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10 ways to outlive prostate cancer

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The diagnosis of prostate cancer is something no man wants to hear from his doctor – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 10 ways to outlive prostate cancer


1
10 Ways To Outlive Prostate Cancer
2
  • The diagnosis of prostate cancer is something no
    man wants to hear from his doctor. If there is a
    chance the disease will occur, there are
    proactive measures men can take to lower the
    odds.

3
  • If a diagnosis has already been confirmed,
    options exist to help fight the disease and ease
    symptoms to improve the quality of life of
    patients. The choices, whether natural or
    traditional medicinal methods are determined by
    each patient and his in-depth discussion with his
    doctor.

4
Surgery
  • Several options exist for surgical removal of
    tumors. This is best done before it spreads
    outside the prostate. A radical prostatectomy is
    a procedure in which the entire prostate and
    seminal vesicles are removed.

5
  • The risks include problems with sexual functions
    and urinary incontinence. Robotic or laparoscopic
    prostatectomy uses a camera as a less invasive
    surgery. Cryosurgery is less common and involves
    freezing the cancer cells. The success rate and
    risk factors are not yet well-known.

6
Chemotherapy
  • Drugs used in chemotherapy are widely used in
    treating many forms of cancer. They are typically
    administered by injection in the veins or orally.
    Mainly used after the cancer has spread,
    chemotherapy is considered particularly if
    hormone therapy has failed.

7
  • Sometimes to two are used hand-in-hand. Usually,
    side effects are experienced, including hair
    loss, sores on the mouth, loss of appetite,
    nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, infections, bruising,
    and fatigue. The good thing is they usually
    disappear when therapy is complete.

8
Radiation Therapy
  • There are numerous methods of treating prostate
    cancer with radiation therapy. External-beam
    radiation therapy directs x-rays on the affected
    area from outside the body. Proton therapy uses
    protons instead of x-rays.

9
  • Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)
    creates 3D images of the prostate and
    Brachytherapy uses instruments to project
    radiation inside the prostate. Radium-223
    dichloride hits bone tumors, sparing the healthy
    surrounding tissue. This has been a successful
    method of improving survival rates.

10
Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT)
  • Lowering the levels of androgens, the male sex
    hormones has been linked to slowing down the
    growth of prostate cancer. This is done by
    removing the testicles surgically or through the
    use of drugs.

11
  • There are a number of different methods, and side
    effects include impotence, loss of sex drive, hot
    flashes, the growth of breast tissue, depression,
    weight gain, muscle loss, and thinning of the
    bones. Some side effects clear up following
    treatment.

12
Vaccine Therapy
  • Like most vaccines, they are administered in
    order to combat illness and boost the bodys
    immune system and natural defense mechanisms.
    Immunotherapy, using Sipuleucel-T, is designed to
    do this by taking a blood sample to artificially
    modify a patients blood before it is returned to
    his system.

13
  • Research continues to check the success rate of
    lowering PSA levels and the shrinking of tumors.
    It has been beneficial in men with
    castration-resistant metastatic prostate cancer.

14
Relief of Urinary Blockage
  • Relieving symptoms of prostate cancer helps with
    those living with the disease. If a urinary
    blockage occurs, transurethral resection of the
    prostate (TURP) is a common practice used. Rather
    than a treatment per say, it alleviates symptoms
    through an anesthetic-induced procedure in which
    a snipper attached to a tube is inserted into the
    urethra to cut a piece of prostate tissue.

15
Bone Health
  • Maintaining strong bones is often a challenge for
    men with prostate cancer. They can also
    experience bone pain. Strontium and samarium are
    the radioactive material used to relieve pain.
    Similarly, Radium-223 reduces pain but targets
    the bone itself, rather than the surrounding area
    like strontium and samarium. Bone-building drugs,
    like denosumab and zoledronic acid, can help
    strengthen and repair them. A risk is side
    effects to the jaw including pain, swelling, and
    infection.

16
Biopsy
  • Undergoing a biopsy is an important way of
    mitigating serious problems down the road. If any
    abnormalities are detected during a DRE or
    through a PSA test, a doctor will probably
    conduct a biopsy. This is a fifteen to
    twenty-minute procedure done under local
    anesthetic. A needle is used with the help of an
    ultrasound probe, both of which are inserted into
    the rectum and a few samples of suspicious tissue
    are removed.

17
PSA Test
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Screening has
    been recognized as a factor in reducing the
    number of deaths from prostate cancer over the
    past ten years. This is especially now with
    longer life expectancies and younger men being
    proactive with their health. With a PSA test,
    cancer can be found early, even before any
    symptoms are noticed. It is accomplished by
    examining the amount of PSA in a mans blood.
    Another option is a DRE or digital rectal exam.

18
Active Surveillance And Watchful Waiting
  • Men who have been diagnosed early with
    slow-growing prostate cancer have options if
    immediate treatment would cause more harm than
    good. Active surveillance carefully monitors the
    disease using regular PSA tests, an annual DRE
    and biopsies.

19
  • Watchful waiting is for older men nearing the end
    of their lives and rather than the above tests
    treatments are considered if painful symptoms
    develop. Patient backgrounds are studied to
    determine the appropriate use of both methods.

20
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