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Tips on Future Tense

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Tips on Future Tense [ ]. LearningPundits helps Job Seekers make great CVs [ ] , master English Grammar and Vocabulary [ ] , ace Aptitude Tests [ ], speak fluently in a Group Discussion [ ] and perform well in Interviews [ ] We also conduct weekly online contests on Aptitude and English [ ]. We also allow Job Seekers to apply for Jobs [ ] – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Tips on Future Tense


1
8 TIPS on FUTURE TENSE
  • Grammar Rules and Tips for using Future Tense

2
Classifying Tenses
  • Tense is a form of Verb which indicates the time
    and state of and action or event.
  • Classifying tenses based on the Time of Action
    He writes letters. (Present Tense Now- Present
    time of an action)He wrote letters. (Past Tense
    Before Now- Past time of an action)He will write
    letters. (Future Tense After Now- Future time of
    an action)

3
Classifying Tenses
  • Classifying Tenses based on the state of Action

Present
Past
Future
Simple
sings
sang
will sing
Continuous (progressive action)
is singing
was singing
will be singing
Perfect (completed action)
has sung
had sung
will have sung
Perfect Continuous (progressive action that is
ongoing)
has been singing
had been singing
will have been singing
4
Simple Future Used to refer to an action that
will take place in a time later than now, and
expresses facts or certainty.
  • Predict a future eventIt will rain tomorrow.
  • Express willingness or Spontaneous
    decisionI'll pay for the tickets by credit
    card.
  • Give orders
  • You will do exactly as I say.
  • Future as Fact
  • I shall be twenty next Saturday.
  • Negative version- use wont (will not)The baby
    won't eat his soup.
  • Interrogative version-use Will/Shall
  • Will the dance troupe perform in Mumbai next
    year?

5
Future Continuous Used to talk about an
unfinished action or event that will be in
progress in the future
  • Prediction or Guess
  • I suppose it will be raining when we start.
  • Projection or already planned events
  • This time next week, I will be skiing at Gulmarg.
  • Actions expected to happen in the normal course
    of things When he is in Jaipur, he will be
    staying with his friends.
  • Definite future arrangements
  • He will be meeting us at the conference next
    week.
  • Interrogative version-asking for information
    Will she be going to the college today?

6
Future Perfect Used to emphasize the relative
timing of an action which will start in the
future after another action has completed or an
event has occurred.
  • Actions completed (will/shall have past
    participle)
  • I shall have written my exercise by then.
  • One event happened before/after another (ever,
    just, already, recently, before, after)He will
    have rung up his wife before he arrives home.
  • By the time you read this I will have left.
  • Time expression (since, for, how long, whole,
    throughout, all, all along)
  • He will have known her for two years next month.
  • Negative and Interrogative version
  • They wont have arrived by 500 p.m.
  • Will you have eaten when I pick you up?

7
Future Perfect ContinuousUsed for actions which
will be in progress over a period of time that
will end some time between now and the future.
  • Actions that will continue (to be" will have
    been the present participle of the main verb)
  • Next year I will have been working here for four
    years. (will continue working)
  • Ill have been teaching for twenty years next
    July. (will continue teaching) Actions that
    mark completion When I finish this course, I
    will have been learning English for twenty years.
  • Negative version
  • I will not have been playing poker for 30 years
    by then. Interrogatives version
  • When I come at 600, will you have been
    practicing long?

8
Tips on using Future Tense
9
Tip 1 Shall
Tip 2 Going to
Going To Used to express an action that is
already decided upon and preparations have been
made. Formation be going to base of the
verb Decision, plan, intention taken at time of
talking Yes. Tomorrow I am going to resign my
job. Something in the present which tells us
about the futureIt is going to rain look at
those clouds. Express an action which is on the
point of happening Let's get into the train.
It's going to leave.
  • Shall Used with I and We to make an offer or
    suggestion, or to ask for advice in Simple
    Future.
  • With I in the interrogative form -to make an
    offer or ask for advice or instructionsShall I
    open the window?What shall I tell the boss about
    this money? With We in the interrogative form
    - to make a suggestionShall we go to the cinema
    tonight? With the other persons (you, he, she,
    they) shall is only used in literary or poetic
    situations
  • "With rings on her fingers and bells on her toes,
    she shall have music wherever she goes."

10
Tip 3 Soon, Shortly,
Tip 4 Still
Still Used to refer to events that are already
happening now and that we expect to continue some
time into the future. Used in Future Continuous
form. In an hour I'll still be finishing my
English homework. Won't stock prices still be
falling in the morning? Unfortunately, sea
levels will still be rising in 20 years.
  • Soon, Shortly, In a few moments, Tomorrow, Next
    day/ month/week/year Used to indicate future
    action.
  • They will come shortly.
  • Kumar will go to Delhi next month.
  • Presently occurs at the end of the clause and
    normally refers to a future situation in context
    of soon.
  • I will be teaching Class 6B presently. (This is
    unequivocally describing a future situation)
  • I am presently teaching Class 6B. (This is taking
    place now)

11
Tip 5 If, Unless, When
Tip 6 Present Tense
  • If, Unless, When, While, Before, After, Until, By
    the time and As soon as these clauses indicate
    future action. However, they are conjugated with
    Simple Present Tense, NOT Simple Future.
  • Let's wait till he finishes his work.You must
    wait here until your father comes.
  • If used in present tense form to talk about the
    future but not normally used with will
  • I won't go out if it rains. (not will rain)
  • I will be very happy if you come to my party.

Simple Present and Present Continuous used in
reference to future action for some cases.
Simple Present Tense Used for official
programs and timetables The school opens on 14th
June. When does the next train leave for
Chennai? Present Continuous Tense used talk
about something that we have planned to do in the
future. We are eating out tonight. The Chairman
is arriving this evening.
12
Tip 7 Be About to, Be to
Tip 8 May, Might Could, Should
May, Might, Could these modals are used when
we are not sure about the future. I might stay
at home tonight. We could see Anita at the
meeting tomorrow. Should used if we think
something is likely to happen. We should be home
in time for tea.The game should be over by
eight oclock.
  • Be about to Be about to base form of verb is
    used to express the immediate future in Simple
    Future tense.
  • Let's get into the train. It's about to
    leave.Don't go out now. We are about to have
    lunch.
  • Be to Be to base form of verb is used to talk
    about official plans and arrangements.
  • The Prime Minister is to visit America next
    month.
  • Prime Minister to visit America.(Be is usually
    left out in news reports, headlines)

13
Spot the Errors
14
Spot the Error
  • Ill come home when I will finish work.
  • Unless you do not labour hard, you will not
    pass.
  • If it will rain, I shall not go to the meeting.
  • Ill be going to study for my exams tonight.
  • Don't drop by at 720 PM. I may watch TV.

15
Spot the Error
  • Ill come home when I will finish work. Ill
    come home when I finish work.
  • Unless you do not labour hard, you will not
    pass.Unless you labour hard, you will not pass.
  • If it will rain, I shall not go to the meeting.
  • If it rains, I shall not go to the meeting.
  • Ill be going to study for my exams tonight.
  • I'm going to study for my exams tonight.
  • Don't drop by at 720 PM. I may watch TV.
  • Don't drop by at 720 PM. I might be watching TV.

16
Spot the Error
  • You must wait here until I will return.
  • Will I do the dishes for you?
  • Tickets could be shown at the gate before
    entering the theatre.
  • Frank said that he may be late.
  • Paul isn't free on Thursday. He will work in his
    aunt's shop.

17
Spot the Error
  • You must wait here until I will return.
  • You must wait here until I return.
  • Will I do the dishes for you?Shall I do the
    dishes for you? / Can I do the dishes for you?
  • Tickets could be shown at the gate before
    entering the theatre.
  • Tickets should be shown at the gate before
    entering the theatre.
  • Frank said that he may be late.
  • Frank said that he might be late. / "I may be
    late," said Frank.
  • Paul isn't free on Thursday. He will work in his
    aunt's shop.
  • Paul isn't free on Thursday. He's working in his
    aunt's shop.

18
Spot the Error
  • I like to meet the President someday.
  • Fasten your seatbelts. The plane will be about to
    take off.
  • That shall be my mother calling to see if I have
    left yet.
  • They will be talking for two hours by then.
  • Will I wear this dress tomorrow night?

19
Spot the Error
  • I like to meet the President someday.
  • I would like to meet the President someday.
  • Fasten your seatbelts. The plane will be about to
    take off.
  • Fasten your seatbelts. The plane is about to take
    off.
  • That shall be my mother calling to see if I have
    left yet.
  • That will be my mother calling to see if I have
    left yet.
  • They will be talking for two hours by then.
  • They will have been talking for two hours by
    then.
  • Will I wear this dress tomorrow night?Shall I
    wear this dress tomorrow night?

20
Spot the Error
Look at that speeding car! It will crash into the
yellow one. I think Sue arrives in Paris at 6
pm. In the coming two weeks, temperatures will
still rise. I will have been taking a bath at 7
AM tomorrow. Tomorrow, I am baking a birthday
cake.
21
Spot the Error
  • Look at that speeding car! It will crash into the
    yellow one.Look at that car! It is going to
    crash into the yellow one.
  • I think Sue arrives in Paris at 6 pm.
  • I think Sue will arrive in Paris at 6 pm.
  • In the coming two weeks, temperatures will still
    rise.
  • In the coming two weeks, temperatures will still
    be rising.
  • I will have been taking a bath at 7 AM tomorrow.
  • I will be taking a bath at 7 AM tomorrow.
  • Tomorrow, I am baking a birthday cake.
  • Tomorrow, I will be baking a birthday cake.

22
About Us
  • LearningPundits helps Job Seekers make great CVs,
    master English Grammar and Vocabulary , ace
    Aptitude Tests , speak fluently in a Group
    Discussion and perform well in Interviews.
  • We also conduct weekly online contests on
    Aptitude and English. Job Seekers can also apply
    for jobs on LearningPundits.
  • You can read more about Tips on Future Tense.
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