Overview of Root Canal Treatment By Dr. Ajwani’s Family & Cosmetic Dental Centre - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Overview of Root Canal Treatment By Dr. Ajwani’s Family & Cosmetic Dental Centre

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Title: Overview of Root Canal Treatment By Dr. Ajwani’s Family & Cosmetic Dental Centre


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Overview of Root Canal Treatment(RCT)
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Root Canal Treatment(RCT)
  • A root canal is the space within the root of a
    tooth.
  • It is part of a naturally occurring space within
    a tooth that consists of the pulp chamber (within
    the coronal part of the tooth), the main
    canal(s), and more intricate anatomical branches
    that may connect the root canals to each other or
    to the surface of the root.
  • The smaller branches are most frequently found
    near the root end (apex) but may be encountered
    anywhere along the root length.
  • There may be one or two main canals within each
    root.
  • Some teeth have more variable internal anatomy
    than others.
  • This space is filled with a highly vascularized,
    loose connective tissue, the dental pulp.
  • The dental pulp is the tissue which forms the
    dentin portion of the tooth.
  • The formation of secondary teeth (adult teeth) is
    completed by 1-2 years after eruption into the
    mouth. Once the tooth has reached its final size
    and shape, the dental pulp's original function
    ceases for all practical purposes. It takes on a
    secondary role as a sensory organ.

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Facts About Root Canal Treatment(RCT)
  • Q. What Are the Goals of Root Canal Treatment?
  • Ans. As an alternative to an extraction, the
    goals of root canal treatment are to save the
    tooth and allow it to be retained in the mouth
    for many years in a state of health, function,
    and comfort. Root canal treatment is directed
    towards removing diseased tissue from the inside
    of the tooth and subsequently filling and sealing
    the root canal space in order to minimize the
    possibility of future re-infection.
  • Q. Why Is Root Canal Treatment Called Endodontic
    Treatment?
  • Ans. Endodontic is a word composed of two Greek
    words, "endo" meaning "inside," and "odont"
    meaning "tooth." Endodontics is that branch of
    dentistry that deals with the diagnosis,
    prevention, and treatment of diseases that arise
    from the soft tissues inside the tooth. These
    tissues are referred to as the dental pulp and
    they occupy the root canal space. Thus,
    endodontic treatment is also called root canal
    treatment.

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  • Q. If a Tooth Has Had Root Canal Treatment, Is It
    a Dead Tooth?
  • Ans. Root canal treatment does not kill a tooth.
    Even though root canal treatment removes the pulp
    tissue from inside the tooth, the tooth is by no
    means "dead." Following successful endodontic
    treatment, the tooth continues to receive its
    blood supply and nourishment from the surrounding
    tissues and the supporting bone. The body's
    immune system continues to recognize an
    endodontically treated tooth as viable and
    healthy, just as it recognizes any other normal
    non-treated tooth. An endodontically treated
    tooth generally requires a protective crown and,
    once this restoration has been completed, the
    tooth continues to function as an integral
    component of the dental arch. A tooth that has
    had root canal treatment and has been properly
    restored is no more susceptible to fracture,
    decay, or gum disease than any other tooth.

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Fundamentals For A Root Canal Therapy
  • RCT is one name that gives many patients shivers
    when told about it. However, in reality, it is
    not that bad. In fact, it is an instant pain
    reliever and the best treatment to retain the
    original teeth. A Root canal treated tooth serves
    its purpose and function just as a healthy
    tooth. 
  • A root canal is a capillary, which runs from the
    base of the root of the tooth to the middle of
    the crown (the visible part of the tooth). The
    root canal carries the pulp (a network of blood
    and nerve cells), which brings the tooth to life.
  • The nerve of the tooth gets damaged due to many
    reasons. One of the main causes is cavity in the
    tooth that grows deeper and touches the nerve.
    Since the cavity is filled with bacteria, the
    root canal gets inflamed and causes pain. Other
    reasons that may damage the teeth are accidental
    cracks or infection from gums reaching to the
    base of roots. In such cases, root canal
    treatments can easily stabilise the position.

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  • There are two ways to get relief from the pain
    perform the root canal therapy, or pull the
    tooth, clean the gum below, and replace the tooth
    with a denture or bridge. We advise removing
    teeth as a last resort natural teeth are the ones
    best suited for the mouth.
  • It's important to have root canal therapy done
    quickly. The bacteria will travel down the canal
    to the root and into the jawbone. If this
    happens, the pain of your toothache will spread
    to your jaw. Even more important, the infection
    can cause your jawbone to deteriorate and weaken
    the structure that holds your teeth.
  • The best way to avoid root canals is to take good
    daily care of your teeth to prevent the growth
    and spread of bacteria. Brushing and flossing are
    important. Just as important are regular trips to
    the dentist, to check for the first sign of decay
    or cracks that could eventually lead to an
    infected tooth. In this case, an ounce of
    prevention really is worth a pound of cure!

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Root Canal Treatment From Start to Finish
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1. A Deep Infection
  • Root canal treatment is needed when the tooth's
    root becomes infected or inflamed through injury
    or advanced decay.

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2. A Route to the Root
  • The tooth is anesthetized. An opening is made
    through the crown of the tooth to the pulp
    chamber.

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3. Removing the Infected/Inflamed Tissue
  • Special files are used to clean the infection and
    unhealthy pulp out of the canals. Irrigation is
    used to help clean the main canal (called lateral
    canals).

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4. Filling the Canals
  • The canals are filled with a permanent material,
    often gutta-percha. This helps to keep the canals
    free of infection or contamination.

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5. Rebuilding the Tooth
  • A temporary filling material is placed on top of
    the gutta-percha to seal the opening until the
    tooth is ready to be prepared for a crown. A
    crown, sometimes called a cap, is made to look
    like a natural tooth, and is placed on top.

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6. Extra Support
  • In some cases, a post is placed to give the crown
    extra support.

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7. The Crowning Touch
  • The crown is cemented into place.

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Symptoms Of Endodontic Disease
  • Severe tooth pain, typically relieved by cold
    water and increases with the intake of hot
    liquids.
  • Pain worsens when you lie down and reduces when
    you sit up.
  • Pain stays for a long time after consuming cold
    things.
  • Swelling around the tooth.
  • Constant tooth pain
  • Pain when chewing.
  • Tooth pain referred to head and ears as well.
  • Tooth sensitivity on consuming sweets.
  • If you have any of the above stated symptoms, it
    would be advisable that you visit your dentist,
    since he is the best person to judge whether you
    have a root canal disease or not, as some of
    these symptoms may be due to other problems as
    well.

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Why May Endodontic Disease Cause Swelling?
  • When the pulp tissue becomes severely diseased
    and necrotic, the resultant infection can spread
    from inside the tooth into the adjacent bone and
    soft tissues. As a result, swelling can occur in
    the tissues immediately surrounding the tooth. If
    this situation is not treated and the disease
    process is not kept under control by the body's
    defences, the infection can begin to spread into
    other tissue spaces, such as those around the eye
    or in the neck. In some situations, this can
    become a serious medical emergency

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Contact Details
  • HEAD OFFICE A-5 Sukhwani Park, North Main Road,
    Koregaon Park, Pune- 411001. Landmark Next to
    AXIS BANK BUILDING
  • BRANCH OFFICE Talegaon
  • ASSOCIATE OFFICE Goregaon East, Bombay

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