An overview of menopause: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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An overview of menopause: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

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Menopause is defined as occurring 12 months after your last menstrual period and marks the end of menstrual cycles. Menopause can happen in your 40s or 50s. It is a natural biological process and even though it ends fertility, you can stay healthy and sexually active. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An overview of menopause: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment


1
Menopause
2
Menopause
  • Menopause is defined as occurring 12 months
    after your last menstrual period and marks the
    end of menstrual cycles. Menopause can happen in
    your 40s or 50s. It is a natural biological
    process and even though it ends fertility, you
    can stay healthy and sexually active. Some women
    breathe a sigh of relief because they no longer
    need to worry about pregnancy.Even so, the
    physical symptoms, such as hot flashes, and
    emotional symptoms of menopause may disrupt
    your sleep, lower your energy. For some women
    menopause trigger anxiety or feelings of sadness
    and loss.

3
Causes of menopause
  • Menopause can occur because of the following
    reasons
  • As you approach your late 30s, your ovaries start
    making fewer hormones that regulate menstruation- 
    estrogen and progesterone. In your 40s, your
    menstrual periods may become longer or shorter,
    heavier or lighter, and more or less frequent,
    until eventually, you have no more periods. 
  • A hysterectomy that removes your uterus but
    not ovaries usually doesn't cause immediate
    menopause. Although you no longer have periods,
    your ovaries still release eggs and
    produce oestrogen and progesterone.

4
Causes of menopause
Continue
  • But surgery that removes both your uterus and
    ovaries does cause menopause immediately, but you
    are likely to have hot flashes and other
    menopausal signs and symptoms. 
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy can induce
    menopause, causing hot flashes during or after
    the treatment. Menopause symptoms are not always
    permanent following chemotherapy.

5
Symptoms
  • In perimenopause time you might experience these
    signs and symptoms
  • Irregular periods 
  • Vaginal dryness 
  • Hot flashes 
  • Night sweats 
  • Sleep problems
  • Mood changes 
  • Weight gain and slowed metabolism 
  • Thinning hair and dry skin 
  • Loss of breast fullness

6
Symptoms
Continue
  • It is possible but unusual to have menses every
    month right up to your last period. You are
    likelier to experience some irregularity in your
    periods. Skipping periods during perimenopause is
    common. Menses will occur every two to four
    months during perimenopause. It is possible
    to get pregnant despite irregular periods.

7
Treatments
  • Menopause does not require any medical
    treatment. Treatments focus on relieving signs
    and symptoms and managing chronic conditions that
    may occur with ageing. Following are some of
    the treatment options 
  • Oestrogen therapy remains the most effective
    treatment option for relieving menopausal
    symptoms. Depending on your medical history, your
    gynaecologist may suggest the lowest dose of
    oestrogen needed to provide relief. Oestrogen is
    also useful in preventing bone loss.  
  • In order to relieve the symptoms like vaginal
    dryness and difficulty during intercourse,
    oestrogen can be administered directly to the
    vagina using a vaginal cream, tablet or ring.  

8
Treatments
Continue
  • Vaginal tissues quickly absorb oestrogen
    released by this treatment.
  • Certain antidepressants like selective serotonin
    reuptake inhibitors may decrease menopausal hot
    flashes. These antidepressants are recommended to
    those women who can't take oestrogen for health
    reasons. 
  • Neurontin is clinically approved to
    treat seizures, but it has also been shown to
    help reduce hot flashes.
  • Before jumping on to any treatment option, it is
    best to have a consultation with your
    gynecologist. Review your options wisely.

9
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