Tinea Versicolor: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Tinea Versicolor: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

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Tinea Versicolor is a common skin infection caused by fungus Malassezia. Tinea Versicolor is not contagious and does not cause any health issues. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Tinea Versicolor: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment


1
Tinea Versicolor
2
Tinea Versicolor
  • Tinea Versicolor is a common skin
    infection caused by fungus Malassezia. Tinea
    Versicolor is not contagious and does not cause
    any health issues. However, multiple patches on
    the skin can cause emotional distress among
    patients. The malassezia fungus lives on the skin
    and protects it from other infections and
    diseases, but sometimes the unexpected growth of
    fungus leads to the loss of skin pigmentation.
    Tinea Versicolor is common among teenagers due to
    hormonal fluctuations. However, Tinea Versicolor
    can affect people of all ages and genders. Tinea
    Versicolor is also known as Pityriasis. 

3
Causes of Tinea Versicolor 
  • The rapid growth of fungus causes the
    discoloration of skin resulting in Tinea
    Versicolor. Certain biological and environmental
    factors can cause overgrowth of fungi on the
    skin. Possible causes of Tinea Versicolor
    are Weak immune system
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Excessive oily skin
  • Living in hot and humid weather
  • Excessive sweating
  • Genetic history of Tinea Versicolor

4
Symptoms
  • The most visible symptom of Tinea Versicolor is
    the changes in skin color. These discolored
    patches usually appear on arms, chest, back, or
    neck. Tinea Versicolor often results in the loss
    of skin color in people with dark skin this known
    as hypopigmentation and in some people skin
    appears to be dark which is known as
    hyperpigmentation. The symptoms of Tinea
    Versicolor get worse in the hot and humid
    weather. Other common symptoms of Tinea
    Versicolor are Dry skin
  • Itchy skin
  • Formation of red, white or brown color patches
  • Permanent tanned skin

5
Diagnosis of Tinea Versicolor
  • A dermatologist can diagnose Tinea Versicolor
    simply by looking at the discolored patches.
    Sometimes dermatologists take the sample from the
    affected area. The sample is further observed
    under a microscope to determine the possible
    cause of the infection. A patient should tell the
    doctor about their medical history and symptoms
    they have been experiencing.

6
Treatments
  • The treatment of Tinea Versicolor depends on the
    factors such as severity of the infection,
    climate, thickness and area of the infection. The
    treatment of Tinea Versicolor involves the
    combination of lifestyle changes and
    medicines. Anti fungal medications to prevent
    the infection from spreading to other body parts.
  • Creams and lotions containing pyrithione zinc or
    ketoconazole can kill rapid growth of fungus on
    the skin.
  • Using anti-fungal soap to clean the affected
    area.
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays.
  • Avoid going out in hot and humid temperature.
  • Bath daily to avoid excessive accumulation of oil
    and dirt on the skin.

7
Prevention of Tinea Versicolor 
  • In order to prevent Tinea Versicolor from
    relapsing, a dermatologist may prescribe a skin
    or oral treatment that you use once or twice a
    month including
  • Selenium sulfide
  • Ketoconazole cream, gel, shampoo
  • Itraconazole tablets, capsules or oral solution
  • Fluconazole tablets or oral solution

8
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