Dementia: symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Dementia: symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

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Dementia is a broad term which describes symptoms affecting memory, thinking ability that creates hindrance in performing daily activities. Two important brain functions are badly hit namely- memory and judgement. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dementia: symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment


1
Dementia
2
Dementia
  • Dementia is a broad term which describes
    symptoms affecting memory, thinking ability that
    creates hindrance in performing daily activities.
    Two important brain functions are badly hit
    namely- memory and judgement. A person suffering
    from dementia is incapable to perform activities
    like paying bills or becoming lost while driving.

3
The Causes
  • When an individual suffers from dementia,
    his/her nerve cells in the brain get damaged.
    Dementia affects people differently depending
    upon the affected area in the brain. Dementia can
    be grouped in two categories- (i) which cannot
    be reversed and deteriorate overtime and (ii)
    which can be reversed when treated timely

4
Symptoms
  • Most common signs of dementia include
  • Memory Loss
  • Difficulty in communication or searching words
  • Unable to complete tasks
  • Inability to do planning and organizing
  • Getting lost or issues with disorientation
  • Behavioural changes
  • Hallucinations
  • Inability to reason
  • Types of dementias that are irreversible 
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Vascular dementia 
  • Lewy body dementia 
  • Frontotemporal dementia 

5
Symptoms
Continue
  • Conditions linked to dementia which can be
    overturned in time 
  • Infections and immune disorders 
  • Metabolic issues and endocrine deformity 
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Reactions to medications 
  • Poisoning 
  • Brain tumours
  • Anoxia 
  • Normal-pressure hydrocephalus

6
Examination and diagnosis
  • Dementia and other related conditions have
    multiple causes and treating them can be a
    daunting task for your medical practitioner. You
    may require several sittings with the doctor.
    Your doctor will go through your medical history
    and conduct regular physical examination. He/she
    may perform a number of tests in order to
    diagnose dementia and rule out other health
    conditions.Thinking and neuropsychological
    testsIn these tests, doctor will assess your
    thinking function. These tests are necessary to
    measure skills like memory, attention, judgment,
    reasoning and more. On the basis of these
    tests neurologists get to know the magnitude of
    dementia and which part of brain it has affected.

7
Examination and diagnosis
Continue
  • Neurological assessmentIn this test, doctors
    will gauge your senses, movements, reflexes,
    flexibility etc. It helps in knowing whether
    conditions, other than dementia, prevail or
    not.Lab TestsGeneral blood tests can rule out
    the possibility of any physical problem that can
    affect brain functionality. Psychiatric
    assessmentYour doctor may refer to a
    psychologist in order to determine
    whether depressionor any other psychological
    condition may be causing your symptoms.

8
Treatments
  • Simple home remedies to deal with dementia
  • Enhance communication
  • Encourage exercise
  • Active participation in various games and
    thinking activities
  • Encourage keeping a calendar
  • Planning for the future

9
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