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Type 2 diabetes and how to prevent it

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Type 2 diabetes is a disease that seems to be spreading like wildfire, with more and more adults being diagnosed with it every year, and worryingly, many children and teenagers, too. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Type 2 diabetes and how to prevent it


1
Type 2 diabetes and how to prevent it
2
  • Type 2 diabetes is a disease that seems to be
    spreading like wildfire, with more and more
    adults being diagnosed with it every year, and
    worryingly, many children and teenagers, too.
  • However, despite diabetes cases increasing in
    epidemic proportions, the good news is that it is
    largely preventable, and there are many things
    that we can do to minimize our chances of being
    diagnosed with it.
  • What is Type 2 Diabetes?
  • Simply put, diabetes is a condition that affects
    the individual for the rest of their life, and is
    caused when their blood sugar levels get
    dangerously high.

3
  • Insulin, which is a hormone, is produced by the
    pancreas and controls the amount of glucose that
    enters the bloodstream.
  • There are 2 types of diabetes, one is caused when
    the pancreas doesnt produce any insulin at all,
    and the other is caused when the pancreas either
    doesnt produce enough insulin, or when the
    bodys cells dont respond to the hormone.
  • Whether a person who has the warning signs of
    diabetes goes on to develop full blown diabetes,
    depends mainly on whether the individual is
    willing to make lifestyle and dietary changes, to
    help return their blood glucose levels to a safe
    and normal range.

4
  • How can type 2 diabetes be prevented?
  • In some cases, genetic inheritance can influence
    the development of type 2 diabetes, but
    behavioural and lifestyle factors are far more
    likely to affect whether a person gets the
    illness.
  • Factors such as being overweight, not getting
    enough exercise, eating unhealthy foods on a
    regular basis, smoking and drinking alcohol, can
    all play a part. So, it stands to reason that if
    you follow these simple lifestyle changes, you
    will greater reduce your risk of getting type 2
    diabetes

5
  • Managing your weight
  • In fact, excess weight and being classed as
    obese, is the single most common cause of type 2
    diabetes and your chances of being diagnosed with
    it increase dramatically. Managing your weight
    and keeping it at a healthy level is the best
    defence against type 2 diabetes.
  • Getting more exercise
  • Nobody is asking you to suddenly start running
    marathons or going to yoga classes every day
    after work, but an increase in how physically
    active you are will certainly reduce the risk of
    type 2 diabetes. When your muscles are worked

6
  • harder, their ability to use the hormone insulin
    and absorb glucose, are increased, and less
    stress is placed upon the cells that make
    insulin.
  • Eating better
  • Aside from cutting out foods that are high in fat
    or sugar, there is evidence to suggest that
    regularly eating whole grains is a good way to
    protect yourself against diabetes. The bran and
    fibre contained in whole grains makes it harder
    for digestive enzymes to break the starches down
    into glucose, leading to much lower and slower
    increases in blood sugar and insulin, and as a
    result, a lower glycemic index. Wholegrains are
    also chock full of essential vitamins and
    minerals that may help to lower the risks of type
    2 diabetes.

7
  • Tackle your addictions
  • You dont need a doctor to tell you that smoking
    and drinking alcohol on a regular basis is bad
    for your health, and doing both can lead to many
    illnesses, type 2 diabetes included. If you cant
    cut both out, then at least reduce how often you
    smoke and drink.
  • If you believe yourself to be at risk of, or
    suffering from, type 2 diabetes, make an
    appointment with your local doctor and get
    yourself tested sooner rather than later.

8
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