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Title: Be Formed (Exodus)


1
Be Formed
Exodus
Dr. Rick Griffith, Crossroads International
Church Singapore CICFamily.com
BibleStudyDownloads.org
2
Change is all around us.
3
How is God forming us?
4
Why is God forming us?
5
Let's Study Through Scripture
The Bible Book by Book
6
Wilderness Wanderings
Moab
Egypt
Kadesh- barnea
Mt. Sinai
7
Key Word for Genesis
56
Election
19
7.5.03a.
2003 TBBMI
8
How can you be faithful to God in a world of
idols?
IDOLS of the HEART
2 ways
9
Main Idea of Genesis
Live out God's choice of you and promises for
blessing
10
Background to Exodus
11
Joseph's Death
(the last verse of Genesis)
"So Joseph died at the age of a hundred and ten.
And after they embalmed him, he was placed in a
coffin in Egypt" (5026)
But what about God's promise of a land?
12
"Exit-us"
Walk Through The Bible 1989
13
Visiting Corinth
14
Directions?
15
Way Out
16
Station Museum
17
Title
99
  • The English title Exodus ("a going out")
    transliterates the Greek title Exodus, from ek,
    "out," and odoj, "way" exit, departure, or
    going out.
  • Israel's leaving Egypt takes only a few chapters,
    but this key emphasis in the book makes "Exodus"
    a fitting title.

18
Key Word
98
Formation
19
What does it take to form a nation?
100
20
Argument
100
  • To become a nation Israel needed three things
  • (1) freedom
  • (2) government
  • (3) land
  • Exodus records the first two of these three
    needs.
  • The only national characteristic lacking is a
    land, which is secured in the Book of Joshua.

21
Exodus Chart
98
22
Key Exodus Sections
Exodus
Law
Tabernacle
3240
118
1931
Narrative
Instruction
23
Why is God forming us?
2 reasons
24
I. God saves us to show his power and care.
Exodus 118
25
Key Exodus Sections
Exodus
God saved Israel from slavery in Egypt
and protected them in the wilderness.
118
Narrative
26
1. God used Moses to urge Pharaoh to free Israel
from slavery to show that
The Point of Exodus 111
the LORD cared, was faithful to the
Abrahamic Covenant, and was sovereign over
Egypts gods.
27
Slides on Exodus 1
28
The Sphinx and the Great Pyramid
7
JOSEPH
Handbook pg. 24-25
57
29
Egyptians Ruthlessly Oppressed Israel
30
"Ultimate" Power
31
Who has greater power Pharaoh or Yahweh?
32
Mud Bricks
33
Hebrew Midwives appear before Pharaoh (Exodus
115-22)
34
Slides on Exodus 2
35
Moses was "thrown into the Nile" (Exod. 122)
36
Miriam (Exod. 24)
37
Acts 720-21 (NIV)
"At that time Moses was born, and he was no
ordinary child. For three months he was cared for
in his father's house. When he was placed
outside, Pharaoh's daughter took him and brought
him up as her own son."
38
Acts 722 (NIV)
"Moses was educated in all the wisdom of the
Egyptians and was powerful in speech and action."
39
Moses Flees
Thutmose III
40
Location of Midian
Canaan
Goshen
Mt. Sinai
Nile River
Egypt
Midian
41
Slides on Exodus 3
42
God calls His servant
(Exod. 3)
43
The Burning Bush
(Exod. 31417)
44
EXCUSES
1. Who am I (311)?
"God replied to Moses, 'I Am Who I Am. Say this
to the people of Israel I Am has sent me to
you'" (Exodus 314 NLT).
2. Who are You (313)?
3. What if I fail (41)?
4. I'm not gifted (410)
5. I don't want to get involved (413)
45
Slides on Exodus 4
46
The conversation between Moses and God ended only
after Aaron's appointment as ministry partner
(Exod. 413-17)
47
Moses' Life
100
Location
Dates
Reference
Period
Egypt (Academic)
1525-1485 BC
Exod. 21-10
40 years Prince
Midian (Field Ed.)
1485-1445 BC
Exod. 211-25
40 years Shepherd
Midian Egypt Wilderness
1445-1405 BC
Exod. 31 Deut. 348
40 years Leader
48
God's servant who understands his own inadequacy
will show God's sufficiency (Exod. 34)
49
Slides on Exodus 7
50
"So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and did what
the LORD had commanded them. Aaron threw down his
staff before Pharaoh and his officials, and it
became a serpent!" (Exodus 710 NLT).
51
10 PLAGUES
  1. Blood
  2. Frogs
  3. Gnats
  4. Flies
  5. Livestock
  6. Boils
  7. Hail
  8. Locusts
  9. Darkness
  10. Firstborn

Exodus 7-12
52
Slides on Exodus 12
53
2. God redeemed Israel from Egypt and protected
them in the desert to show
The Point of Exodus 1218
his sovereignty, his ability, and his
care for the nation until she had her own land.
54
Meaning of Plagues
"On that same night I will pass through Egypt and
strike down every firstbornboth men and animals
and I will bring judgment on
all the gods of Egypt. I am the LORD."
Exodus 1212 (NIV)
55
Recalling the Exodus Significance
"The Israelites set out from Rameses on the
fifteenth day of the first month, the day after
the Passover. They marched out boldly in full
view of all the Egyptians, who were burying all
their firstborn, whom the LORD had struck down
among them"
Numbers 333-4a (NIV)
56
Recalling the Exodus Significance
"for the LORD had brought judgment on
their gods."
Numbers 334b (NIV)
57
The Plagues and the Gods of Egypt Adapted from
John H. Walton, Chronological and Background
Charts of the OT, 2d ed., 85
106
Set god of desert or earth
Re, a sun god (or possibly the god Uatchit,
possibly represented by the fly)
58
The Plagues and the Gods of Egypt Adapted from
John H. Walton, Chronological and Background
Charts of the OT, 2d ed., 85
106
59
Route of the Exodus
Canaan
107
Goshen
Mt. Sinai
Nile River
Egypt
Midian
60
Crossing the Sea of Reeds
Yam Suph (Exod. 1318 cf. 1019) means "Sea of
Reeds" but was erroneously translated as "Red
Sea" in the LXX.
Amenophis II
61
The Exodus Took Faith!
I think you have some serious faith issues.
62
Why is the Exodus so significant?
  • God is more powerful than Egypt's gods (1229,
    37)!
  • God fulfilled his promise to the day (1240-41
    cf. Gen. 1515)
  • Typology of Passover lamb (123-5, 27, 43, 46
    cf. John 129 1936 1 Cor. 57-8)

63
Hebrew Calendars
The Exodus Night While the Israelites were
still in the land of Egypt, the LORD gave the
following instructions to Moses and Aaron
2"From now on, this month will be the first month
of the year for you" (Exod. 121-2)
134 221
Mar-Apr
Sep-Oct
64
Slides on Exodus 13
65
Why is the Exodus so significant?
  • Beginning of the nation (66-8)
  • New calendar (122)
  • Response of faith to receive new life

66
Slides on Exodus 14
67
PESACH
The Passover Meal
LUKE 227-38
68
Slides on Exodus 16
69
Manna (Exod 16)
70
The Cloud
Exodus 40 1 Cor. 101-4
71
The Sea
Exodus 40 1 Cor. 101-4
72
The Leader
Exodus 40 1 Cor. 101-4
73
The Food
Exodus 40 1 Cor. 101-4
74
Slides on Exodus 17
75
The Water
Exodus 40 1 Cor. 101-4
76
Slides on Exodus 18
77
Traditional Route of the Exodus
Canaan
107
Goshen
Mt. Sinai
Nile River
Egypt
Midian
78
Jesus is our New Exodus who delivers us from sin
as our Passover Lamband this shows his power and
care.
79
Could mortals and those in glorified bodies
really live together?
"And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets,
he explained to them what was said in all the
Scriptures concerning himself" (Luke 2427 NIV)
80
The Passover Lamb
"Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin
of the world!" (John 129)
81
Passover Protection
"The blood will be a sign for you on the houses
where you are and when I see the blood, I will
pass over you. No destructive plague will touch
you when I strike Egypt."
Exodus 1213 (NIV)
82
Faith Pictured
"By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling
of blood, so that the destroyer of the firstborn
would not touch the firstborn of Israel."
Hebrews 1128 (NIV)
83
The Lamb Pictured
"The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him
and said, 'Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away
the sin of the world!'"
John 129 (NIV)
84
The Cross Pictured
"For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been
sacrificed."
1 Corinthians 57 (NIV)
85
Faith in a Lamb
86
"This is my body"
87
Exodus 121-16 The Angel of Death Passed Over
Houses with Blood on the Doors
Thus says the LORD, "About midnight I will go out
in the midst of Egypt" (Exod. 114)
88
The Common Thread
What the Exodus is to the Old Testament
the cross of Christ is to the New Testament
Deliverance!
89
The Exodus Pictures Redemption
"For he has rescued us from the dominion of
darkness and brought us into the kingdom of the
Son he loves, in whom we have redemption, the
forgiveness of sins."
Colossians 113-14 (NIV)
90
1 Corinthians 101-4 (NLT)
"I don't want you to forget, dear brothers and
sisters, about our ancestors in the wilderness
long ago. All of them were guided by a cloud that
moved ahead of them, and all of them walked
through the sea on dry ground. 2In the cloud and
in the sea, all of them were baptized as
followers of Moses. 3All of them ate the same
spiritual food, 4and all of them drank the same
spiritual water. For they drank from the
spiritual rock that traveled with them, and that
rock was Christ."
91
Why is God forming us?
2 reasons
92
I. God saves us to show his power and care.
Exodus 118
93
II. God teaches us as his new people to enjoy his
presence.
Exodus 1940
94
Key Exodus Sections
Exodus
God saved Israel from slavery in Egypt
and protected them in the wilderness.
118
Narrative
95
Key Exodus Sections
God taught Israel the Mosaic Law so he could live
with them in the tabernacle
Law
Tabernacle
3240
1931
Instruction
96
1. God gave the Law to start Israel's covenant
relationship with a holy God.
The Point of Exodus 1931
97
Why was the Law so vital?
The Law gave Israel a governmental charter
98
Slides on Exodus 19
99
Moses became covenant mediator
Exodus 1940
100
Key Verse
98
"Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant,
then out of all nations you will be my treasured
possession. Although the whole earth is mine,
you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a
holy nation" (Exodus 195-6)
101
Summary Statement
Exodus
98
Israel's formation as a nation begins under God
as King by a miraculous redemption from Egypt and
revelation of the Mosaic Law to provide a kingdom
over which a descendant of Judah could rule and
to promote holiness and trust in God.
102
Slides on Exodus 20
103
The Big Ten
104
Slides on Exodus 21
105
The heart of the Mosaic Covenant is the Ten
Commandments
106
Slides on Exodus 23
107
Contrasting Two Key Covenants
116
Abrahamic Mosaic
Recipient (Date Place) Abraham as mediator for all nations in 2060 BC at Ur of the Chaldees Moses as mediator for Israel in 1445 BC at Mount Sinai
Scripture Genesis 121-3 (but formalized into a covenant in Genesis 15) Exodus 2031 is the heart of the covenant
Between God A person (for a future nation) A nation
Scope Universal ("all peoples will be blessed through you") Only Israel received the Law (Deut. 48 Ps. 14720)
108
Contrasting Two Key Covenants
116
Abrahamic Mosaic
Promises Land, seed, and blessing (without indication of time of fulfillment) Blessing for obedience and cursing for disobedience (Lev. 26 Deut. 28)
Conditions Unconditional "I will" Conditional "If you willthen I will"
Partici-pation Abraham asleep (Gen. 1517) Israel agreed to obey (Exod. 198)
Analogy Father to son (royal grant) Suzerain (superior king) to vassal (servant nation)
109
Contrasting Two Key Covenants
116
Abrahamic Mosaic
Form Oral (no written stipulations) Written on tablets of stone Pentateuch
Emphasis Blessing over discipline/judgment (five "blessings" in Gen. 121-3) Judgment/discipline over blessing (contrast Deut. 281-14 2815-68)
Christ Ultimate seed (Gen. 123) Typified in tabernacle (Heb. 810)
Sign Circumcision (Gen. 1711) Sabbath (Exod. 3113, 17)
110
Slides on Exodus 25
111
The Tabernacle
112
Ark of the Covenant
119
113
The Furnishings
119a
Brazen Altar
Laver
Altar of Incense
Lampstand
Showbread
114
Tabernacle prefiguring the Cross
115
Tabernacle prefiguring the Cross
116
God sets up a place for Him to dwell as King

7
The Tabernacle
MOSES
Exodus
Sinai
M - C - C
Kadesh Barnea
40
The Tabernacle in the Wilderness
Handbook pg. 26-29
2
16
117
Slides on Exodus 28
118
Garments of the High Priest
119c
  • Turban (gold plate over forehead)
  • Tunic (white fine linen shirt)
  • Undergarments (linen from waist to thigh)
  • Robe (blue with bells pomegranates)
  • Ephod (gold, blue, and purple with onyx stones)
  • Sash (belt to hold the garments together)
  • Breastpiece (chestpiece)
  • Urim Thummin

Exodus 28
119
High Priest Breastpiece (Exod. 2815-21 NIV)
120
2. Israel built the tabernacle where God dwelt as
King.
The Point of Exodus 3240
121
Slides on Exodus 32
122
The Golden Calf Incident
Exodus 32
123
Tablets Smashed
Exodus 3219
124
Slides on Exodus 36
125
The Tabernacle Tent
119
126
Tabernacle prefiguring the Cross
127
Slides on Exodus 40
128
God's presence filled his new palace!
Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and
the glory of the LORD filled the
tabernacle. Exodus 4034 ESV
129
Jesus brings us into a new covenant where he
indwells us with his Spirit
130
The Christian's Relationship to the Law
112
131
"Old" Replaced by "New"
NTS 266hh
Wayne Grudem, Systematic Theology, 521
"What then is the 'old covenant' in contrast with
the 'new covenant' in Christ? It is not the
whole of the Old Testament, because the covenants
with Abraham and David are never called 'old' in
the New Testament. Rather, only the covenant
under Moses, the covenant made at Mount Sinai
(Ex. 19-24) is called the 'old covenant' (2 Cor.
314 cf. Heb. 86, 13), to be replaced by the
"new covenant" in Christ (Luke 2220 1 Cor.
1125 2 Cor. 36 Heb. 88, 13 915 1224)."
132
TRADITIONAL VIEW ON LAW
104
Ex. 25-31

7
A Godly Education In Three Parts
MORAL The Ten Commandments a basis
for our current legal system. CIVIL How the
people are to live with each other in the new
social structure. CEREMONIAL How to worship God
in the new social structure.
BUT ARE THE BIG 10 MORAL LAW?
MOSES
Exodus
Sinai
M - C - C
40
Handbook pg. 26-29
13
133
Moral law means God's rules that apply to
  • Every time period
  • Every culture
  • Every place
  • Every people

134
The Ten Commandments
113a
135
The Ten Commandments
113a
136
The Ten Commandments
113a
137
Does the Law of Moses Apply to Me? (5 Views)
113c
Spectrum on Degree of Applicability
Theonomic Greg Bahnsen Reformed Willem VanGemeren Weightier Issues Walter Kaiser Modified Lutheran Douglas Moo Dispensational Wayne G. Strickland
                   
Law as applicable in every sense
Law as not applicable in every sense
This chart summarizes Stanley N. Gundry, ed. Five
Views on Law and Gospel (Grand Rapids Zondervan,
1996), where each author presents his view and
responds to the other four views. Generally
speaking, views 1-2 are similar as both are
Reformed (stressing continuity between the NT and
OT) and these stand against views 3-5 which alike
stress discontinuity. In my opinion, the
dispensational view has the most to commend it as
law in the NT is never broken into component
parts and this view clearly distinguishes Israel
from the church. Further, it is inconsistent to
change the Sabbath (Saturday) to Sunday but not
apply the OT penalties for Sabbath-breaking today
(i.e., death by stoning cf. Exod. 3114-15
352). The following chart is adapted from Lee
Hwee Chin, "The Applicability of the Law Today,"
unpublished research paper for the course "Old
Testament Survey," Singapore Singapore Bible
College, 2001), 1.
138
Two Covenants
Transition
NEW
OLD
139
Old vs. New Covenants
140
Contrasting the Covenants (2 Cor. 34)
NTS 166c
Old Covenant New Covenant
initiated by Moses (38) initiated by Christ (34)
of the letter (36a) of the Spirit (36a, 18b)
kills (36b, 7a) gives life (36b)
engraved on stone (33b, 7a) engraved on hearts (33b Jer. 3133)
glorious (37a) more glorious (38, 10)
glory faded (37b, 11a, 13b) glory ever-increases (311b, 18)
condemns men (39a) brings righteousness (39b)
deception (313) boldness (312)
veiled face of Moses (313b) unveiled faces (313a, 18a)
veiled minds (314a) unveiled minds (314b 43-6)
veiled hearts (315) unveiled hearts (316)
dullness (314a) freedom (317)
Moses reflected God's glory all believers reflect Son's glory (317)
non-transforming (37) transforming (318)
lack of zeal (313) confidence, steadfastness (34-5 41)
deception (313) sincerity (42)
141
The Tabernacle

7
God sets up a place for Him to dwell as King
MOSES
Exodus
Sinai
M - C - C
Kadesh Barnea
40
The Tabernacle in the Wilderness
Handbook pg. 26-29
2
16
142
God's presence filled his new palace!
"Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and
the glory of the LORD filled the
tabernacle." Exodus 4034 ESV
143
God's Presence Indwelt Solomon's Temple
144
What happened at Pentecost?
145
The Indwelling Spirit
146
Why is God forming us?
2 reasons
147
I. God saves us to show his power and care.
Exodus 118
148
II. God teaches us as his new people to enjoy his
presence.
Exodus 1940
149
Main Idea
God saved you to enjoy his presence
Exodus
150
What are we supposed to do about God forming us?
151
Salvation See God's power care.
Exodus Becomes Real
152
Instruction Relate to God as new covenant
believers as you enjoy his presence.
Exodus Becomes Real
153
Do you relate to Jesus as your compassionate,
High Priest?
JESUS gt RELIGION
154
Relationship, not rituals
155
New Covenant Growth
Growing
in
Christ
156
Which covenant is reflected in your life?
157
How can you better see that God saved you to
enjoy his presence?
158
Black
159
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