Angina Pectoris: Risk factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation

Angina Pectoris: Risk factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment


Angina pectoris is a medical condition resulting in chest pain or discomfort. Angina pectoris occurs when the heart is not getting enough blood supply. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:255


Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Angina Pectoris: Risk factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Angina Pectoris
Angina Pectoris
  • Angina pectoris is a medical condition resulting
    in chest pain or discomfort. Angina pectoris
    occurs when the heart is not getting enough blood
    supply. The oxygen rich blood is not able to
    reach the heart due to the buildup of plaque,
    which results in narrowing of coronary arteries.
    Lack of proper blood supply to the heart
    increases the risk of pain, heart attack, stroke,
    and other coronary artery diseases. However, the
    pain related to angina is temporary, but if left
    untreated can make serious heart
    complications inevitable. There are two types of
    angina pectoris Stable Angina- It occurs when
    a patient is involved in some kind of physical
    activity like exercise. During physical activity,
    the heart becomes overactive often leading to
    pain in the chest. Stable Angina is also known as
    chronic angina, as it follows a regular

Angina Pectoris
  • Unstable Angina- It can occur anytime, even when
    a person is resting. Unstable angina is less
    common than the stable angina, but can get worse
    over time and may lead to a heart attack. There
    is another type of rare Angina known as Variant
    angina, which occurs due to unusual narrowing
    down of blood vessels that supply blood to the

Risk factors of Angina Pectoris 
  • Patients with coronary artery disease  are at
    greater risk of angina. Some common risk factors
    of angina include
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • High level of bad cholesterol
  • Obesity
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Smoking
  • Physical inactivity
  • Having a history of Cardiovascular disease
  • Unhealthy work out
  • Living in extreme hot or cold conditions

  • Pain and discomfort in the chest is a most
    common symptom of angina. A patient with angina
    pectoris may also feel squeezing of the chest,
    pressure, heaviness, tightening, and burning
    sensation around the chest. The pain during
    angina can spread up to neck, shoulder, and arms.
    The symptoms of stable angina last from a few
    seconds to 15 minutes. Some other symptoms of
    angina pectoris are
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Anxiety
  • Nausea
  • Abnormal sweating
  • Breathing problems
  • Heartburn
  • Indigestion

Diagnosis of Angina Pectoris
  • The doctor will a study the medical history of a
    patient and may perform a physical test, which
    will include checking of the patients blood
    pressure, heartbeat, and pulse. The doctor may
    also run tests to diagnose angina. Diagnostic
    tests for angina may include Angiography- Is
    an imaging technique that allows doctor to see
    the patients blood vessels. The angiography exam
    reveals which artery is affected.Electrocardiogr
    am- Determines the electrical activity of the
    heart and measures the rhythm of the
    heart. Blood tests- To measure the levels of
    cholesterol, fats, diabetes, and proteins.

  • The goal of the angina pectoris treatment is to
    provide relief from the painful symptoms and to
    reduce the risks of heart attack. The treatment
    of angina includes medications, surgery, and
    lifestyle changes. 
  • Medications The patient of angina pectoris is
    often prescribed with nitrates. Nitrates help in
    reducing the frequency of angina attacks by
    relaxing and widening blood vessels. A patient
    may also be, given beta-blockers, calcium channel
    blockers, anticoagulants, and high blood
    pressure medications. These medications lower the
    blood pressure, ease the chest discomfort, and
    prevent blood from clotting. 

  • Surgery If medicinal treatment is not giving
    desired results, surgical procedures are required
    to treat angina. The most common surgical
    procedure used for the treatment of angina is
    angioplasty, which is also known as stent
    procedure. The stent is permanently placed in the
    patients artery to prevent it from blockage. The
    stent keeps the passage open, allowing blood to
    flow easily.Lifestyle changes 
  • Avoid smoking
  • Controlling weight
  • Controlling diabetes and cholesterol
  • Rest
  • Avoiding alcohol
  • Healthy diet

  • Logon to
  • Like us on Facebook
  • https//
  • Follow us on Twitter
  • https//
  • Follow us on Pinterest
  • https//
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)