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How pregnancy tests function

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Indeed, even with the best birth control strategies, there's always a chance for mistake. After all, it takes only one sperm to fertilize the egg. Finding out regardless of whether that's happened is as easy as taking an over-the-counter (OTC) pregnancy test. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How pregnancy tests function


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How pregnancy tests function
By Ela Woman
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INTRODUCTION
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Think you might be pregnant? Indeed, even with
the best birth control strategies, there's always
a chance for mistake. After all, it takes only
one sperm to fertilize the egg. Finding out
regardless of whether that's happened is as easy
as taking an over-the-counter (OTC) pregnancy
test. OTC pregnancy tests typically test your
urine for a hormone called human chorionic
gonadotropin (HCG). HCG is just present if you're
pregnant. The hormone is just released if a
fertilized egg attaches outside the uterus or to
your uterine lining. There are different ways to
gather your urine for the test. Depending on the
test you pick, you may have to gather your urine
in a container and dip a testing stick into the
liquid gather your urine in a glass and use an
eyedropper to move a small amount of fluid into a
special container place the testing stick into
the area of your normal urine stream with the
goal that it will catch your urine
midstream According to Cleveland Clinic, most
tests are 99 percent effective if taken after a
missed period. The best part is that you can do
it in the privacy of your own home. Simply open
the test, take after the instructions, and wait
for the prescribed amount of time to view the
outcomes. WHEN TO TEST How soon can you take a
pregnancy test? You should wait to take a
pregnancy test until the week after your missed
period for the most accurate outcome. If you
would prefer not to wait until you've missed your
period, you should wait at least one to two weeks
after you had sex. If you are pregnant, your body
needs time to create detectable levels of HCG.
This typically takes seven to 12 days after
effective implantation of an egg.
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You may receive an inaccurate outcome if the test
is taken too early in your cycle. Here are a few
signs that you should take a pregnancy test. 1.
You've missed your period One of the first and
most reliable signs of pregnancy is a missed
period. If you don't track your cycle intently,
it might be hard to determine regardless of
whether you're late. Many ladies have a 28-day
menstrual cycle. Consider taking a test if it's
been over a month since your last
period. Remember that your period can sometimes
be delayed or skipped because of stress, diet,
exercise, or certain medical conditions. When To
Take Pregnancy Test? Also pay attention to your
stream if you speculate pregnancy. It's basic to
experience light bleeding or spotting in the
early weeks as the egg buries further into the
uterine lining during implantation. Take note of
any difference in the shading, surface, or amount
of blood. Contact your doctor if you have
bleeding and a positive Pregnancy test kit 2.
You have cramps Implantation can also deliver a
feeling similar to menstrual cramps. In early
pregnancy, you may feel this discomfort and think
your period is practically around the corner, yet
then it never comes. Sound familiar? Take a test.
Hormone levels vary by woman and by
pregnancy. 3. Your breasts hurt
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As your pregnancy delivers increasingly estrogen
and progesterone, these hormones start to make
changes in your body to help the baby's
development. Your breasts may feel delicate and
appear bigger because of increased blood stream.
Your nipples might hurt and the veins might look
darker under the skin. Because many ladies also
experience breast discomfort in the days leading
up to their period, this symptom isn't always
indicative of pregnancy. When To Take A
Pregnancy Test If you speculate you may be
pregnant, you'll likely want to know when to take
a pregnancy test. Firstly, it's important to
understand how a pregnancy test functions, so you
can get the most accurate outcome from the test.
From the earliest starting point of your
pregnancy, the baby delivers a hormone called
hCG, or, human Chorionic Gondotrophin. This
hormone can be recognized in your urine if you
are pregnant. The levels of hCG increase as your
pregnancy advances, peaking at around 8-11 weeks,
before dropping to a lower level at 12 and four
months. Some pregnancy test kits can distinguish
hCG levels as low as 10 or 25mIU/ml. If you're
pregnant, at 10 days past ovulation (DPO) you may
have the capacity to identify around 25mIU. At 12
days past ovulation, you ought to have the
capacity to recognize around 50mIU and at 14 days
past ovulation, 100mIU. Are Pregnancy Tests
Accurate? Many home pregnancy tests claim to be
more than 99 accurate when taken on the first
day of the missed period or earlier. However an
examination found that some pregnancy tests have
poorer detection limits for H-hCG (which is what
is found in early pregnancy urine) than others.
It's more probable you will get a false negative
than a false positive, because of a faulty test
or having hormone levels too low to be
identified. When To Take A Pregnancy Test So,
when to take a pregnancy test? As mentioned
above, pregnancy test kits are designed to
recognize levels of hCG delivered by your
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body if you are pregnant. Your body may create
hCG before your period is expected, however it's
ideal to I can pregnancy test on the first day of
your missed period. If you test earlier than the
first day of your missed period, you may indeed
receive a positive outcome. But on the other hand
it's more probable that you may wind up with an
inaccurate outcome. The test may come up negative
if your hCG levels are not yet sufficiently high
to recognize the pregnancy. Then again, it may
show a positive outcome and not form into a
genuine pregnancy, because of the incidence of
spontaneous miscarriage. These can happen before
your period is expected, and normally you would
be unaware. Is It True That It's Best To Test In
The Morning? The pregnancy hormone hCG is
usually at it's highest levels early in the
morning, so especially if you are early in your
pregnancy, this is when it is the best time to
test. It is important to take note of that
excessive fluid intake before taking the
pregnancy test can actually dilute hCG and this
can make the outcome hard to read. Is It True
That It's Best To Test In The Morning? The
pregnancy hormone hCG is usually at it's highest
levels early in the morning, so especially if you
are early in your pregnancy, this is when it is
the best time to test. It is important to take
note of that excessive fluid intake before taking
the pregnancy test can actually dilute hCG and
this can make the outcome hard to read. It's
always best to take after the manufacturer's
instructions included with the test, as the
system can vary and affect your outcome if not
done legitimately.
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