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Conduct Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Conduct disorder (CD) is a psychological disorder, sometimes also referred to as a behavioral disorder. This disorder is often diagnosed during childhood or adolescence. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Conduct Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment


1
Conduct Disorder
2
Conduct Disorder
  • Conduct disorder (CD) is a psychological
    disorder, sometimes also referred to as
    a behavioural disorder. This disorder is often
    diagnosed during childhood or adolescence. The
    patients of conduct disorder represent themselves
    through an antisocial behaviour, which violates
    the rights of others and is objectionable to the
    society. The aggressive and destructive character
    of the child makes him reckless and negligent
    towards the society. A person with conduct
    disorder may seem resilient and self-assured but
    in reality, they are very insecure and always
    scared of their social surroundings. Therefore,
    they sometimes take violent measures to protect
    themselves. The type of conduct disorder is,
    decided according to the age at which symptoms
    first appear. A conduct disorder may appear
    before the age of 10, or during the teenage.
    Sometimes the age at which signs and symptoms
    first appeared is, not known.

3
Causes of Conduct Disorder
  • Several environmental and genetic factors
    contribute in the development of conduct disorder
    in child. 
  • Frontal lobe damage
  • Problem solving and learning disability
  • Lack of instinct control
  • Impoverishment
  • History of child abuse
  • Dysfunctional family
  • Peer pressure
  • Stressful environment

4
Symptoms
  • A child with conduct disorder does not care
    about the rules and regulations and is apathetic
    towards others. The symptoms of behavioural
    disorder can be categorised into 4
    types  Deceitful Behaviour
  • Dishonesty
  • Lying
  • Larceny
  • Pilfering
  • Violation of rules 
  • Bunking school
  • Eluding from home
  • Drug and alcohol use
  • Engaging in sexual behaviour at very early age

5
Symptoms
Continue
  • Aggressive conduct
  • Rape and molestation
  • Oppressing others
  • Frequent fights
  • Brutality towards animals
  • Carrying a weapon
  • Destructive Behaviour 
  • Cutting yourself
  • Overeating
  • Bullying
  • Arson

6
Diagnosis of Conduct Disorder
  • Qualified mental health professionals  such as
    a psychiatrist or psychologistcan help in the
    diagnosis of conduct disorder. These mental
    health professionals evaluate and observe the
    behavioural patterns of child and try to find out
    the root cause of other problems. A mental health
    doctor also asks a number of questions from the
    childs parents and teachers to know more about
    behavioural conduct of the child. Sometimes
    conduct the disorder may also lead to
    other mental problems such as mood and anxiety
    disorders, hyperactivity, learning and stress
    disorder, or substance abuse.

7
Treatments
  • A psychiatrist carries out the treatment,
    according to the severity of the symptoms. Other
    factors such as the childs age, medical history,
    and parents consent on the type of therapy are,
    also taken under consideration. A mental health
    doctordecides whether the treatment can be, done
    by the therapies alone or a combination of
    medications and therapy has to be used. However,
    medicine is not, considered effective in the
    treatment of conduct disorder, a medicine may be,
    given to prevent the symptoms of other mental
    health problems. Common therapies for the
    treatment of conduct disorder include Family
    therapy- This therapy concentrates on making the
    positive changes within the family. Refining
    communication skills and encouraging family
    interactions are the part of family therapy

8
Treatments
Continue
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy- This therapy
    includes enhancing childs problems solving
    ability, instinct control, communication skills,
    and learning anger management.

9
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