the world.
  • New institutes were established and now, there
    are hundreds of Ayurvedic institutes all over the
    country.

9
Ayurveda During Current Time
  • A major part of the Indian population relies on
    Ayurvedic medicines for healing. Containing all
    the goodness of medicinal herbs, these
    products are 100 natural.

10
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