Dr. Joe Stucky, DDS: What Is a Root Canal? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Dr. Joe Stucky, DDS: What Is a Root Canal?

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Root canal treatment is where your dentist treats problems deep inside a tooth without extracting that tooth. These problems can include injuries, abscesses, deep cavities, and others. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dr. Joe Stucky, DDS: What Is a Root Canal?


1
What Is a Root Canal?
  • By Dr. Joe Stucky, DDS.

2
What Is a Root Canal?
  • Root canal treatment is where your dentist treats
    problems deep inside a tooth without extracting
    that tooth. These problems can include injuries,
    abscesses, deep cavities, and others. The pulp
    that is in the tooth that is affected is removed
    and replaced by a rubbery material.

3
Types of Root Canals
  • Primary Root Canal Treatment
  • This procedure is performed to take care of
    inflammation or infection.
  • Secondary Root Canal Treatment
  • This procedure is performed if the first root
    canal does not resolve the problem totally.
  • Apicoectomy
  • If regular root canal treatments are not helping,
    then this microsurgical procedure is done. The
    tip of the tooths root and any infected tissue
    are taken out.
  • Pulpotomy
  • This procedure is usually done on children. The
    nerve and the diseased pulp are taken out only
    from the crown of the tooth. The root nerve is
    left intact.
  • Pulpectomy
  • Also performed on children, this procedure is
    where the whole nerve and all pulp are taken out.

4
Why Do You Need a Root Canal?
  • If your tooth has nerve tissue or pulp that is
    damaged, then it can deteriorate. Bacteria will
    then start to form in the pulp chamber. This
    bacteria can cause an infection or an abscess. An
    abscess is a pocket filled with pus that occurs
    at the end of the roots of a tooth. Also, an
    infection in the root canal of a tooth can
    produce
  • Swelling
  • Bone loss
  • Drainage problems

5
Signs That You Need a Root Canal
  • Sometimes, you will have no symptoms, but these
    are the symptoms that show that a root canal is
    necessary
  • Severe pain when chewing
  • Sensitivity to heat and cold
  • Discoloration
  • Swelling and tenderness in the gums
  • A pimple on the gums forms

6
The Process of a Root Canal
  • A root canal is a procedure performed by a
    dentist or endodontist. An endodontist is a
    specialist who focuses on diseases and injuries
    of the dental pulp or the nerve of the tooth.
  • First, an x-ray is taken of the root canals, and
    your dentist will check to see if there is any
    infection in the surrounding bone. Next, the
    dentist will numb the area.
  • The dentist will put a rubber sheet around the
    tooth to keep the area dry. They then will drill
    a hole in the tooth to get access to the affected
    area. The pulp and nerve tissue that is affected
    is then removed from the tooth. The dentist will
    then wash away the debris with water.

7
The Process of a Root Canal
  • After the tooth is cleaned out, it is sealed.
    Sometimes it takes a couple of appointments to
    finish the root canal. If this is the case, then
    a temporary filling will be placed in the hole to
    prevent contamination. To seal the tooth, a
    rubber substance called gutta-percha is filled
    into the tooth. A filling is placed in the access
    hole to seal it up. Finally, the dentist may need
    to restore the tooth with a crown or a post if
    there is extensive decay.

8
After the Root Canal
  • After the tooth is cleaned out, it is sealed.
    Sometimes it takes a couple of appointments to
    finish the root canal. If this is the case, then
    a temporary filling will be placed in the hole to
    prevent contamination. To seal the tooth, a
    rubber substance called gutta-percha is filled
    into the tooth. A filling is placed in the access
    hole to seal it up. Finally, the dentist may need
    to restore the tooth with a crown or a post if
    there is extensive decay.
  • With respect to your oral care, you should brush
    and floss just like usual.

9
After the Root Canal
  • Root canals have a 95 success rate. The affected
    area is also not conspicuous because a crown or
    filling is placed in the access hole.
  • Sometimes, a new infection might occur after your
    root canal. The reasons for this can include An
    unnoticed crack in the root of your tooth A
    defective dental restoration that allows
    re-contamination A deterioration of the filling
    material that allows reinfection
  • With the advent of new dental technology, the
    process of getting a root canal does not have to
    be any more painful than getting a filling. In
    many cases, the procedure is a real necessity.
    You should always go to your dentist at least
    twice a year, and they will tell you if you need
    this kind of procedure. Of course, if you have
    pain in your mouth anywhere, it is wise to make
    an appointment to see your dentist right away.

10
The Root Canal Process
11
Visit our website
  • www.montrosefamilydentist.com
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