Acute Interstitial Nephritis – Overview of Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Risk factor, Prevention Treatment in India - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Acute Interstitial Nephritis – Overview of Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Risk factor, Prevention Treatment in India

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Acute Interstitial Nephritis is a common kidney disorder that causes swelling or inflammation in the kidney. Acute Interstitial Nephritis is often linked with certain infections, drug therapies or it may be caused by some unknown agent. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Acute Interstitial Nephritis – Overview of Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Risk factor, Prevention Treatment in India


1
Acute Interstitial Nephritis
2
What is Acute Interstitial Nephritis?
  • "Acute Interstitial Nephritis is a common kidney
    disorder that causes swelling or inflammation in
    the kidney. Acute Interstitial Nephritis is often
    linked with certain infections, drug therapies or
    it may be caused by some unknown agent. Acute
    Interstitial Nephritis, if not treated properly,
    may lead to complete loss of kidney function and
    can be life threatening.

3
Symptoms
  • What are the symptoms of Acute Interstitial
    Nephritis?
  • Some symptoms of Acute Interstitial Nephritis
    are
  • - Fever
  • - Rash
  • - Body ache
  • - Feelings of Nausea or vomiting
  • - Loss of appetite
  • - Fatigue and weakness
  • - Problems in sleeping patterns
  • - Changes in the urinate quantity
  • - Muscle cramps
  • - Swelling of the limbs
  • - Itching and irritation on the skin
  • - High blood pressure

4
Treatment
  • What is the cost of Acute Interstitial Nephritis
    in India?
  • Which specialty of doctor to be consulted for
    the treatment of Acute Interstitial Nephritis in
    India?
  • A Nephrologist is to be consulted for
    the treatment of Acute Interstitial Nephritis in
    India.
  • Which hospital to be preferred for Acute
    Interstitial Nephritis in India?
  • Medanta - The Medicity hospital in India to be
    preferred for Acute Interstitial Nephritis in
    India.

5
FAQ's
  • 1. What are the causes of Acute Interstitial
    Nephritis?
  • Acute Interstitial Nephritis may be caused by
  • - Drug Allergies
  • - Kidney Infections
  • - Deficiency of potassium in the blood.
  • - Presence of excessive calcium or uric acid in
    the blood.
  • 2. What are the factors which increase the risk
    of Acute Interstitial Nephritis?
  • Some factors which increase the risk of Acute
    Interstitial Nephritis in people are
  • - Diabetes
  • - High blood pressure
  • - Smoking

6
FAQ's
Continue
  • - Obesity
  • - Family history of kidney disease
  • - Unusual kidney structure
  • - Age
  • 3. What are the possible ways to prevent Acute
    Interstitial Nephritis?
  • Acute Interstitial Nephritis, in most cases,
    can't be prevented. Limiting the use of medicines
    that lead to this disease help in reducing the
    risk factors.
  • 4. How is Acute Interstitial Nephritis
    diagnosed?
  • The doctor diagnoses the Acute Interstitial
    Nephritis by conducting a kidney biopsy, which
    gives information about the inflammation in the
    kidneys.

7
FAQ's
Continue
  • An analysis of the urine tells about the
    specialized white blood cells which are visible
    in allergic reactions. The doctor may even
    conduct a gallium scan which detects the areas of
    infection.
  • - Complete blood count test
  • - Blood urea nitrogen test
  • - Blood creatinine test
  • - Blood gas test
  • - Urine test
  • - Kidney Biopsy
  • 5. How is Acute Interstitial Nephritis treated?
  • The treatment of Acute Interstitial Nephritis may
    vary depending upon the extent of the disease.
  • - Ant-inflammatory Drugs

8
FAQ's
Continue
  • Anti-inflammatory medicines might be used for
    reducing the swelling in the kidneys.
  • - Restricting the intake of certain drugs
  • By restricting the intake of medicines like
    antibiotics and proton pump inhibitors that cause
    Acute Interstitial Nephritis.
  • - Limiting salt intake
  • Reducing the intake of salt and fluid in the diet
    can relieve the inflammation and the high blood
    pressure.

9
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