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Arthritis: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment and prevention

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Arthritis is defined as inflammation of one or more joints, leading to pain and stiffness that can worsen with age. There are as many as 100 types of arthritis with distinctive symptoms and causes. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Arthritis: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment and prevention


1
Arthritis
2
Arthritis
  • Arthritis is defined as inflammation of one or
    more joints, leading to pain and stiffness that
    can worsen with age. There are as many as 100
    types of arthritis with distinctive symptoms and
    causes. Arthritis affects the joints, the tissue
    that surrounds the joint and tissues connected
    with joints. Arthritis affects more than 180
    million people in India. Arthritis is mainly
    divided into groups which are described below 
  • Connective Tissue Disease (CTD)- Connective
    Tissue is the tissue that holds together or
    divides other body tissues and organs. Pain in
    the joints is a common symptom of CTD.
    Scleroderma and dermatomyositis are popular
    examples of CTD.

3
Arthritis
Continue
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis- Rheumatoid Arthritis is a
    chronic autoimmune disease that affects both the
    joints of the hand, wrist or knee. It can occur
    in any age group and often results in long
    lasting stiffness and fatigue.
  • Metabolic Arthritis- Uric acid is a chemical
    developed as a body classifies the substance
    called purine, which is found in human cells and
    food. This arthritis creates sudden spikes
    of unbearable joint pain and even gout attack.
  • Infectious Arthritis- This arthritis is the
    result of virus or fungus that enters the joint
    and stimulates inflammation.

4
Causes of Arthritis
  • There is no definite cause of arthritis. Causes
    of arthritis depend upon the particular form of
    arthritis. Probable causes of arthritis are 
  • Infection
  • Immune system dysfunction
  • Injury
  • Genetic
  • Unusual Metabolism

5
Symptoms
  • Warning signs of this chronic disease are
  • Swelling-Arthritis causes an abnormal enlargement
    of a part of the body. This is due to the
    accumulation of fluid.
  • Pain- The feeling of constant pain in the many
    parts of the body.
  • Stiffness- Stiffness in the muscles upon waking
    up, or sitting at one place for long, upon waking
    up in the morning or after sitting at a desk. One
    may feel stiffness in finger, wrist, elbow,
    knees, ankles, shoulder or in any other joint.
  • Fever, chills, fatigue, loss of appetite and
    headaches are some other common symptoms of
    arthritis.

6
Diagnosis of Arthritis 
  • Diagnosis of the arthritis disease is done, to
    know its current and past status. The combination
    of radiography, laboratory test and physical
    examination may be carried out. Diagnostic tests
    to diagnose arthritis include 
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI
  • Blood Culture
  • Joint X-Ray
  • Tear Test
  • Thyroid Function Test
  • Uric Acid Test 

7
Treatments
  • Arthritis can be treated by following methods
  • Medication
  • Joint Replacement Surgery
  • Physical Therapies
  • Joint Assistive Aids
  • Weight Loss

8
Prevention of Arthritis
  • Following methods are used in order to prevent
    arthritis 
  • Stay Active
  • Diet Rich In calcium
  • Rest
  • Control Weight Gain
  • Plenty of water intake
  • Yoga and other light exercise

9
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