Acute Myeloid Leukemia Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention Treatment in India - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Acute Myeloid Leukemia Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention Treatment in India

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Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer in which the white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets are attacked by bone marrow, which is a soft inner part of the bones. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Acute Myeloid Leukemia Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention Treatment in India


1
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
2
What is Acute Myeloid Leukemia?
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)  is a type of
    cancer in which the white blood cells, red blood
    cells, and platelets are attacked by bone marrow,
    which is a soft inner part of the bones.
  • Without proper treatment, acute myeloid
    leukemia can be fatal, as it can spread very
    quickly to the blood and other parts of the body.
    Fever, fatigue, and bleeding are symptoms of the
    disease. Leukemia mainly targets the red and
    white blood cells and platelets.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia is also known as acute
    myelocytic leukemia, acute myelogenous
    leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia, and acute
    non-lymphocytic leukemia. The disease can affect
    liver, brain, spinal cord, lymph nodes, and
    testicles.

3
Symptoms
  • What are the symptoms of Acute Myeloid Leukemia?
  • There are a number of symptoms of Acute Myeloid
    Leukemia (AML), which may include
  • Fever.
  • Fatigue.
  • Loss of weight.
  • Night sweats.
  • Dizziness.
  • Headaches.
  • Feeling cold all the time.
  • Weakness.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Joint pain.
  • Painful bleeding gums.
  • Vomiting.

4
Treatment
  • Which specialty of doctor to be consulted for
    the treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia in India?
  • An oncologist is to be consulted for the
    treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia in India.
  • Which hospital to be preferred for Acute Myeloid
    Leukemia in India?
  • Medanta - The Medicity hospital in India to be
    preferred for Acute Myeloid Leukemia in India.
  • What is the cost of Acute Myeloid Leukemia in
    India?
  • The treatment cost of Acute Myeloid Leukemia in
    India will be approx Rs. 65,000

5
FAQ's
  • 1. What are the causes of Acute Myeloid
    Leukemia?
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is caused due to
    destruction of DNA inside the cells of the bones,
    which is called a bone marrow. Causes of this
    disease include
  • Imbalance in blood cells.
  • Use of certain chemicals and chemotherapy drugs.
  • 2. What are the risks associated with Acute
    Myeloid Leukemia?
  • There are a few factors that cause the Acute
    Myeloid Leukemia
  • Heavy consumption of tobacco and alcohol.
  • High dose radiation.
  • Blood disorder.

6
FAQ's
Continue
  • 3. What are the possible ways to prevent Acute
    Myeloid Leukemia?
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is not preventable,
    but precautions can be taken to reduce the
    chances of getting the disease. The measures of
    prevention include
  • Quitting smoke.
  • Avoiding the use of certain drugs and chemicals
    (especially cancer-related chemicals and
    chemotherapy).
  • 4. How is Acute Myeloid Leukemia diagnosed?
  • The disease needs to be diagnosed at the earliest
    to ensure quick treatment. At Medanta, the doctor
    will begin by examining patient history, and
    conduct a physical test. The tests for the
    diagnosis include
  • Taking a blood test

7
FAQ's
Continue
  • Peripheral blood smear
  • Biopsy
  • Cytogenic Analysis
  • 5. How is Acute Myeloid Leukemia treated?
  • Treatment for acute myeloid leukemia is vital. It
    varies with the patient and stage of the disease.
    Treatment options include
  • Chemotherapy
  • It is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells by
    stopping the ability of cancer cells to grow and
    divide. It is one of the primary treatments for
    Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). It is delivered via
    the bloodstream to reach cancer cells throughout
    the body.

8
FAQ's
Continue
  • Bone Marrow transplant
  • It is a medical procedure, in which the bone
    marrow that has leukemia is destroyed and is
    replaced by highly specialized cells.
  • Radiation Therapy
  • It is a procedure that makes use of
    high-energy X-rays to destroy the cancer cells.
    It is used when leukemia cells have spread to the
    brain.

9
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