Gonorrhea: Overview, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment and prevention - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Gonorrhea: Overview, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment and prevention

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Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). It's caused by infection with the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It tends to infect warm, moist areas of the body, including the: urethra – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gonorrhea: Overview, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment and prevention


1
Gonorrhea
2
Gonorrhea
  • Gonorrhea, is a sexually transmitted infection
    caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
    Sexually transmitted infections are infections
    that can be transferred from one person to
    another through any type of sexual contact.
    Sexual contact is not related only to sexual
    intercourse (vaginal-anal) but it may also
    include any oral-genital contact. Most of the
    STDs can be cured, both some severe STDs such as
    HIV or Hepatitis B cannot be cured so easily.
  • Gonorrhea is one of the oldest known sexually
    transmitted diseases. Among individuals who are
    infected with gonorrhea, 50 to 70 also will be
    infected with chlamydia, another type of bacteria
    that causes another STD.
  • Gonorrhea cannot be transmitted from toilet seats
    or door handles. The bacterium that causes
    gonorrhea requires very specific conditions for
    growth and reproduction.
  • Gonorrhea bacteria it live on the skin of the
    hands, arms, or legs. It survives only on moist
    surfaces within the body such as throat, eyes and
    is found most commonly in the vagina, and, more
    commonly, the cervix.

3
Symptoms of Gonorrhea
  • Most of women and men infected with gonorrhea
    don't have any noticeable symptoms, most of the
    symptoms occur within 14 days of transmission.
  • Symptoms in men may include
  • Painful sensation during urination
  • Greater frequency or urgency of urination
  • A pus-like discharge (or drip) from the penis
    (white, yellow, beige, or greenish)
  • Swelling or redness at the opening of the penis
  • Swelling or pain in the testicles
  • A persistent sore throat

4
Symptoms of Gonorrhea
Continue
  • Symptoms in women may include
  • Discharge from the vagina (watery, creamy, or
    slightly green)
  • Pain or burning sensation while urinating
  • The need to urinate more frequently
  • Heavier periods or spotting
  • Sore throat
  • Pain upon engaging in sexual intercourse
  • Sharp pain in the lower abdomen
  • Fever

5
Cause of Gonorrhea
  • Gonorrhea has only one cause, it is only
    transferred from one person to another during
    sexual intercourse and is affected by a bacterial
    Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection. Previous
    infection doesn't confer immunity, a person who
    is infected above, can also get infection again
    for the next time.

6
Diagnosis of Gonorrhea
  • Test done for the diagnosis of Gonorrhea may
    include
  • Testing for gonorrhea is done by swabbing the
    infected site (rectum, throat, cervix) and
    identifying the bacteria in the laboratory either
    through culturing of the material from the swab
    (growing the bacteria) or identification of the
    genetic material from the bacteria.
  • Newer tests to diagnose gonorrhea involve the use
    of DNA probes or amplification techniques (for
    example, polymerase chain reaction, or PCR) to
    identify the genetic material of the bacteria.

7
Treatments of Gonorrhea
  • Gonorrhea is usually treated with an antibiotic
    injection of Ceftriaxone one time intramuscularly
    or a single dose of Azithromycin by mouth.
  • Treatment should always include medication that
    will treat chlamydia for example, azithromycin
    (Zithromax, Zmax)or doxycycline (Vibramycin,
    Oracea, Adoxa, Atridox and others) as well as
    gonorrhea, because gonorrhea and chlamydia
    frequently exist together in the same person.

8
Treatments of Gonorrhea
Continue
  • Complications of untreated Gonorrhea
  • Gonorrhea should be treated in a person at the
    correct time, as not treated gonorrhea in women
    may lead to the gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum
    (blindness through infection) in infants born to
    such mothers. Most of the 28 of child are known
    to have such complication from birth born to such
    mothers.

9
Treatments of Gonorrhea
Continue
  • Other more complication from un-treated
    gonorrhea may include
  • For men
  • Inflammation of the epididymis
  • Inflammation of the prostate gland
  • Inflammation of the urethra
  • For women it may include
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Inflammation of the tissue surrounding the liver
  • A rare complication associated with
    Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome, septic arthritis in
    the fingers, wrists, toes, and ankle, septic
    abortion, chorioamnionitis during pregnancy,
    neonatal or adult blindness from conjunctivitis
    and infertility

10
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