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how fire can be prevented

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fire and safety its the most important criteria in the building's. its a man made hazard which can be prevented through various steps and plans. for immediate action people should get proper training on the situation for that we should conduct proper drills. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: how fire can be prevented


1
How fire can be prevented inBuildings
2
Fire Protection
  • Fire is a chemical reaction that requires three
    elements to be present for the reaction to take
    place and continue. The three elements are
  • Heat, or an ignition source
  • Fuel
  • Oxygen
  • These three elements typically are referred to as
    the fire triangle. Fire is the result of the
    reaction between the fuel and oxygen in the air.
    Heat, fuel and oxygen must combine in a precise
    way for a fire to start and continue to burn. If
    one element of the fire triangle is not present
    or removed, fire will not start or, if already
    burning, will extinguish

3
Common fire hazards
  • Some common fire hazards are
  • Kitchen fires from unattended cooking, such as
    frying, boiling, and simmering
  • Electrical systems that are overloaded, resulting
    in hot wiring or connections, or failed
    components
  • Combustible storage areas with insufficient
    protection
  • Combustibles near equipment that generates heat,
    flame, or sparks
  • Candles and other open flames
  • Smoking (Cigarettes, cigars, pipes, lighters,
    etc.)
  • Equipment that generates heat and utilizes
    combustible materials
  • Flammable liquids and aerosols

4
Common fire hazards
  • Flammable solvents (and rags soaked with solvent)
    placed in enclosed trash cans
  • Fireplace chimneys not properly or regularly
    cleaned
  • Cooking appliances - stoves, ovens
  • Heating appliances - fireplaces, wood burning
    stoves, furnaces, boilers, portable heaters
  • Household appliances - clothes dryers, curling
    irons, hair dryers, refrigerators, freezers
  • Chimneys that concentrate creosote
  • Electrical wiring in poor condition
  • Leaking Batteries
  • Personal ignition sources - matches, lighters

5
Fire and Safety materials
  • Your facilitys emergency response plan
  • Fire extinguisher(s),
  • Handouts (obtained from Seattle Fire Department)
    Workplace Fire Safety,
  • Video (obtained from Seattle Fire Department)
    Evacuation,
  • the Employees Guide to Survival, Fire...In the
    Workplace and/or How to Select and Safely Use
    Portable Fire Extinguishers

6
Elements of a fire and safety policy
  • Fire and safety policies apply at the
    construction of a building and throughout its
    operating life. Building codes are enacted by
    local, sub-national, or national governments to
    ensure such features as adequate fire exits,
    signage, and construction details such as fire
    stops and fire rated doors, windows, and walls.
    Fire safety is also an objective of electrical
    codes to prevent overheating of wiring or
    equipment, and to protect from ignition by
    electrical faults.
  • Fire codes regulate such requirements as the
    maximum occupancy for buildings such as theatres
    or restaurants, for example. Fire codes may
    require portable fire extinguishers within a
    building, or may require permanently installed
    fire detection and suppression equipment such as
    a fire sprinkler system and a fire alarm system.

7
Elements of a fire and safety policy(cont..)
  • Local authorities charged with fire safety may
    conduct regular inspections for such items as
    usable fire exits and proper exit signage,
    functional fire extinguishers of the correct type
    in accessible places, and proper storage and
    handling of flammable materials. Depending on
    local regulations, a fire inspection may result
    in a notice of required action, or closing of a
    building until it can be put into compliance with
    fire code requirements.

8
Homely fire and safety strategy
  • Keep a fire extinguisher near the kitchen and
    have it checked yearly. Learn how to use it. Put
    out food or grease fires in a pan with a lid or
    another pot.
  • Teach children safety rules for matches, fires,
    electrical outlets, electrical cords, stoves, and
    chemicals. Keep matches and flames, such as
    candles or lanterns, out of the reach of
    children.
  • Buy children's sleepwear made of flame-retardant
    fabric. Dress children in flame- and
    fire-retardant clothing. Older adults need to be
    careful about wearing clothing with loose
    material that could catch on fire.

9
Fire Response Plans
  • For better fire and safety Know which of the
    following your building has, as well as their
    location and use
  • Manual pull alarms
  • Fire extinguishers
  • Smoke detectors
  • Fire alarm monitoring service
  • Exit doors stairwells
  • Voice alarm
  • Sprinklers
  • Fire doors
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