Cancer Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Surgeons - Lyfboat - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cancer Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Surgeons - Lyfboat


A complete guide for cancer treatment in India, the cost of cancer treatment in India and list of best cancer hospitals in India. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cancer Treatment in India - Cost, Hospitals, Surgeons - Lyfboat

Cancer Treatment
What is Cancer
  • In simple terms, cancer refers to an abnormal
    growth of cells in the body. This abnormal growth
    of cells can take place in any part of the body,
    including, lungs, breasts, kidneys, bladder,
    colon, skin and prostate. Cancer cells or tumours
    can either restrict themselves to their place of
    origin (benign tumour) or travel to other parts
    of the body (malignant tumour). The signs and
    symptoms of cancer depend on the type, extent and
    severity of the condition.

Signs of cancer
  • All cells that undergo unregulated growth to form
    a mass of cell or lump (tumours) are
    characterised as cancer when they show the
    following signs
  • Continuous cell growth without any signalling
  • Continuous cell growth even under inhibition
  • Limitless cell division
  • Programmed cell death evasion
  • Blood vessel constriction
  • Metastases and invasion of other tissues

Symptoms of cancer
  • Symptoms of cancer, which depends on the type of
    cancer, start to appear when the mass of cells
    starts to multiply or forms an ulcer. Cancer
    symptoms can imitate the symptoms caused by
    anther condition that the cancer patient already
    has. Symptoms of cancer can be divided into the
    following three categories
  • Systemic symptoms
  • Local symptoms
  • Metastasis

Causes of Cancer
Cancer occurs when the cells divide
uncontrollably and there is no cell death. There
are a number of reasons that can trigger this
uncontrolled growth of cells. Typically, normal
cells get converted into cancerous cells when
their DNA gets damaged and there is either no
repair of the DNA or natural cell death.
However, the cancerous cells continue to divide
and give rise a cascade of other abnormal cells,
leading to the formation of a mass of cells. This
damage to the DNA can be triggered by a number of
factors, which can be categorized into
environmental factors or genetic factors. It is
estimated that 90 to 95 percent of cancer cases
reported each year are because of an exposure to
environmental factors (radiation, exposure to
pathogens, tobacco, and carcinogens).
Diagnosis of Cancer
  • The cancer diagnosis may be conducted as soon as
    the patient shows specific symptoms or if
    preventive screening tests for cancer turn out to
    be positive. The doctor may first ask questions
    about family and personal history before
    conducting a physical exam and lab tests (blood,
    urine, body fluids). Based on the preliminary
    findings, one or a combination of following
    imaging tests may be conducted to make a
    diagnosis of cancer
  • Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
  • Nuclear Scans
  • Ultrasound
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • X-ray
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scan

Treatment of Cancer
  • There are different types of cancer treatment
    available, the choice of which may depend on the
    type of cancer, the health status of the patient,
    age, stage of cancer and the severity of
    symptoms. Most often, either one or a combination
    of following procedures to treat cancer are opted
    by the doctors based on their diagnosis. Few of
    the treatment options for cancer are available
  • Surgery
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Gene therapy

Know More About Cancer Visit us at
  • 1-844-LYFBOAT