Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms, causes and treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms, causes and treatment

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease or IBD in short, is a problem that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract, causing the intestines to inflame. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms, causes and treatment


1
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
2
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease or IBD in short, is a
    problem that occurs in the gastrointestinal
    tract, causing the intestines to inflame.
    Treatments given to patients with inflammatory
    bowel disease are likely to counter the effects
    of this disease from getting out of hand. We find
    out here, what kind of problems occurs in the
    digestive tract, causing one to experience this
    disease.

3
Causes of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease can come about due to
    factors like unhealthy lifestyles, and improper
    ingesting of foods that aren't good for the
    system, ultimately hampering its functionality.
    Here you'll find the four main diseases that come
    about in the gastrointestinal tract, and where
    exactly each one takes place. 
  • Microscopic Colitis There are two kinds of
    microscopic colitis, 'collagenous colitis', and
    'lymphocytic colitis'. These two problems aren't
    as damaging as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's
    disease. The former problem, collagenous, takes
    place when protein builds up in the colon lining,
    causing it to inflame. The latter disease, that
    is lymphocytic, takes place in cells present
    between the linings of the colon, where white
    blood cells rapidly multiply within this space.

4
Causes of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Continue
  • Pouchitis In order to treat ulcerative colitis,
    a small part of the colon is removed, where the
    internal pouch that is placed within patients,
    experiences an inflammation. In order for waste
    to collect within the body not using an outside
    source to do this, doctors place two pouches
    inside patients called the 'Koch pouch' and the
    'ileo-anal pouch' or 'J pouch' (ileal pouch-anal
    anastomosis). With these self-created pouches
    using the patient's intestine (small), waste is
    able to collect in it, as opposed to an external
    way of doing this. The lining of these two
    particular pouches can experience an
    inflammation.
  • Crohn's Disease The inflammation of the
    digestive tract is what leads to this form of
    inflammatory bowel disease. It can occur in any
    part of the body related to the digestive system.
    It can appear in one's anal area or large
    intestine, and even in the oral cavity for that
    matter.

5
Causes of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Continue
  • Ulcerative Colitis An inflammation that takes
    place in the large intestine, leads up to what is
    called ulcerative colitis. The end of the colon
    which exits into the rectum is involved in this
    disease, and if restricted only to the rectum, is
    called 'ulcerative proctitis'.

6
Symptoms
  • The symptoms of the four diseases mentioned
    above showcase different signs that the body
    signals out to the person experiencing bowel
    problems. It is important to spot these
    immediately and seek medical attention without
    losing any time. 
  • Diarrhoea is bloody. Sometimes diarrhoea can be
    extremely watery without the evidence of blood
  • Anaemia
  • Cramping and pain in the abdomen region
  • Perianal disease and fistulae problems take place
  • Bowel movements are frequent
  • Feverish

7
Symptoms
Continue
  • Colonic strictures inflame
  • Loss in weight
  • Bowel region ruptures
  • Appetite is considerably low
  • Ulcers present in the digestive tract start to
    bleed

8
Treatments
  • If caught on time, inflammatory bowel disease
    can be detected and treated effectively. There
    are certain medications that intervene during the
    inflammation process, therefore they aid in
    reducing the effects of the disease. 
  • Anti TNF Agents
  • Infliximab
  • Immune Modifier 
  • Azathioprine
  • 6-mercaptopurine

9
Treatments
Continue
  • Antibiotics 
  • Thalidomide
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Heparin
  • Metronidazole
  • Cyclosporine A
  • Antidiarrhoeal agents
  • Acid suppressants
  • Corticosteroids 
  • Dexamethasone
  • Prednisone
  • Methylprednisolone
  • Budesonide

10
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Diet and Health Care
Tips
  • If the health tips are acted upon, you can help
    yourself during this time, where the body needs
    you to take care of it, and not further abuse it.
    Here's how you can help yourself, by changing
    certain lifestyle habits. 
  • Eat foods high in fibre like fruits, vegetables,
    nuts, whole grain breads, and so on
  • Avoid aerated drinks and stay clear from gaseous
    foods like lentils, onions, or broccoli
  • Stop smoking while you go through an IBD, or your
    condition will only get out of hand
  • Exercise on a daily basis, and maintain your
    bodily movements during this time
  • Incorporate protein diet foods, like fish and
    meats

11
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Diet and Health Care
Tips
Continue
  • Include multivitamins in your diet, and fish oil
    capsules as well
  • Eat small meals at different times of the day, to
    regulate the functions of your bowel system
    continuously
  • Inflammatory bowel disease is not something one
    would want to experience in their life. It is
    better to make sure that what you put in your
    mouth is healthy and nutritious, and not go on a
    junk binge that will only come back to destroy
    the system.

12
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