Necrotizing Fasciitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Necrotizing Fasciitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

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Necrotizing fasciitis is a bacterial skin infection that can destroy skin, tissues and muscles in short time. People with weak immune system are at higher risk of developing Necrotizing fasciitis. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Necrotizing Fasciitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment


1
Necrotizing Fasciitis
2
Causes of Necrotizing fasciitis
  • Several types of bacteria can cause necrotizing
    fasciitis. However, some common bacteria such as
    streptococcus, klebsilla, clostridium, aeromonas
    hydrophilia, and echerichia oil can cause
    Necrotizing fasciitis. These bacteria enter your
    body through the broken skin. Injury, surgical
    incisions, or any kind of cut can break the skin
    creating passage for the bacteria. People who
    have chronic heart or lung disease or have skin
    lesions are at greater risk of developing
    Necrotizing fasciitis. Excessive consumption of
    alcohol or injecting illegal drugs and steroids
    can also increase the chance of getting
    Necrotizing fasciitis.

3
Symptoms
  • The symptoms of necrotizing fasciitis depend on
    the severity of the condition. Necrotizing
    fasciitis spreads very spontaneously and the
    signs and symptoms become evident. Consult a
    dermatologist immediately if you experience any
    of these symptoms. Common symptoms of necrotizing
    fasciitis include 
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting
  • Chills and fever
  • Unexplained sweating
  • Infrequent urination
  • Dizziness

4
Symptoms
Continue
  • Rashes on the genital areas
  • Skin becomes highly sensitive
  • Skin discoloration
  • Black scabs
  • Rapid breathing
  • Septic infection

5
Necrotizing Fasciitis
  • Necrotizing fasciitis is a bacterial skin
    infection that can destroy skin, tissues and
    muscles in short time. People with weak immune
    system are at higher risk of developing
    Necrotizing fasciitis. If left untreated,
    Necrotizing fasciitis can spread to other body
    parts which may lead to death. Necrotizing
    fasciitis can occur in almost any area of the
    body. Necrotizing fasciitis affects the tissue
    that surround nerves, muscles, and blood vessels.
    Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare skin infection
    but can be life-threatening if not treated
    properly. The bacteria streptococcus also known
    as flesh eating bacteria is one of the prime
    causes of necrotizing fasciitis. Basic hygiene
    measures such as washing hands before eating and
    after going bathroom, using anti-bacterial soap
    for cleansing, and keeping the wounds clean and
    dry can help reduce the risk of developing
    Necrotizing fasciitis. 

6
Diagnosis of Necrotizing fasciitis 
  • A dermatologist will start the diagnosis of
    Necrotizing fasciitis by performing a physical
    exam and asking about your medical history. After
    this, he may order a diagnostic test to get
    detailed information about the condition. Diagnost
    ic testsfor Necrotizing fasciitis may
    include Complete Blood Count (CBC) to measure
    the amount of red blood cells, white blood cells,
    and platelets in the body.
  • X-rays to check for gas in the soft tissue
  • Computer Tomography (CT) scan and Magnetic
    Resource Imaging (MRI) to identify the areas with
    fluid accumulations.
  • Tissue biopsy means taking the sample of the
    affected tissue and observing it under the
    microscope.

7
Treatments
  • The treatment of Necrotizing fasciitis starts
    with the dosage of antibiotics, which may be
    given orally or intravenously. Antibiotics slow
    down the growth of infection and prevent the
    decaying of skin tissue. In case the infection is
    severe and antibiotics are not providing any
    relief from the symptoms, then a dermatologist
    may remove the dead tissues surgically. Sometimes
    one or more limbs are removed to stop the
    infection from spreading to other body parts.

8
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